Fatawa of Dr. Salah Sultan

Blood Donation and the Red Cross Sign

Assalamu `alaykom

I have been living in the United States for a period of time and I regularly (every two months) donate blood to the American Red Cross Organisation to use in hospitals for those patients who need blood transfusion. Sometimes they give me a T-shirt with the Red Cross sign on it as well as some expressions encouraging people to donate blood. Is it permitted for me to wear a T-shirt with the Red Cross sign on it.

The answer of Dr. Salah Soltan


In the Name of Allah the most Merciful

My dear Brother,

Assalamu `alaykum wa rahmatu Allahi wa Barakatoh.

Your question contains two parts. The first part: Is it permitted to donate blood to the Red Cross Organization? I say yes it is permitted because this donation saves people from dying and Allah the Almighty says :  Ayah   ( if one saves one life it is as if he had saved all humanity)    and among the people of Janna are those who give the poor, the orphan, and the captive the food which they love and the captive is surely a non-muslim. Moreover, it is said that a man entered paradise because he gave water to a thirsty dog and Allah granted his forgiveness to a prostitute woman who gave water to a thirsty dog and both hadiths are in al-Bokhari.

The second part: Is it permitted to wear a T-shirt with the Red Cross sign on it? The answer is no it is not permitted because it has the sign of a religion which we do not believe in and we believe that the crucifixion of the Prophet Jesus is definitely not true as Allah the Almighty said: “but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them,” and whoever imitates people he is like them. But it may be possible to reshape this cross using colours or thread so that you could still make use of the T-shirt, for our prophet PBUH has prohibited wasting time and effort in rumors and wasting money.

Allah is higher and knows more.

Expenditure of donations slated for a specific purpose

What is the judgment of the Islamic Sharia regarding spending the donations coming to the mosque if they were specified for a specific project.  Does it require their expenditure in what they were allocated fore? Or is it permissible to spend them in other Mosque projects?

Answer

Praise be to Allah and blessings be on our master the messenger of Allah peace be upon him. 

The legal rule that rules this spending is  ‘The condition of the owner of the endowment is to be treated as if it is a text from the Legislator . ‘  Thus, if the donor specifies, make a condition, that his donation is to be spent in a field or a specific project, the supervisors who are responsible for spending his money  must abide by that condition and they mustn’t spend the money in other fields without the  permission of the donor himself, because the allocation of the donor is to be treated as the Legislator text.  This is similar to Allah’s command in expiations (Kaffarah) for feeding the poor.  If one feeds the rich, he must do it again rightly and feed the poor not the rich.

Again , the same thing is with the expiation of killing a Muslim by mistake. The Legislator stated that in this case the expiation must be releasing a Muslim slave from bandage.  But in the expiation for Zhihar (a pre-Islamic custom), it is allowed to release a Muslim or non Muslim slave as ordained by the Legislator.

So the Legislator text mustn’t be changed or disobeyed .

Thus, such allocation  of the donor mustn’t be changed without his permission . And that is because the Shariah gives every money owner the right to spend his money in any allowable, preferable or necessary way through gift or general will or donation without condition.

Also ,  Shariah allows the money owner to specify ways to give a donation, a will or a gift, because this freedom to spend is a part of the right of ownership.

Also , if a partner gives someone money to trade in a specific commodity and the later traded in another commodity, he would guarantee the losses as he would also guarantee the capital, because he exceeded the money owner condition .

Also, who spends the Zakat on other than what Allah commands must repeat spending it again.

For all the above reasons, the scholars put forward the rule “The condition of the owner of the endowment is to be treated as if it is a text from the Legislator.”

Thus, it is not allowed to transfer this donation into another fields without the donor permission.

Allah is witness to what I say .

Dr. Salahuddin Sultan

The Extent of Obeying the Parents

His Eminence the honorable Sheikh,

I have a question about the extent of obeying the parents. I know the importance of obeying the parents and treating them with reverence. But I will tell you my situation and I want you to tell me if what I do is against treating them with reverence, which would thus make me undutiful towards them or not.

