Forty Hadiths Illustrating the Superlative Eloquence of the Prophet

 

 

Forty Hadiths Illustrating the Superlative Eloquence of the Prophet by GF Haddad ©

[1] Hadith One

Forty Hadiths Illustrating the Superlative Eloquence of the Prophet by GF Haddad

The Prophet’s Recommendation Allah bless and greet him – to Ibn `Abbas in Which He Describes the Habits A Believer Must Have With Allah Almighty

Al-Tirmidhi narrated from Ibn `Abbas – Allah be well-pleased with both of them! – that he said:

“I was [riding] behind the Prophet one day and he said to me: ‘O my boy! I shall teach you certain words. Keep Allah [with you], and He shall keep you. Keep Allah [with you], and you shall find Him facing you. If you ask for something, ask Allah. If you seek help, seek it from Allah. Know with certainty that if the entire Community gather together to support you, they can benefit you nothing except in what Allah has foreordained for you; and if they gather together in order to harm you, they can harm you in nothing except in what Allah has foreordained against you. The quills have been raised and the records are dry.'”

Imam Ahmad added in his narration: “Seek to know Allah in the time of prosperity and He shall know you in the time of affliction. Know that perseverance in the face of what you hate is an immense good, that help lies with patience, deliverance with trial, and with hardship goes ease.”

NOTES 1 Narrated from Ibn `Abbas by Ahmad in his Musnad with a sound chain as stated by Shaykh Ahmad Shakir

[2] Hadith Two

His Recommendation to Ibn `Umar, Allah Be Pleased With Both of Them

Al-Tirmidhi narrated from Ibn `Umar – Allah be well-pleased with both of them! – that he said: “Allah’s Messenger held my shoulders1 and said: ‘Be in the world as if you were either a stranger or a traveller, and count yourself as one of those who lie in their graves.'”2

Al-Nasa’i’s3 and Ahmad’s narrations have the following addition at the beginning of the hadith: “Worship Allah as if you see Him.”4

This recommendation contains the exposition of the stages of spiritual travel and wayfaring toward the station of the Supreme Sovereign King. These three stages include all the abodes of travelers and the stations of those who have arrived. We have made an extensive and valuable study of this narration, which we shall cite further down, if Allah wills.

NOTES: 1 Al-Tirmidhi’s wording has “held part of my body,” but the shaykh used the wording of al-Bukhari. The latter narrated the hadith without the clause “and count yourself as one of those who lie in their graves.”

2 Narrated by al-Bukhari as mentioned, al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ahmad

[3] Hadith Three

The Prophet’s Description of the Deeds By Which a Muslim Becomes Beloved of Allah and of People Ibn Majah narrated from Sahl ibn Sa`d al-Sa`idi — Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said: “A man came to the Prophet and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, show me a deed which, if I perform it, Allah will love me, and people will love me.’ The Prophet replied: ‘Renounce the world and Allah will love you, and renounce what lies in the hands of people and they will love you.'”1

1 Also narrated by al-Tabarani in al-Kabir …

[4] Hadith Four

The Prophet’s Recommendation That None Be Burdensome Nor Covetous Among People, And To Perform One’s Prayer Intensely For It May Be One’s Last

Narrated from Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (: A man came to the Prophet and said: “O Messenger of Allah, advise me!” He replied: “Expect nothing from what people possess. Beware of greed, for it is immediate poverty. Perform your prayer as one departing. Beware of what one apologizes for.”1

NOTES 1 Narrated by al-Hakim (4:326) who declared it sahiih,…

[5] Hadith Five

The Prophet’s Recommendation To Hasten To Do Good Deeds Without Procrastination Nor Laziness, Before Involvement With Concerns And Unforeseeable Obstacles

It is narrated from Abu Hurayra – Allah be well-pleased with him — that the Prophet said: “Hasten to good deeds before seven [deadlines]! Are you waiting for poverty to make you oblivious? Or wealth to turn you into an oppressor? Or debilitating illness? Or hoary senility? Or sudden death? Or the Antichrist – what a loathsome wait! Or the Hour [of Resurrection]? Indeed, the Hour is hardest to bear and most bitter!”

