Islam: Economic Values and Ethics (1)

(2) Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Economic Values and Ethics

By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya


Economic Values and Ethics

Fair/Honest Dealing in Trading, Buying and Selling

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.” (Qur’an 5:8)

Hakim bin Hizam t (Radhiallahu anhu, meaning: May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The seller and the buyer have the right to keep or return goods as long as they have not parted or till they part; and if both the parties spoke the truth and betrayed in purchasing.” The Prophet r told him to say at the time of buying, “No cheating.” (i.e., he has the right to return it if found undesirable). (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 328)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messengerr said: “If one gives in charity what equals one date-fruit from the honestly earned money and Allah accepts only the honestly earned money ¾ Allah takes it in His Right (hand); and then enlarges its reward for that person (who has given it), as anyone of you brings up his baby horse, so much so that it becomes as big as a mountain described the defects and qualities (of the goods), then they would be blessed in their transaction. And if they told lies or hid something, then the blessings of their transaction would be lost.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 293)

Hakim ibn Hizam t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The seller and the buyer have the right to keep or return goods as long as they have not parted or till they part; and if both the parties spoke the truth and described the defects and qualities (of the goods), then they would be blessed in their transaction, and if they told lies or hid something, then the blessings of their transaction would be lost.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 293)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verse and Hadith see: Qur’an 3:161 and Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 491 Vol. 3 Hadith 293 Vol. 3 Hadith 597, Abu Dawud Hadith 3527, Tirmidhi Hadith 2799, Ibn Majah and Darimi)

Weighing/ Measuring of Goods for Business

“Give full measure when you measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight. That is better and fairer in the final determination.” (Qur’an 17:35)

“So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance.” (Qur’an 55:9)

Al-Miqdam bin Ma’dikarib t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Measure your foodstuff and you will be blessed.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 338)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verse and Ahadith see: Qur’an 83:1-3, Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 334 Vol. 3 Hadith 341 Vol. 3 Hadith 345, Vol. 3 Hadith 345 and Vol. 3 Hadith 385.)

Documentation and Fulfillment of Contracts/Obligations

“… Fulfill the contracts which you have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the God-fearing.” (Qur’an 2:177)

“O you who believe! When you deal with each other, in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time reduce them to writing. Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties. Let not the scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him. So let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate, but let him fear Allah His Rabb (Sustainer) and not diminish aught of what he owes. If the party liable is mentally deficient, or weak or unable himself to dictate; let his guardian dictate faithfully. And get two witnesses, out of your own men. And if there are not two men, then a man and two women, such as you choose, for witnesses, So that if one of them errs the other can remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (for evidence). Disdain not to reduce to writing (your contract) for a future period, whether it be small or big; it is more just in the sight of Allah, more suitable as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves. But if it be a transaction which you carry out on the spot among yourselves, there is no blame on you if you reduce it not to writing. But take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract; and let neither scribe nor witness suffer harm. If you do (such harm), it would be wickedness in you. So fear Allah; for it is Allah that teaches you. And Allah is well acquainted with all things. If you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe a pledge with possession (may serve the purpose). And if one of you deposits a thing on trust with another, let the trustee (faithfully) discharge His trust, and let him Fear Allah his Rabb (Sustainer). Conceal not evidence; for whoever conceals it- His heart is tainted with sin. And Allah knows all that you do. (Qur’an 2:282-283)

“O you who believe! Fulfil (all) obligations…” (Qur’an 5:1)

“And take not your oaths, to practice deception between yourselves with the result that someone’s foot may slip after it was firmly planted, and you may have to taste the evil (consequences) of having hindered (men) from the Path of Allah, and a mighty Wrath descend on you.” (Qur’an 16:94)

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Umama t that Allah’s Messenger r said: “He who appropriated the right oft a Muslim by (swearing a false) oath, Allah would make Hell-fire necessary for him and would declare Paradise forbidden for him.” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 252)

(For other relevant verses and Ahadith see: Qur’an 5:89; 16:92; 16:94; Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 252; Hadith 4056; Al-Bukhari Vol.8 Hadith 668 and Abu Dawud Hadith 3237; Al-Bukhari Vol.6 Hadith 138; Abu Dawud, Hadith 3316; Al-Bukhari Vol.8 Hadith 622 and Vol.9 Hadith 538.)