I am married and I live with my wife in the house of my family but in a separate apartment. We always get together, my wife and I, my father, mother, and my brothers and sisters, for the three meals, breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Then each one turns to his  private residence. Therefore, I pay an amount of money to my father to help in the expenses of the household.

Now, if I buy some fruits for myself and for my wife without my parents knowing it, would I be disloyal to them and I would thus be undutiful towards them, knowing that I buy fruits for the whole family every two months and for myself every week.

May Allah reward you with Goodness.

The answer of Dr. Salah Soltan

In the Name of Allah the most Merciful

My dear Brother,

Assalamu `alaykum wa rahmatu Allahi wa Barakatoh.

I pray to God that you may be well and healthy and may Allah love you the way you love me for His Sake.

First: If there is no necessity, your marital life should basically have a separate dwelling as pointed by a large number of scholars.

Second: If your living together is in the way you described, then there is no harm in presenting special fruits to your wife as a compensation for her accepting to live with your family, which would add to her feeling of intimacy and women always love that. But if you could afford to bring the same to your parents as well, this would be undoubtedly better and may be you can remember the hadith of the three men who were locked up in a cave and one of them supplicated telling that he deprived his children from drinking milk until his parents had their share first. But it is usual that the parents want to share food with all their children which would mean that you would have to buy for all your sisters and brothers as
well and if you could not afford that then there is no harm.

Third: It would be more appropriate for you to take your wife out for dinner every now and then, which would help establish communication, intimacy and appraisal between you.

Allah is higher and knows more.

 

Name

sarah ismail saad    – Egypt

Profession

mechandiser

Question

I know that it is possible to do hajj for a dead person, but can I do it for one of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, wives. If yes did khadiga bent khoiled do hajj ? Please don’t think that I am mad or something and answer me as soon as possible. Thank you.

Answer

Khadijah died in the tenth year in Mecca (three years before hijrah) and Hajj was obliged in the sixth in Medina (after hijrah). Thus, Hajj was obliged 9 years after Khadijah, may Allah be pleased with her, died. You can make hajj for those who are obliged to do it. The obligation did not fall upon Khadijah, may Allah be pleased with her.

 

  

Name

brother    – 

Profession

 

Question

Is is permissible for the wife to take her husbands last name, while keeping her fathers name.

Answer

Allah says that: [Call them to their fathers]. We should not blindly imitate the west, but we are obliged to keep our father’s name. Thus it is forbidden to change it. The west gives the right to choose your name so no one is obliged to change his or her names. The prophet says that ” Don’t be an ima’. That is if people do good, you do good and if they do bad you do bad, but if they do good then do good and if they do bad then do good.” If she takes her husbands last name and keeps her fathers name then I dislike that. It is forbidden to leave out her father’s name, but I dislike leaving out her father’s last name. If there is a condition or law in the country then it is permissible for necessity, but it is still forbidden. Thus it is only allowed for necessity.

 

  

Name

Maha    – 

Profession

 

Question

Looking at the rising divorce rate among Muslims, and in a time and society in which innocent mixing can be observed, (without khalwa), don’t you think it is illogical for parents to be choosing spouses for their American-raised children, who have quite a different background from themselves?

Answer

Regardless of the divorce rate, this is a right to the daughter to consent to her husband. The Prophet, peace be upon him, put the right to a daughter to divorce a man who was married by her parents. The hadith shows that the girl has the right to choose her spouse. There is a narration that a girl (virgin) is to be asked her permission. If she is quiet, then she permits, while the non-virgin must speak out her consent. There is a difference among scholars if the contract is void. If she consents then it is not void and if she does not then the contract is void for a condition of the contract what not fulfilled. There are some views based on ijtihad and not narrations that give more rights to parents, but in this time we should take the views that give the right to the daughters to choose.