Al-Tirmidhi narrated it and declared it hasan, while al-Hakim declared its chain sahih as stated in al-Mundhiri’s Targhib and in Fayd al-Qadir.1

NOTES 1 Al-Tirmidhi declared it hasan gharib….

[6] Hadith Six

The Prophet’s – Allah bless and greet him – Prohibition Against Being A Conformer, Rather, Let One Practice Goodness And Follow Truth

It is narrated from Hudhayfa — Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said: Allah’s Messenger said: “Do not be conformers who say: ‘If people do good we shall do good, and if they do wrong we shall do wrong.’ Rather, make yourselves ready to do good if people do good, and, if they do wrong, not to do wrong.”

Al-Tirmidhi narrated it and declared it hasan, as stated in al-Targhib and elsewhere.1

NOTES 1 Al-Tirmidhi declared it hasan gharib. It is narrated by al-Bukhari in al-Tarikh al-Kabir (4:367 #3169) with the wording: “Do not be conformers who turn with every wind.”

[7] Hadith Seven

The Prophet’s Recommendation Of Truthfulness And His Description Of Its Excellent Effects; His Warning Against Lying and His Description Of Its Evil Effects

It is narrated from Ibn Mas’ud – Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said: “Allah’s Messenger said: ‘You must be truthful! Verily, truth leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. One is ever truthful and pursues truthfulness until he is recorded, in Allah’s presence, as most-truthful-and-trustful (siddiq). Beware of lying! Verily, lying leads to depravity, and depravity leads to Hellfire. One constantly lie and pursues falsehood until he is recorded, in Allah’s presence, as a liar.'”

The above is narrated by al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, and al-Tirmidhi, who declared it sahih – the above is the latter’s wording – as mentioned in al-Targhib and elsewhere.1

The Prophet here recommends truthfulness. That is truthfulness of speech in harmony with the practical aspect of the Law; truthfulness of deeds with sincerity of intention for the sake of Allah Almighty; and truthfulness in states which are acquired through close attention (muraqaba) to Allah.

Then he showed that the realization of truthfulness brings one to rightousness (birr), which lexically signifies “vast and abundant goodness.” What is meant here is vast and abundant goodness of faith, and the realization of the many, magnificent branches of faith.

Allah said: {It is not righteousness that you turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteous is he who believes in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the Prophets; and gives his wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free; and observes proper worship and pays the poor due. And those who keep their treaty when they make one, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of stress. Such are they who are sincere. Such are the God fearing.} (2:177)

Reflect on Allah Almighty’s saying: {Such are they who are sincere} after He enumerated the branches of righteousness. Compare this with the Prophetic hadith in this chapter, and you will understand what is meant.

The Prophet also showed that whoever realizes righteousness in faith, such realization will make him reach Paradise.

Then the Prophet warned against lying in word, deeds, and states. He showed that lying eventually leads to depravity (fujur), which, at the root, signifies “something passing its limit.” What is meant here is that lying leads the liar to trespass the lawful bounds imposed on him by Allah Who decreed that he should stop at those limits. The Prophet showed that such depravity leads one to Hellfire without fail. Thus speech, deeds, states, and stations are all interrelated. Each leads to the other and produces effects in goodness or evil.

[8] Hadith Eight

The Immense Merit of Love Based on Belief And Its Consequence

It is narrated from Ibn Mas’ud – Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said: “A man came to the Allah’s Messenger and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! What do you think about a person who loves a people but did not join them?’ That is: He was not able to do what they do.

The Prophet said: ‘Each is with those he loves.'” Bukhari and Muslim narrated it.

[Abu Dawud]1 also narrated from Anas – Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said: “I saw the Companions of Allah’s Messenger rejoice for something more than any other thing for which I ever saw them rejoice: A man said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! What if someone loves someone else for his excellent deeds, but does not do as he does?’2

The Prophet said: ‘Each is with those he loves.'” See al-Mundhiri’s al-Targhib.

