This is our Islam!



What is the Religion of Islam? Is it only a Religion, or is it merely a way of life?
The Real Meaning of Islam
First Meaning: Islam is surrender to Allah

Islam [Submission]:

The word Islam is an Arabic word that denotes submission, surrender, and obedience. As a religion, Islam means conscious and loving submission to Allah Most High with full obedience to Allah in His Commands and His Prohibitions, in all aspects of life, major aspect or minor one, so he who submitted himself totally to Allah in all of His Affairs is a Muslim, and if he does not submit to Allah in His Ruling, then he is not a Muslim. This is the Religion, Islam with which Allah sent all of the messengers in order to bring people out, with the help of Allah, of the depths of darkness of Ignorance and into light of knowledge and to guide them to the path, which is straight. Thus, Islam is an all-inclusive word, which includes all of the Religion, from the fundamental principles to the finest details and rulings.

Islam [Total submission]:

 Allah says in the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): (Say and declare O Muhammad! My Prayer and My Worship, My Rites of Worship, and My Sacrifice, My Life and My Death are all for Allah alone, The Lord of all worlds. He has no partner, no peer with Him. And this is what I have been enjoined and I am the first to surrender to Allah)[1].

 Allah also says in the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): (O Believers! Enter completely and wholly into Islam and Do not follow the footsteps of Satan, he is your open enemy)[2].

This is a call from Allah to the believers to submit totally to Islam and to leave no part of their lives ruled by anything other than Islam. Many of us fall to respond to this call.

Allah does not accept the splitting up of human life into separate compartments, some governed by the teachings of Islam and others exempt.

 Allah says in the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): (Do you believe in a part of the book and disbelieve in the other? Those of you that act thus should live in degradation in the present life and that on the day of resurrection they should be sent back to the most grievous chastisement, Allah is not unaware of what you are doing)[3].

 Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) has always called people to embrace this Religion fully and totally: [When a delegation from the tribe of Thaqif came to Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him), their leader said: [Will you sign a peace treaty with us so that we can go back home?] Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said: [Only if you embrace Islam. If you don’t, there is no peace between you and me]. Their leader said: [But what about extra-martial sex? Our people travel a lot and we cannot do without it! ] Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said: [It is unlawful. Allah said: “And come not near adultery, for it is an indecent deed and an evil way”][4]. Their leader said: [What about the interest on the money we lend?] Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said: [It is unlawful]. They said: [But all of our revenues come from interests]. Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said: [Take back only what which you gave. Allah says in the Qur’an: (Interpretation of the meaning is): [O Believer! Fear Allah and give up of what remains of your demand for usury, if you are indeed believers. If you do not, take notice of war from Allah and his messenger. But if you repent, you shall have your capital sums. Deal not unjustly and you shall not be dealt with unjustly][5]. So they said: [What about wine? We make it from our own grapes and we cannot do without it!]  Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said: [Allah has made it unlawful.” And He recited: “O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, are abomination of the Satan’s handiwork: so avoid such abomination that you may prosper”][6]. After the delegation announced their Islam, they asked Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) to leave the idol they used to worship and not to destroy it until three years. The reason behind their request was that their people would not be scared away from Islam. But Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) refused. They asked that he leave it for one year. But He again refused. A month, they said! He still refused. They asked to be exempt from destroying it themselves and he accepted)[7].