Obligatory Payment of Debts

“If the debtor is in a difficulty, grant him time till it is easy for him to repay. But if you remit it by way of charity, that is best for you, if you only knew. And fear the Day when you shall be brought back to Allah. Then shall every soul be paid what it earned, and none shall be dealt with unjustly.” (Qur’an 22:280-281)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that a dead man in debt to others used to be brought to Allah’s Messenger r who would ask, “Has he left anything to repay his debts?” If he was informed that he had left something to cover his debts, the Prophet would offer the funeral prayer for him; otherwise he would say to the Muslims (present there), “Perform the funeral for your friend,” But when Allah helped the Prophet to gain victory (o his expeditious) he said: “I am closer to the Believers than themselves, so, if one of the Believers dies in debt, I will repay it, but if he leaves wealth, it will be for his heirs. (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 284)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “If I had a gold equal to the mountain of Uhud, it would not please me that anything of it should remain with me after three nights (i.e., I would spend all of it in Allah’s Cause) except what I would keep for repaying debts.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 452)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses and Ahadith, see: Qur’an 4:12, 24:11, Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 502 Vol. 8 Hadith 452, Muslim Hadith 3896, Tirmidhi Hadith 2926, Nasa’I and Abu Dawud Hadith 3558.)

Discouragement of Being in Debt

‘Aishah (Radhiallahu anha) narrated that Allah’s Messenger r used to invoke Allah in the prayer saying, “O Allah, I seek refuge with you from all sins, and from being in debt.” Someone said: “O Allah’s Messenger, (see you) very often you seek refuge with Allah from being in debt. He replied, “If a person is in debt, he tells lies when he speaks, and breaks his promises when he promises.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 582 and Abu Dawud Hadith 879)

Amr bin Al-As t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “All the sins of a Shahid (martyr) are forgiven except debt.” (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4649)

(For other relevant Ahadith, see Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 487 and Abu Dawud Hadith 3336.)

Prohibition of Usury

“Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, but will give increase for deeds of charity: for He loves not creatures ungrateful and sinner.” (Qur’an 2: 276)

“O you who believe! Fear God, and give up what remains of your demand for usury, if you are indeed believers.” (Qur’an 2: 278)

“O you who believe! Devour not usury, doubled and multiplied, but fear God that you may (really) prosper.” (Qur’an 3:130)

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r cursed the one who accepted usury, the one who paid it, the witness to it, and the one who recorded it.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 3327)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses and Ahadith see: Qur’an 2:275, 4:161 and 30:39; Al-Bukhari Vo.l. 3 Hadith 379, Vo.l. 7 Hadith 829, Muslim Hadith 3854, Tirmidhi Hadith 2829 and Nasa’i, Hadith 2827, Ibn Majah, Bayhaqi and Ahmad.)

Prohibition of Bribery

“And do not eat up your property among yourselves for vanities, nor use it as a bait (bribe) for the judges, with intent that you may eat up a little of (other) people’s property.” (Qur’an 2:188)

‘Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As t narrated that he heard Allah’s Messenger r saying, “Fornication will not appear among any people without their being punished by famine, and bribery will not appear among any people without their being punished by terror.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 3582 and Ahmad)

‘Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-‘As t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r cursed the one who bribes and the one who takes bribe. (Abu Dawud Hadith 3573)

Avoidance of Hoarding and Monopoly

“On the Day when heat will be produced out of that (wealth) in the fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs. ‘This is the (treasure) which you buried for yourselves: Taste you, then the (treasures) you buried.'” (Qur’an 9:35)