[9] Hadith Nine

The Prophet’s Admonition Against Harboring Suspicion and His Description of A Muslim’s Duty Toward His Brother

It is narrated from Abu Hurayra – Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said: “The Prophet said: ‘Beware of harboring suspicion, for suspicion is the most deceitful discourse of all. Neither search out nor spy on others. Do not contend with one another, nor envy one another, nor harbor hostility nor enmity for one another. Rather – O Allah’s servants! – be brethren as Allah commanded you.

‘The Muslim is brother to the Muslim. He does not wrong him. He does not humiliate him. He does not demean him. Godwariness is right here! Godwariness is right here! Godwariness is right here!’ – he pointed to his chest three times. ‘It is evil enough that one should demean his Muslim brother. All of the Muslim is sacred to the Muslim: his life, his property, and his honor.'”

Muslim’s narration adds: “Verily, Allah Almighty does not look at your appearances and your possessions; but He looks at your hearts and your deeds.”

The hadith master al-Mundhiri said: “Malik, al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, and al-Tirmidhi narrated it.1 The wording above is Muslim’s, and it is the most inclusive narration.” He means the latter in the sense of collating all of them together, as becomes clear after examining the narration in Sahih Muslim.

[10] Hadith Ten

The Prophet’s Recommendation That Each Believer Be Full of Concern Over What Benefits Him (or Her) In His (or her) Religion And Everyday Existence, Asking For Allah’s Help; His Urging the Believer To Work And Beware of Frustration And Laziness

Muslim narrated from Abu Hurayra – Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said: “Allah’s Messenger said: ‘The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak one, but in each of them there is great goodness. Be full of concern over what benefits you. Seek Allah’s help and do not get frustrated. If something bad happens to you, do not say: if only I had done such and such, then such and such would have happened. Say: Allah foreordained it to take place, and whatever Allah wishes, He does. For ‘if only’ begins Satan’s work.”1

[11] Hadith Eleven

The Prophet’s Recommendation Of Godwariness In Private and In Public

It is narrated from Mu’adh – Allah be well-pleased with him — that Allah’s Messenger said: “Be wary of Allah wherever you are. Follow up your wrongdoing with a good deed which shall erase it. Treat people with great kindness.”

Al-Tirmidhi narrated it and said it is hasan sahih.1

Al-Tabarani also narrated, with a chain from Abu Salama whose narrators are trustworthy, from Mu’adh – Allah be well-pleased with him: “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, advise me.’ He replied: ‘Worship Allah as if you see Him. Count yourself among the dead. Remember Allah at every rock and every tree. If you did wrong, then do good next to it; secret for secret, open deed for open deed.'”

The above wording is that of al-Targhib. The author said: “Abu Salama did not actually meet Mu’adh.”2

NOTES 1 Al-Tirmidhi narrated it from Abu Dharr…

[12] Hadith Twelve

The Prophet’s Recommendation of Filial Piety and Modesty in the Custody of One’s Eyes

It is narrated from Ibn ‘Umar – may Allah be well-pleased with both of them – that the Prophet said: “Keep filial piety with your parents so that your children shall keep filial piety with you, and practice virtue so that your womenfolk shall be virtuous.”1

[13] Hadith Thirteen

The Prophet’s Description Of The Attributes That Place One In The Shade of Allah — Almighty and Exalted

It is narrated from Abu Hurayra – Allah be well-pleased with him: “I heard Allah’s Messenger say: ‘Seven shall be those whom Allah grants shade the day that there shall be no shade except His:

– The equitable leader; – A young man who grew up worshipping Allah — Almighty and Exalted –; – A man whose heart is attached to the mosques; – Two men who loved one another for Allah’s sake, meeting for that reason and parting for that reason; – A man who was invited by a woman of distinction and beauty but saidto her: Verily I fear Allah — Almighty and Exalted –; – A man who gave in charity but kept it secret so that his left hand did not know what his right hand expended; – A man who remembered Allah in seclusion, whereupon his eyes wept.'”