Second Meaning of Islam
Islam Refers to all true Religions as taught by all Prophets sent by Allah.
(1) Briefly defined, Islam is the name of an ideology that has been taught by the prophets from the earliest known times. 
Innumerable prophets have appeared from time to time in all parts of the world to teach this ideology to all sections of the human race, consistently with the conditions of their times, the circumstances of their existence and the stage of their mental and moral evolution. Allah says in the Qur’an: [Interpretation of the meaning is] [And there is no nation that has not had a Warner][8]. Allah also Says in the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): (From the beginning of man and also in this book, the Qur’an, Allah has named you Muslims, so that the messenger Muhammad might bear witness to the truth before you and that you, Muhammad’s nation, might bear witness to it before all mankind)[9]. So: The only acceptable Religion is the one ordained by Allah on the tongues of all of the messengers.
(2) Islam is a general and comprehensive Message, sent to all mankind. 
It is not restricted to any particular race or nation, but is universal, meaning that its message applies to all humanity, at all times, in all places. It is the religion of all the messengers and prophets from Adam to the prophet Mohammed (Peace Be Upon Him). All previous prophets, from Adam, Noah and Abraham to Moses and Jesus, were Muslims. And all of them invited their peoples in their respective ages to complete obedience to the command of God. They laid special emphasis on the Oneness of God and prevented them from polytheism. They instructed them to worship God only and denounce other gods save God. The holy Qur’an has emphasized this fact in many verses, among which, what can be translated as: 
(1) Relaying what Nooh said, "And I was commanded to be from the Muslims"[10]. 

(2) In the supplication of Abraham and Ishmael: “Our Lord! And make us Muslims unto You”[11].

(3) In the advice of Jacob to his sons, “Verily, Allah has chosen for you the Deen, so do not die except as Muslims”[12]

(4) In the speech of Moses to his people, “and depend on Allah if you are Muslims”[13].

(5) In the supplication of the Feroh’s magicians when they believed in Moses, “Oh, Lord, bless us with patience and perish us as Muslims”[14]

(6) In the supplication of Yousef, “perish me as Muslim and put me with the righteous people”[15].

(7) In the words of the companions of Jesus, “We believed in Allah, and be witness to us that we are Muslims”[16].

(8) Allah emphasized this meaning when he addressed this nation, “He prescribed to you from the religion what he entrusted with Noah and what we revealed to you (Muhammad) and what we entrusted with Abraham, Moses, and Jesus that you establish the Deen and do not differ in it”[17].

(9) Allah also says, “Not a single messenger did We send before you without this inspiration sent by Us to him, that there is no God but I, therefore worship and serve Me”[18].

(10) The prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) also emphasizes this fact in His Hadith,

“The prophets are brothers, the sons of one man, and different mothers, and their religion is one”[19].

3. Now Islam in the Most Perfect Form is the Religion of Muslims.

The Holy Prophet is the Last Prophet and No Prophet is to come till the Last Day of the world: Islam is the religion which Allah has revealed it to the prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) to preach to all human kind. He has made it the last of the long line of the religions; and after it, there shall be no other religion.

Since Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) was the last prophet and messenger, his message applies to all future generations.

(1) Allah says, (Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but He is Allah’s Messenger and the last of the prophets)[20].

(2) And it is mentioned in the authentic sayings of Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him): (By Him Allah in whose hand Mohammed’s soul is! There is none from amongst the Jews and the Christians (of these present nations) who hears about Me and then dies without believing in the message with which I have been sent, but he will be from the dwellers of the Hell)[21].

(3) It is also mentioned: (In the past, prophets had been sent to their own particular people; but I have been sent to all mankind)[22].

(4) Also, it is mentioned; (And after Me, there shall be no more prophets)[23].

Since the Qur’an is the final testament, with every word and every letter unadulterated and unchanged, and protected by Allah from any change or tampering, it is the final revelation, and no other law will ever supersede it.

Explaining whether Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) was a prophet of a particular nation or a particular time, or His prophethood extended to the whole mankind for all times, let us seek the answer from the Holy Qur’an itself.