Abda t. narrated that the Prophet r said: “Do not withhold your money by counting it (i.e. hoarding it), (for if you did so), Allah would also withhold His blessings from you.” (Al-Bukhari Vo.l. 2 Hadith 514)

Ya’la ibn Umayyah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Hoarding up food (to sell it at a high price) in the sacred territory is a deviation (from right to wrong).” (Abu Daud Hadith 2015)

Ma1mar bin Abdullah t, the son of Nadla t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said, “None but a sinful person hoards (goods).” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2154)

Umar bin Al-Khattab t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “He who imports (goods is granted provision and he who hoards (goods) is a cursed one.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2153)

Avoidance of Entering into Transaction when another is already Making the Same Transaction

Ibn Umar t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Anyone of you should not enter into transaction when another is already making the transaction.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2171)

Abu Hurairah t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “A man should not enter into transaction against the transaction of his brother (while he is making a transaction) to his brother’s purchase.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2172)

Mutual Consent

“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: but let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual goodwill: nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hats been to you Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 4:29)

Abu Sa’id Khudri t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said “A transaction is valid as a result of mutual consent.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2185)

Generosity in Business Transaction

Uthman bin Affan t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Allah will admit to the Paradise a man who is lenient as a seller and a buyer.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2202)

Jabir bin Abdullah t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “May Allah have mercy on the bondsman who is kind when he sells, kind when he buys and lenient when he demands (his debt)..” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2202)

Disapproval of Taking Oaths in Business

Abu Qatada t reported that Allah’s Messengerr said: “Beware of taking oaths in a business transaction because it (first) promotes the business and then ultimately obliterates (the blessings of the business).” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2209)

(For other relevant Hadith see: Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2208.)

Defects of Commodity for Sale should be Known

Uqba bin ‘Amir t is reported to have said: I heard Allah’s Messenger as saying: “A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. It is not permissible for a Muslim to sell a commodity that contains some defect in it except that he describes that (defect) to him (the buyer).” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2246)

(For other relevant Hadith see: Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2247)

Encouragement of Partnership and Profit Sharing

Salih bin Suhaib t reported on his father’s authority that Allah’s Messenger r said: “There are three things which contain a blessing in them: buying and selling for a prescribed period, profit sharing (mudaraba) and mixing of wheat with barley for domestic consumption but not for sale.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2289)

Prohibition of Theft and Robbery

“As to the thief, male or female, cut off his hand or her hands: a punishment by way of example, from Allah, for their crime: and God is exalted in power.” (Qur’an 5:38)

‘Aishah narrated that the Prophet r said: “The hand should be cut off for stealing something that is worth a quarter of a Dinar or more.” (Al-Bukhari Vol.8 Hadith 780 and 782)

‘Abdullah ibn Yazid al Ansaryt narrated that the Prophet r forbade robbery (taking away what belongs to others without their permission), and also forbade mutilation (or maiming) of bodies. (Al-Bukhari Vol.3 Hadith 654)

(For other relevant verse and Ahadith see: Qur’an 5:39; Al-Bukhari Vol. 5 Hadith79; Abu Dawud Hadith 4367 and Hadith 4396.)

Prohibition of Land Grabbing

Sa’id bin Zaid t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whoever usurps the land of somebody unjustly, his neck will be encircled with seven earths (on the Day of Resurrection).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 632; Vol. 4 Hadith 419)

Ibn ‘Umart narrated that the Prophetr said: “Whoever takes a piece of the land of others unjustly, he will sink down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 634; Vol. 4 Hadith 418)

Prohibition of Gambling and the Selling, Buying, and Consumption of Intoxicants

“O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication) of stones, and (divination by) arrows are an abomination of Satan’s handiwork: Eschew such abomination, that you may prosper. Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred among you, with intoxicants and gambling, and to turn you away from the remembrance of God and from Prayer: Will you not then abstain?” (Qur’an 5:90-91)

‘Aishah narrated that Allah’s Messengerr was asked about Al-Bit, a liquor prepared from honey which the Yemenites used to drink. Allah’s Messenger said: “All drinks that intoxicate are unlawful (to drink).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 492, Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4956)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verse and Hadith, see: Qur’an 2:219 and Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 438.)