 

  

Name

Mustafa    – Hungary

Profession

student

Question

Assalamu aleikum!
It is widely practiced custom that the marriage contract involves the “muahhar” part of ‘mahr’, and muahhar is meant in these contracts as the sum of money paid at divorce. Was it sunnah in the time of prophet Mohammed (S.A.S.) and the khulafa rashidoon, or came later? Is the marriage contract still valid, if muahhar means the sum paid at divorce?

Jazak Allahu khairan!

Answer

This did not occur at the time of the Prophet, peace be upon him, but is a custom. A custom is considered as a condition stipulated in the marriage contract and is accepted. The principle is: What is known as custom is like the stipulated condition. Another principle is: Muslims must fulfill their conditions except a condition that permits a haram or forbids a halal. The muakhar is paid at death as well as divorce.

 

  

Name

Nahla    – 

Profession

 

Question

I find that my hijab attracts much attention where ever I am. It was meant to do the opposite. What is the proof that Allah has commanded women to cover their hair? And why are there many interpretations of this? Is it true that the hadeeth of the Prophet (SAW) about hijab as covering everything but the face and hands is NOT saheeh? And in a country like America, dont you think wearing hijab is “mulfit”, or strange, and thus attracts attention more than normal modest clothing without a scarf? Wasnt the purpose of hijab is for a woman to not stand out? Thank you

Answer

There is no difference among the acceptable scholars over the hijab covering everything except the hand and face. I challenge that there is an acceptable faqeeh that will allow more than uncovering the hands and face. The obligation depends on the verses in the Quran in Surah Alhazab, verse 59, and Surah al Noor, verse31. It is mentioned in the Qur’an in clear, absolute, and fundamental meanings and words. Some scholars see that denying the obligation of hijab is kufr (disbelief) because it is denying was is known in Islam by necessity. What was written Mohamed Saed al ‘Ashmawy that hijab was not obligatory and brought some differences was responded to by Sheikh al Azhar Ali al-Tantawy in Al Ahram newspaper and Mohamed ‘Imarah in his book ” Sukut al Ghlu al ‘Ilmany.

 

  

Name

mohamad    – 

Profession

 

Question

Dear Sheik,

Do I have to repeat my wudu if I fall asleep on the chair but not fully sleep.

Answer

If this chair is hard then there is difference. Deep sleep takes nullifies wudu in all conditions. There is difference over light sleep. If the chair is light (cushioned) then one should make wudu. If the chair is hard (e.g. wood), then one does not have to make wudu. In all conditions, one should make wudu for just a doubt as Ibn al Qayim says since it is recommended to make wudu for every salah anyway.

 

  

Name

ALI    – 

Profession

 

Question

I’m in a non-Muslim country, I want to marry a non-Muslim girl but I cant take her back home with me to my parents, can I marry her but my intention would be to leave her after the time period of one/two months, will my nikah be VALID?

Answer

This is not allowed among any sunni scholars. Only shi’I scholars accept this. However this is completely rejected among any credible scholars. If you allow this for your sister then you can marry this way, but no natural self will accept this for their own family member. Also, the fact that the parents will not accept this nullifies one of the main purposes of marriage as Allah called one of the purposes: (nasab and sihrah) as one of the four main purpose of marriage. The four main purposes of marriage are:

1) Personal tranquility

2) Physical Pleasure

3) Seeking children

4) Social closeness or increasing social ties

 

  

Name

saladine    – 

Profession

 

Question

Assalam-o-alaykum

Ihave a banking account in which i receive my pay and my wife wants me to put her name with on it. She said that in case of i have an accident or anything else she would be able to take some money for our needs.
It ‘s the only one account i have and she has nothing but i don’t want to put any name with on my account.
WHAT IS THE BEST TO DO?