(1) Allah says, [O Muhammad, Say, O mankind, I am the messenger of Allah to all of you][24].
(2) Allah says, [And We did not send You (O Muhammad) except to the entire mankind, bearing good news, and warning][25].
(3) Allah says, [And We did not send You (O Muhammad) save as a mercy’ unto all the worlds][26].
(4) Allah says, [Blessed be He Who has sent down the Qur’an on His Servant so that He may be a Warner to all the worlds][27].
(5) Allah says, [And We did not send You (O Muhammad) for mankind as a messenger and Allah suffices to be a witness][28].
(6) Allah says, [O mankind, the messenger has come to you with the truth from your Lord, so believe, it is better for you, and if you disbelieve, to Allah belongs what is in the heavens and in the earth, and Allah is all-knowing, All-Wise][29].
The first five verses need no elaboration. They are self-explanatory on the point that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) was sent to the whole mankind and not to a particular people, His Prophethood was limited either in time or in place. 
The fifth verse addresses the whole mankind and enjoins upon all of them to believe in the Holy Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him). Nobody can say that the belief of Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) was restricted to His own time. It is, according to this verse, incumbent upon all the people, of whatever age, to believe in His Prophethood. 
It is also mentioned in the Holy Qur’an that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) is the last messenger after whom no Messenger is to come: 
(1) Allah says, [Muhammad is not the father of anyone of your men, but the messenger of Allah and the last of the prophets and Allah is all knowing in respect of everything][30]. 
This verse made it clear that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) is the last one in the chain of the prophets. The earlier prophets were often sent to a particular nation for a particular time, because other prophets succeeded them. But no prophet is to come after Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). Hence, His Prophethood extends to all the nations and all times. 

(2) This is what Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) Himself explained in the following words: [The prophets led the Israelites. Whenever a prophet would pass away, another prophet would succeed him. But there is no prophet after Me. However, there shall be successors and shall be in large numbers][31].

In the light of the verses quoted above, there remains no doubt in the fact that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) is a messenger to all the nations for all times to come. 

Hence Islam comprises the most comprehensive instructions and knowledge applicable in time and space. The Past Religions were not universal in character. They were meant for a particular people or for a particular period. But Islam is meant for all the peoples in the world and for all periods. This is why it is universal, most comprehensive, most perfect and immune from abrogation. Moreover, it consists of the basic teachings of all past Religions together with those profound principals and deep knowledge which were especially given to the Holy Prophet. However it is being declared to all peoples and nations of the world that Religion can be the name of only one thing that man-woman should surrender himself-herself by the depth of his-her heart to God alone and obey His Commands whenever it comes through His Messenger.

Third Meaning of Islam

Islam is an objective and complete way of life.

(1) It is a comprehensive system that involves all aspects of life. Islam is not merely a theology or a statement about Allah and His relationship with His creatures. Besides containing doctrinal and creedal material, it deals with social, penal, commercial, ritualistic, and ceremonial matters. It enters into everything, even into such private areas as one’s dress, marrying, and mating. In the language of the Muslim theologians, Islam is a “complete” and “completed” religion.

Islam is a complete way of life, from the cradle to the grave. A distinct characteristic of Islam is that it is rational, organized, disciplined and a complete way of Life. It is not confined only to ones private life; but serves human needs in all fields of human endeavors. It provides guidance in all walks of life: Individual, social, material, moral, economic, political, legal, cultural, national and international.

Thus it is the only Religion which fulfills the criteria of a Universal Religion. The West, with it’s high standard of education, is best suited to contribute to a Golden Age of Islam in the West. The only thing lacking is a true awareness and understanding of Islam.

Islam is the only right way of life in the sight of Allah, and anyone who chooses another way will have their actions rejected and will have no defense before Allah in the hereafter.

In Surat al-‘Imran Allah says in the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): (Truly Religion as a system of faith and legislation commanded by Allah is Al-Islam)[32].

He also says in the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): (And whoever adapted a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he will be one of the losers)[33].

Allah says in the Qur’an (interpretation of the meaning): (This day I have perfected your religion for you and completed My bounty upon you and I have been pleased to assign for you Al-Islam as a religion, a way of life, a system of conduct, a code on which man bases his entire mode of thought and action)[34].

2. Therefore, there is no success for man/woman in this life and in the Hereafter unless he-she submits to the Religion of Allah, for this reason, one of the mercies of Allah to his servants that He did not leave any nation without sending them a messenger.

Allah says what can be translated as, “There is no nation that has not had a Warner”[35]. Allah also says in another verse what can be translated as, “We have raised an apostle in every nation, saying: Serve Allah and keep away from evil”[36].