Prohibition of Pork

“Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which has been invoked the name of other than Allah…” (Qur’an 5:3)

“Say: ‘I find not in the Message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be dead meat, or blood poured forth, or the flesh of swine; for it is an abomination or what is impious, (meat) on which a name has been invoked other than Allah’s. But (even so), if a person is forced by necessity, without lawful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, your Rabb (Sustainer) is Most Forging, Most Merciful.'” (Qur’an 6:145 also see 16:115)

Prohibition of Making/Having Pictures of Animated Objects

Narrated Ibn Abbas t: … “I heard him (Muhammadr) saying, ‘Whoever makes a picture will be punished by Allah till he puts soul (life) in it, and he will never be able to put soul (life) in it ..’.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 428)

Abu Talhat reported Allah’s Messenger r having said: “Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.” (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 5249)

Avoidance of Smoking

“And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah, and make not your own hands contribute to (your) destruction.” (Qur’an 2:195)

“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: but let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good-will: nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah has been to you Most Merciful! If any do that in rancour and injustice, soon We shall cast him into the Fire: and easy it is for Allah. If you (but) eschew the most heinous of the things which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit your evil deeds, and admit you to a Gate of great honour.” (Qur’an 4:29-31)

Other Forbidden Sources of Income/Business

Abu Maslud Al Ansari t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r forbade taking the price of a dog, money earned by prostitution and the earnings of a soothsayer.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 439)

Proper Slaughtering of Animal for Food

O you people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of Satan for he is to you an avowed enemy… O you people! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah, if it is Him you worship. He has only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name has been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-Forging Most Merciful. (Qur’an 2:168-173)

Shaddad bin Aus t said: “Two are the things which I remember Allah’s Messenger r having said: ‘Verily Allah has enjoined goodness to everything; so when you kill, kill in a good way and when you slaughter, slaughter in a good way. So every one of you should sharpen his knife, and let the slaughtered animal die comfortably.'” (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4810)

(For other relevant verses, see: Qur’an 5:3 and 5:4.)

Planting

Narrated Anas bin Malik t Allah’s Messenger r said: “There is none amongst the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, but is regarded as a charitable gift from him.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3: Hadith 513; Vol. 8 Hadith 41)

Conservation of Resources

“It is He Who produces gardens, with trellises and without, and dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds, and olives and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in variety). Eat of their fruits in their season, but render the dues that are proper on the day that the harvest is gathered. But waste not by excess: for Allah loves not the wasters.” (Qur’an 6:141)

Protection of the Environment

“There is a type of man whose speech about this world’s life may dazzle you. And he calls Allah to witness about what is in his heart; yet he is the most contentious of enemies. When he turns his back, his aim everywhere is to spread mischief through the earth and destroy crops and progeny but Allah loves not mischief. When it is said to him, Fear Allah,” he is led by arrogance to (more) crime. Enough for him is Hell; an evil bed indeed (to lie on)!” (Qur’an 2:204-206)

Protection of Property

‘Abdullah bin ‘Amrt narrated: “I heard the Prophet r saying, ‘Whoever is killed while protecting his property then he is a martyr.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 660)

Sa’id ibn Sayed t narrated that the Prophet r said: “He who is killed while protecting his property is a martyr, and he who is killed while defending his family, or his blood, or his religion is a martyr.” (Abu Dawud 4754)

Moderation/Wise Spending and Avoidance of Extravagance and Extremes

“O you who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which God has made lawful for you, but commit no excess: for God loves not those given to excess.” (Qur’an 5:87)

“O children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: but waste not by excess, for Allah loves not the wasters.” (Qur’an 7:31)

“Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Evil Ones; and the Evil One is to his Rabb (Sustainer) (Himself) ungrateful.” (Qur’an 17:27)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 17:26; 17:29 and 25:63-67)