Answer

That best thing to do is to put her name if there is trust. If the wife does not feel that you trust her there may be more cheating on her end. However, putting her on the account increases trust, love and a sense of unity. When I was in the Gulf I used to give each member of the house the house expenses or allowance and that member would be responsible to spend on the house. So one month I gave the responsibility to my wife, once to my daughter, etc. One month I gave it to my Eight-year-old son and he was in charge of the house expenses. This raises a Strong personality and ability to deal with money and teaches the child to give to the poor (charity) and so forth.

 

  

Name

mu’meen    – 

Profession

 

Question

Assalamu alaykum

What is the awra of a man. I mean what part of his body a man can show during the prayer, in front of his brothers and outside.

Jazakallahu khayr

Answer

‘Awrah for the man is from the knees to the belly button. In the malaky school it is only the private area. Thus if you see a man in shorts praying then that is allowed in the Malaky School. That is due to various ahadith that the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to sit with Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and a part of his thighs were showing. If that was ‘awrah then the Prophet, peace be upon him, would not have sat that way. Thus, the Majority of the Scholars say that the ‘awrah is from the belly button to the knees. That is everywhere (i.e. in salah or elsewhere) while the Malaky school says it’s the private area only.

 

  

Name

llyas    – India

Profession

Engineer

Question

Assalamalaikum
I want to know about MUTA ( MARRIAGE FOR FIX PERIOD)? Is it still permissible and praciticed.

Answer

Mut’ah marriage is permitted by Shi’a schools of thought. Not one Sunni school allows it. It is a marriage that must fulfill all the conditions, but it is stipulated for a certain period. They use the verse in the Quran ” and what you seek pleasure from them then give them their dowry”. This allows marriage and not mut’ah. There is non muttawir ( non accepted as a Quranic verse) verse that says “To a specified period”. They also use a narration that the Prophet SAAS allowed it, but the truth that this is incorrect for their six narrations in Bukhary and Muslim that forbid it. Some ill minds use this to permit themselves to commit haram. Allah says: [They think they are fooling Allah, but He is fooling them]

 

  

Name

a sister    – 

Profession

colege student

Question

asslaamu alaikum, what does a religious daughter do when her Muslim yet non-religious adulterous abusive oppressive father controls her life. I’m 21 yrs old and am so depressed, I’m barred from any human interaction, even if their Muslim. Sheltered all of my life, I have no sense of independence. I’m abused physically and emotionally. Some say that I should leave home if this environment is not helping my spiritual growth, but is that really permissible? Me, unmarried, moving out of my house? I would be disowned, and lose contact with family members FOREVER! Please help me. They treat me so badly!!! I feel so destroyed! Is it really permissible for me to be on my own, if I do it for the right reasons? Not so I can have fun and be free and indulge in activities that non-Muslims involve themselves, in, but so that I can become a person, a whole person, have some control over myself. How will I ever be a good wife or mother if I have not developed myself yet? wa alaikum salam . May Allah reward you, insha’Allah

Answer

If you are in an Arab or Muslim country then you should go to your relative and have them talk to your father. Maybe the father is acting this way and secluding you because he does not trust anyone due to his own sins. If nothing is solved, then it is your right to leave the house to live with trusted and secure family or relatives. If you are in a western country and there are no relatives, then you must find a credible (trusted religious) group of sisters to live with.

Do Hajj and `Umrah Expiate Major Sins?

 As-Salamu `Alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

Dear brother, it is said that performing `Umrah serves as an expiation of sins committed between the first and the next `Umrah. Please, kindly help me find answers to the following questions: If one performs `Umrah, does it forgive his sins? If yes, does this include major sins as well? Is it true that having one’s sins forgiven make one leave the Sacred Place (after `Umrah) in Makkah as if or she was born again?

Jazakum Allahu khayran, and may Allah Almighty reward you for your noble deed.