Narrated by the Two Shaykhs [Bukhari and Muslim] and others. The Prophet mentioned in many of his hadiths a vast array of those whom Allah shall place in His shade. One of the scholars of hadith gathered those narrations in a monograph, and the reader can look them up there.1

[14] Hadith Fourteen

The Prophet’s Warning Against One’s Uttering A Word Without First Ascertaining What One is Saying

It is narrated from Abu Hurayra — Allah be well-pleased with him — that he heard Allah’s Messenger say: “Verily Allah’s servant may utter a word without first bringing it to light [whether it is a good or a bad word], and because of it will stumble into the Fire a distance greater than what lies between East and West.” The Two Shaykhs narrated it.

Al-Tirmidhi narrated it in the following wording: “Verily a man shall utter a word he deems innocuous, and fall headlong for it a distance of seventy years.”

Al-Hakim narrated it in the following wording: “Verily a man shall utter a word which he thinks of little consequence, and fall headlong for it into the Fire a distance of seventy years.”

Al-Bayhaqi narrated it in the following wording: “Verily Allah’s servant shall say a word and not mean to say it except to make his gathering laugh – and fall headlong for it a distance greater than what lies between the heaven and the earth. Verily a man shall fall, because of his tongue, harder than he could ever fall from his feet.”

Abu al-Shaykh also narrated with a fair chain from Anas – Allah be well-pleased with him — that Allah’s Messenger said: “Lo! Verily a man among you may speak a word so as to make the people laugh, and because of it plummet farther than the heaven. Lo! Verily a man among you may speak a word so as to make his friends laugh, and Allah Almighty and Exalted shall become angry with him because of that word, and not accept anything from him, until He enters him into the Fire.”

The reader can look up these collected narrations in al-Mundhiri’s Targhib.

[15] Hadith Fifteen

The Prophet’s Description of the States of People in the World and Their Consequences in the Hereafter

It is narrated from Abu Kabsha al-Anmari — Allah be well-pleased with him — that he heard the Prophet say: “I shall swear an oath to three things. I shall tell you what these three things are, so remember this well:

[1.] No property is ever diminished by the giving of charity.

[2.] No servant [of Allah] is ever unjustly mistreated and yet bears it patiently, except Allah shall increase him in good reputation.

[3.] No servant [of Allah] begins to solicit charity except Allah Almighty and Exalted initiates poverty for him.”

He also said: “I shall tell you something which you must remember well. The world belongs to one of four kinds exclusively:

[1.] A servant [of Allah] upon whom Allah Almighty and Exalted bestowed property and knowledge, by means of which he seeks to protect himself from His Lord’s displeasure and strengthen family ties, knowing that Allah Almighty and Exalted owns rights over that property and knowledge. This is truly the best of stations.

[2.] A servant [of Allah] upon whom Allah Almighty and Exalted bestowed knowledge but not property, who is truthful in his intention and says: ‘If I had property I would do the deeds of So-and-so.’ His status is according to his intention, and the reward of each of the two is exactly the same.

[3.] A servant [of Allah] upon whom Allah Almighty and Exalted bestowed property but not knowledge, who gropes aimlessly with his property without knowledge, not seeking to protect himself from His Lord’s displeasure with it, nor strengthening family ties with it, not recognizing that Allah Almighty and Exalted owns rights over that property. This is truly the worst of stations.

[4.] A servant [of Allah] upon whom Allah Almighty and Exalted bestowed neither property nor knowledge, who says: ‘If I had property, I would use it to do the [evil] deeds of So-and-so.’ His status is according to his intention, and the burden of each of the two is exactly the same.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi who declared it hasan sahih, and Ibn Majah.1

The meaning of “begins to solicit charity” is: begging and asking for people’s property when one is not pushed by necessity. As for one pushed by necessity, he is allowed to ask to whatever extent is necessary if unable to meet his need through work and the like.

The meaning of “I would do the deeds of So-and-so” in the first instance is: I would give in charity and perform good deeds just as that wealthy, generous, and Godwary person is doing. In the second instance it means that he formed the intention, if he had property, to grope aimlessly and commit transgressions with it such as So-and-so does, squandering and sinning with it. Through such an intention, the other person’s offense becomes his also.