3. The religion of Islam is a faith, culture, moral and material civilization. Therefore, it is the only solution for all human problems.

(2) George Bernard Shaw is reported to have said:

(I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion, which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phases of existence, which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him (the wonderful man) and, in ‘my opinion’ far from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness. I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today).

(3) Imam Shafi‘i stated[37] that, [For every problem there is a solution within the Qur’an]. It is because of its total and comprehensive nature that the early Makkans did not accept the Prophet Mohammed’s invitation to say there is no god but Allah. Their rejection was further explained because they understood of the nature of Islam as a system, not just a word to be uttered before Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him), which requires full submission to live Islam in its totality. In other words, Islam would require them to change their whole social system in order to live up to the standard of the seemingly simple statement. The people of Makkah were the first to realize and understand the meaning of Islam.

They early detected that if they would follow Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him), they had to significantly change their individual as well as their whole community life. This was in fact the basic understanding of almost every Muslim right up to the fall of the Islamic Caliphate in 1924. Ever since, the idea of reducing Islam to spiritual life has started to appear. Every individual who presents Islam as devoid of any public role for the community at large may be on the verge of becoming an apostate. Islam as understood by the early companions of Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) covers three main area of human life: Belief, Law, and Morality. Its application in life is made possible through our commitment to a positive Islamic way of living and to avoiding any thing that contradicts the Islamic system and principles with regard to these three areas. Thus the real beauty of Islam may be seen and fully appreciated when the full observance of Islamic practices and the total omission of any Un-Islamic belief and action complete the circle of belief and behavior. In the future we will deal with the sources of Islamic laws and show how they have efficiently provided reasonable solutions to the problems of the time. Because of their general nature, coupled with Ijtihad of the Muslim scholars, the sources of Islamic law successfully proved that Islam is capable of providing solutions for every kinds of challenge facing mankind.

Fourth Meaning

Islam consists of three aspects [elements of Islam]

The Divine Religion or Deen of Islam as defined by the Qur’an and taught by the last of Prophets of Allah, Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace).    

The Holy Qur’an Says:  (Surely the true Religion with Allah is Islam)[38]. It was but Allah that He made His Last Prophet, Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) to define His Religion or Deen in the form of a (Hadith) dialogue between himself and Gabriel (peace be upon him). This Hadith is known as “Hadith of Jibril”:

Umer bin Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) said: (One day as we were sitting in the company of Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace), all of a sudden, there appeared before us, a man dressed in very white clothes with very black hair. There was no sign of fatigue on him because of journey and none amongst us ever knew him. He sat close to the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and placed his knees against the Prophets knees and his palms upon thighs and said:  ‘Muhammad inform me about Islam?’  

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: ‘Al-Islam implies that you testify that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger and that you establish prayer (Salath) and pay Zakah, Observe Fast of Ramadan and perform Pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Ka’bah) in case you have means.’  

The stranger said: ‘you have told the truth.’  

It was amazing for us about him that he would ask the question and then he would himself testify the answer to be true. 

The Stranger then asked: ‘Inform me about Iman (Faith)?’  

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said that: ‘You affirm your faith in Allah, His Angels, His books, His Messengers, in the Hereafter, in the Divine Decree to good and evil of life.’  

Again the Stranger said: ‘You have told the truth.’  

He then asked: ‘Inform me about Al-Ihsan?’  

Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: ‘You worship God as if you are seeing Him, and if you are not seeing Him (believe that) He is in-fact seeing you.’  

Again the Stranger said: ‘You have told the truth.’  

The Stranger asked: ‘Inform me about the Last Hour?’   

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) Said: ‘The one who is inquired knows no more than the one who is inquiring.’  

The Stranger asked: ‘Tell me some of its signs?’ 

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: ‘The slave girl would give birth to her mistress and that you find bare-footed, destitute shepherds joyfully compete in constructing buildings.’  

Umer bin Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) said: ‘Then the stranger went away but I stayed with the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) for a long time.’

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) asked me: Umer, do you know this stranger?’  