Answer by Dr. Salah Soltan published on Islamonline.net

Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear sister in Islam, it gives us pleasure to receive your question and to see the Muslim youth are interested in knowing the teachings of Islam, which Allah has chosen for His servants as a way of life. According to the Qur’an, a true Muslim should refer to scholars to get himself well-acquainted with the sound image of Islam.

With regard to your question, Dr. Salah Sultan, President of Islamic American University, Detroit, US, and former professor of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) at Cairo University, Egypt, answers:

“Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) says: “The performance of `Umrah is expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous ones. And the reward for Hajj Mabrur (pilgrimage accepted by Allah) is nothing but Paradise.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 27, Hadith no. 1)

It is also reported that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him says: “Alternate between Hajj and `Umrah, because both rid one of poverty and sins just as the blacksmith’s bellows removes all impurities from metals like iron, gold and silver. The reward for Hajj Mabrur is nothing short of Paradise.” (Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, chapter on the Reward of Hajj and `Umrah; the Hadith is graded as Hasan Sahih (good and authentic) by Sheikh Al-Albaani, may Allah bless his soul, Hadith no. 650)

The previous Hadith shows that `Umrah serves as an expiation for all types of sins, whether major or minor, because the wording of the Hadith is general and thus it encompasses both categories.

However, there are two main conditions for the acceptance of Hajj and `Umrah:

1. To have complete sincerity (Ikhlas) by performing those rituals solely for the sake of Allah the Almighty.

2. To perform both Hajj and `Umrah the same way it is mentioned in the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).

Generally speaking, it is not necessary to perform `Umrah just for seeking forgiveness for your sins, but one should resort to Almighty Allah at every time and place. Allah Almighty says: “And when My servants ask you concerning Me, then surely I am very near; I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calls on Me, so they should answer My call and believe in Me that they may walk in the right way.” (Al-Baqarah: 186)”

Do keep in touch. If you have other questions, don’t hesitate to write back.

Allah Almighty knows best.

 

How to Attain Sincerity (Ikhlas)

 As-Salaam `Alaykum. I have an intriguing question. I wonder: how could a Muslim attain sincerity concerning the actions he does both in private and public? How could I, as a Muslim, attain that? 

 Wa`alaykum As-Salaamu Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

In The Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear questioner, thank you very much for having confidence in us, and we hope our efforts, which are purely for Allah’s Sake, meet your expectations. We implore Allah to grant you sincerity and to reward you generously.

Indeed, sincerity to Allah cannot be accomplished without knowledge. Knowledge is the first step for building character and personality. When a Muslim acquires knowledge he becomes capable to recognize how he should be devoted to Allah. Sincerity means having no other goal in one’s life other than pleasing Allah.

In his response to the question, Dr. Salah Sultan, President of Islamic American University (IAU) and professor of Islamic Jurisprudence, Cairo University, states the following:

“Sincerity is achieved when Muslim brothers or sisters have the intention to please Allah Almighty in all their endeavors whether in speech or action. The Muslim seeks generous rewards from Allah Almighty without considering any other motives. He or she does not try to gain worldly favors in terms of self promotion or personal interests. In this way, the Muslim will always serve the Islamic faith and thought, rather than being subservient to short term benefits.

Hence, sincerity is the first key that opens the heart to receive the Mercy of Allah Almighty. In fact the acceptance of one’s deeds depends on one’s purity of intention, which in turn depends on the level of sincerity in one’s heart. With sincerity, a person can attain the highest ranks in the Sight of Allah Almighty, make the most of his/her deeds, and even be rewarded for righteous deeds that he or she was not able to perform.

On the other hand, without sincerity (which results from not taking care of the heart) a person may end up in Hell-Fire regardless of how righteous one’s deeds appear to be. What is the evidence for this statement?