[16-18] Hadith Sixteen

The Prophet’s Description of the Deeds of Mercy and Their Effects

It is narrated from Abu Umama — Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said the Prophet said: “Good deeds protect one from a bad death. Charity given in secret extinguishes the Lord’s wrath. And upholding family ties increases one’s life.”1

Another version adds: “Every good deed is a charity. The people who do good deeds are a charity. The people who do good in the world are the people of good in the hereafter. The people that do evil in the world are the people of evil in the hereafter. The first to enter Paradise will be the people who did good.”2

Hadith Seventeen

The Prophet’s Exposition of the Obligation of Loving Him Above All Other Created Beings

It is narrated from Anas — Allah be well-pleased with him — that he said the Prophet said: “None of you believes until I am more beloved to him than his father, his son, and all people.” This narration is agreed upon [i.e. narrated by Bukhari and Muslim].

Hadith Eighteen

The Prophet’s Description of the Attributes By Which the Believer Obtains the Sweetness of Faith

It is narrated from Anas — Allah be well-pleased with him — that the Prophet said: “There are three traits by which, if they are found in a person, that person shall obtain the sweetness of faith:

[1.] One to whom Allah and His Messenger are dearer than anyone else besides them;

[2.] who loves someone for no other reason than Allah’s sake;

[3.] and who loathes to return into unbelief after Allah has saved him from it as much as he would loathe to be thrown into a furnace[: That person shall obtain the sweetness of faith].

Another versions states: “There are three traits by which, if they are found in a person, that person shall obtain the sweetness and taste of faith:

[1.] One to whom Allah and His Messenger are dearer than anyone else besides them;

[2.] who loves in the way of Allah and hates in the way of Allah;

[3.] who would consider that the kindling of a great furnace and his falling into it are lovelier to him than to associate anything or anyone with Allah Almighty and Exalted. Narrated by the Two Shaykhs, al-Tirmidhi, and al-Nasa’i.

[19-21] Hadith Nineteen

What Was Conveyed About the Rights of Muslims Over One Another

It is narrated from Abu Hurayra that he said Allah’s Messenger said: “The rights of a Muslim over a Muslim are six.” He was asked: “And what are they, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied:

“[1.] When you meet a Muslim, greet him [with al-salamu ‘alaykum]. [2.] When he invites you, respond to his invitation. [3.] When he seeks your faithful advice advise him faithfully. [4.] When he sneezes and glorifies Allah [by saying al-hamdu lillah] invoke Allah’s mercy upon him. [5.] When he falls sick visit him. [6.] When he dies follow his funeral.” It was narrated by Muslim, while al-Bukhari narrates only five items.

Hadith Twenty

Concerning the Warning Against Envy and Hatred Which Are the Disease That Caused the Destruction of Nations

It is narrated from al-Zubayr ibn al-‘Awamm that Allah’s Messenger said: “The disease of previous nations has crawled its way to you: envy and hatred. Hatred is the shearer (al-haliqa). It does no shear hair but it shears religion. By the One in Whose hand is Muhammad’s soul! You shall never enter Paradise until you believe, and you shall never believe until you love one another. Shall I inform you of something which, if you do it, you shall love one another?” They said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah!” He said: “Spread salaams among yourselves.”

Hadith Twenty-One

The Exposition of the Rights of the Road and Its Etiquette

It is narrated from Abu Sa’id that Allah’s Messenger said: “Beware of sitting in the pathways.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah, We have necessities which we address in our gatherings.” He replied: “If you must have your gatherings, then give the road its right.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah, and what is the right of the road?” He said: ”

[1.] Lowering the gaze, [2.] Refraining from harm, [3.] Returning the salaam, [4.] Commanding good and forbidding evil.

It was narrated by the Two Shaykhs. It is also narrated by Abu Dawud whose narration adds: “And giving directions.” Al-Tabarani’s version adds: “And rescuing the one in sorrow.”

Allah’s blessings and peace on the Prophet., his Family, and his Companions

GF Haddad ©

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