I said: ‘Allah and His Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) know best’. The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) Said: ‘He was Gabriel (Jibril), he came to you, to teach you your religion)[39].

1.   According to this Hadith the Religion of Islam taught by Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) consists of three layers or aspects: al-Islam, al- Iman (Faith) and al-Ihsan (Perfection).

2.   Also, in this hadith the Prophet (peace be upon him) defines Al-Islam, as the outward actions of the limbs, Al-Iman as being associated with belief (the inner actions of the heart), and Al-Ihsan as the highest level to attain.

3.   Islam is described as having five pillars[40]:

·         Al-Shahadah,

·         As-Salah [Prayer],

·         Az-Zakah [Charity],

·         As-Siam [Fasting],

·         And al-Hajj [Pilgrimage].

  1. Faith is described as consisting of the six pillars of belief[41]:

·         Belief in Allah.

·         Belief in the Angels.

·         Belief in the Books of Allah.

·         Belief in the Prophets of Allah.

·         Belief in the Resurrection.

·         Belief in the Fate and Destiny.

  1. Ihsan is described as being aware of the presence of Allah, that He sees what you do [including your actions, thought and motives]. 

6.   His hadith contains everything about Islam: the five pillars of Islam, the beliefs that make up Iman (including the belief of fate or qadar), the attainment of the highest level of Iman which is Ihsan, the adab of seeking knowledge and of teaching.

Fourth Meaning

Islam: Aqeedah and Sharee’ah (Beliefs and Systems)

The religion of Islam is a comprehensive way of life that constitutes a set of beliefs and a system regulating life affairs. 
A. The Islamic Faith (Aqeedah);

1. Belief in Allah.

2. Belief in the Angels.

3. Belief in the Books of Allah.

4. Belief in the Prophets of Allah.

5. Belief in the Resurrection.

6. Belief in the Fate and Destiny.

B. The Islamic System (Shari’ah):
This system deals with man’s relationship with his creator, with himself and with other creatures (human & non-human). 
Since Islam is the final religion from Allah, it will remain applicable and capable of regulating the society wherever and whenever it is fully implemented. As Allah says, “Surely, this Qur’an guides to what is most right and gives to the believers who do good deeds the glad tidings that they shall have a great reward”[42]. 
The Islamic system although deals with the ideological, ethical, political and social issues but it is different from all the other ideological, political and social systems because it leaves no single case related to human activities without a rule. The other ideological, political and social systems either do not have any rules for every single human act or does not find it necessary to have any rules for them but instead leave to the individuals to decide. In today's world of materialistic interests and economic competition, Islam is capable of bringing humanity together. Historically, Islam has provided the uniting force that has brought together people of different races, colors, tongues, civilizations, and cultures into one community.  
This Islamic community conducted its affairs with equality among its entire people and enjoyed the true meaning of brotherhood and prosperity. 
Undoubtedly, the Islamic system has established all the necessary rules and guidelines for all of human activities, whether inner and intellectual or outer and physical. The basis for this, in a general expression, is the popular Sahih Hadith: "O people, there is nothing that brings you closer to Paradise and moves you further from Hell that I have not told you to do. And there is nothing that brings you closer to Hell and takes you further from Paradise that I have not forbidden you to do." 
The Islamic Message has made it obligatory on Muslims to implement and execute such a system in a state that takes a specific shape, which is that represented by the system of Khilafah.

The Islamic Systems includes:

1. Ruling System.

2. Social System.

3. Educational System.

4. Judicial System.

5. Economic system.

6. Military System.

7. Da’wah System.

8. Cultural System.

9. Moral System.

10. System of Ibadat:

(a) Religious duties (‘Ibadat):

Salah, Zakah, Siam, Hajj …… etc.

(b) Obligations to other people (Mu’amalat):

Treads, Nikah, Jihad, Amr Bi Ma’ruf and Nahy ‘Ann Munkar …….. etc.

C. Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) did not die until the Religion was fully completed. 
1. Al-Shatibi said, Ibn Habeeb said, Ibn Al-Majshoon informed me that he heard Imam Malik saying: [Whosoever introduces any new matter to this nation, which was not embraced by it's Salaf (predecessors), then he would be claiming that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) betrayed the Message (of Islam). This is because Allah says, "This day I have completed your religion for you".  Therefore, what was not (part of the) religion then it is not (part of the) religion today." 
2. Al-Shatibi added, "Allah sent down the Shari'ah to His Messenger with all the explaining that is needed for all mankind; the duties they are ordered to carry out and the acts of worship that are made obligatory on them. Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) did not die until the Religion was fully completed. Allah attests to this, "This day I have completed your religion for you".
Therefore, any one who claims that any part of the religion was left out or incomplete is belying the verse; "This day I have completed your religion for you." 
3. Al-Shatibi then said, "But the intended completion is the completion of the broad fundamental basis. No needed base of the religion that is related to the essentials, necessities, or complements was ever left out without being explained in full. It is true that there will be some particular aspects that are not mentioned directly, but are left for the Mujtahid to derive its rulings based upon these broad fundamental bases. This is because Ijtihad base is guaranteed by the Qur'an and the Sunnah and must be put into practice and not be abandoned." 
4. ‘Aishah said, "Never believe whosoever told you that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) concealed any part of the Divine revelation, because Allah says, 'O Messenger! Proclaim the (Message), which has been sent down to you from your Lord. If you do not; then you have not conveyed His Message'"[43]. 
5. Also, ‘Abd Allah Ibn 'Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas reported that Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said, "It was obligatory upon all the Prophets before me that they lead their nations to what they know to be best for them and to warn them of what they know to be evil for them"[44]. 

According to the sayings of Imam Hasan ibn Ahmed abd ar-Rahman al-Banna, the Religion of Islam is a Comprehensive Divine Religion encompasses the following three areas:

(A) Aqeedah (Creed): To surrender to Allah’s Religion and to be submissive to Him in all things.

(B) Ibadat (WORSHIP): To sincerely serve Allah and sincerely worship Him.

(C) Neezam (A Way of Life):

Islam is a strict discipline.

It is comprised of the following universal principles:

(1) Political system,

(2) Moral system,

(3) Cultural system,

(4) Economical system,

(5) Military system,

(6) A system of Da’wah, and,

(7) Juridical system.





[1] Qur’an (6), 162-163

[2] Qur’an (2), 208)

[3] Qur’an, (2), 85

[4] Qur’an (17), 32

[5] Qur’an, (2), 278-279

[6] Qur’an, (5), 90

[7] Related by Ahmad 3/34

[8] Qur’an, [35/24]

[9] Qur’an, (22/78)

[10] Qur’an, (10-72)

[11] Qur’an, (2-128)

[12] Qur’an, (2-132)

[13] Qur’an, (10-84)

[14] Qur’an, (7-126)

[15] Qur’an, (12-101)

[16] Qur’an, (3-52)

[17] Qur’an, (42-13)

[18] Qur’an, (21:25)

[19] Reported by Imam Bukhari, Muslim, and Abou Daoud

[20] Qur’an, (33), 40

[21] Narrated by Imam Muslim

[22] Bukhari and Muslim

[23] Bukhari and Muslim

[24] Qur’an [7:158]

[25]  Qur’an, [34/28]

[26]  Qur’an, [21/107]

[27]  Qur’an, [25/1]

[28]  Qur’an, [4/79]

[29]  Qur’an, [4/170]

[30]  Qur’an, [33/40]

[31] [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 3455)

[32]  Qur’an, 3/19

[33]  Qur’an, 3/85

[34]  Qur’an, Al-Mai’dah/3

[35] Qur’an, (35-24)

[36] Qur’an, (16-36)

[37] In his [Risalah]

[38] Qur’an, (19-3)

[39] [Muslim]

[40] These are the pillars of Islam

[41] These are the pillars of Belif

[42]  Qur’an, (17:9)

[43]  (Bukhari)

[44]  [Muslim]


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