1-Al-Hakim reported in Al-Mustadrak that Anas ibn Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, quoted the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, as saying: “Whoever leaves this world with sincerity to Allah Almighty, the One and Only, and performs the prayers and pays the Zakah will die in the pleasure of Allah.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Imam Muslim narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Three categories of people will be the first to be thrown into Hell-Fire: a scholar who taught people merely to be praised as a scholar; a generous person who gave charity just to be called generous; and a person who participates in Jihad to be recognized as brave.”

In order to avoid losing the rewards of our deeds, we should pay attention to our hearts in three stages:

Firstly, before starting to do anything, ask yourself: am I doing this to please Allah Almighty and to seek His Forgiveness and reward, or am I doing it to impress people and seek their praise? If you have any doubt about the sincerity of that task, then you should renew your intention and free it from anything that would interfere with sincerity.

On the other hand, if it is sincere, you will feel ease and comfort deep in your heart, and therefore you should go ahead with that task with full confidence.

Secondly, while still engaged in a given task, a person may encounter interference from his vain desires or Satan. One may like to be seen while engaged in that task. There is nothing wrong with people seeing you while doing a task for the sake of Allah Almighty. But if love of publicity and praise dominates one’s actions, then there is cause for concern because this may lead to the rejection of that deed by Allah Almighty. A good indication of sincerity is the similarity of a person’s behavior in the presence of people and in their absence.

Thirdly, after completing an assignment or a job, do not continue to boast about your role in it. This feeling becomes particularly obvious if somebody wrongs you or someone is chosen for a position you were seeking, and you resort to hurting that person by defaming him. This course of action destroys your good deeds and will turn out to be detrimental to you.

Here are some criteria that indicate to us whether we are on the right track to sincerity and the pleasure of Allah Almighty.

Signs of Sincerity

To have good intentions before starting a task.

Habits are changed by acts of worship

To perfect one’s duty in private and in public.

To dislike being praised by others, with the Du`aa: “O Allah, forgive me for what they do not know about me, and make me better than what they think of me.”

To welcome advice from friends.

To not seek leadership and not nominate yourself for positions of authority.

To be constantly mindful of one’s shortcomings, and to advise or wish others well.

To feel that your contribution is minimal compared to others.

To love performing the Fajr, Ishaa’, and night prayers.

To prefer giving charity in secret.

These are some of the signs of sincerity (ikhlas). We therefore have to exert ourselves to achieve sincerity because it is a great loss to work hard and end up losing everything.

As for those with sincere hearts, they will attain the highest levels of Paradise. Allah describes them: “Say: ‘Verily, I am commanded to serve God with sincere devotion; and I am commanded to be the first of those who bow to God in Islam.” (Az-Zumar: 11-12).

Being the first of Muslims means realizing happiness in this world and the highest levels of Paradise in the Hereafter. Therefore make a solemn promise to Allah to make your soul display sincerity, such that it becomes a natural part of your existence. In this way, we will possess the key to the heart, which subsequently makes our acts of worship a very pleasant experience. Only those who are endowed with this quality can feel its effect on the person.

Finally, I implore Allah Almighty to make us among the sincere, who are mindful of Allah without others knowing about it. The people with this characteristic perform their duties without others knowing who they are.

On the other hand, when they are absent, people don’t know much about them since they do not care about publicity. They are the keys to guidance whom Allah uses to guide those who have gone astray.

We seek refuge with Allah to save us from the vain desires of the soul and the temptations of Satan.”

The above quotation is excerpted with slight modifications from www.americanmuslim.org

For more information, you may read:

Does Feeling Happy after Doing Good Weaken Ikhlas?

If you have any further comments, please don’t hesitate to write back!

May Allah guide you to the straight path, and guide you to that which pleases Him, Amen.

Allah Almighty knows best.


 

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One comment on “Fatawa of Dr. Salah Sultan

  1. […] : The Quran Blog – Enlighten Yourself Etiketler: Fatawa, Salah, Sultan Bu yazı Çarşamba, 16 Haziran 2010, 16:09 tarihinde English […]

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