Discouragement of Miserliness

So he who gives (in charity) and fears (Allah), and (in all sincerity) testifies to the Best, We will indeed make smooth for him the path to Ease. But he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient, and gives the lie to the Best, ¾ We will indeed make smooth for him the Path of Misery; nor will his wealth profit him when he falls headlong (into the Pit). Verily We take upon Us to guide, and verily unto Us (belong) the End and the Beginning. Therefore do I warn you of a Fire blazing fiercely; none shall burn therein but those most unfortunate ones who give the lie to Truth and turn their backs. But those most devoted to Allah shall be removed far from it. Those who spend their wealth for increase in self-purification, and have in their minds no favour from anyone for which a reward is expected in return, but only the desire to seek for the Countenance of their Creator Most High; and soon will they attain (complete) satisfaction. (Qur’an 92:4-21)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Every day two angels come down from Heaven and one of them says, ‘O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in Your cause,’ and the other (angel) says, ‘O Allah! Destroy every miser.'” (Al-Bukhari,Vol. 2 Hadith 522)

(For other relevant Ahadith, see: Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 166; Vol. 2 Hadith 523 and Tirmidhi,1873.)

Encouragement of Self-Sufficiency and Discouragement of Begging

Abu Said Al-Khudri t narrated that some Ansari persons asked for (something) from Allah’s Messenger r and he gave them. They again asked him for (something) and he again gave them. And then again they asked him and he gave them till all that was with him finished. And then he said: “If I had anything, I would not keep it away from you. (Remember) Whoever abstains from asking others, Allah will make him contented, and whoever tries to make himself self-sufficient, Allah will make him self-sufficient. And whoever remains patient, Allah will make him patient. Nobody can be given a blessing better and greater than patience.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 548)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “By Him in Whose Hand my life is, it is better for anyone of you to take a rope and cut the wood (from the forest) and carry it over his back and sell it (as a means of earning his living); rather than to ask a person for something and that person may give him or not.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 549)

Hakim bin Hizam t narrated that the Prophet r said: “The upper hand is better than the lower hand, (I.e., he who gives charity is better than him who takes it). One should start giving first to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is left after his expenses.) And whoever abstains from asking others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save him from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 508)

(For other relevant Hadith, see: Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 509.)

Emphasis and Reward for Hard Work

“That man can have nothing but what he strives for.” (Qur’an 53:39)

“And if any strive (with might and main), they do so for their own souls: for Allah is free of all needs from all creation. Those who believe and work righteous deed, from them shall We blot out all misdeed that they have committed, and We shall reward them according to the best of their deeds.” (Qur’an 29:6-7)

Al-Miqdam t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by working with one’s own hands. The Prophet of Allah, Daud (David), used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 286)

Paying Salaries/Wages of Employees/Laborers on Time

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah says, ‘I will be against three persons of the Day of Resurrection: 1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous; 2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price; and 3. One who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.'” (Al-Bukhari 3:430)

Anast narrated that the Prophet r used to get cupped and would never withhold the wages of any person. (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 480)

Abdullah ibn Umar t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Give the worker his wages before his sweat dries.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 2987 and Ibn Majah)

Value of Time

“By the time, verily man is in loss, except such as have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) in the mutual enjoining of Truth, and of patience and constancy.” (Qur’an 103:1-3)

Ibn ‘Abbas t narrated that Allah’s Messenger said: “There are two blessings which many people lose: (They are) health and free time for doing good..” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 421)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah said: ‘The son of Adam hurts Me by abusing Time, for I am Time; in My Hands are all things and I cause the revolution of night and day.’ ” (Al-Bukhari 6/351; 8/200; 9/583 and Muslim 4/5581)

Traveling

“For We assuredly sent amongst every People a Messenger, (with the Command), ‘Serve Allah, and eschew Evil.’ Of the people were some whom Allah guided, and some on whom Error became inevitably (established). So travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth).” (Qur’an 16:36)

Abu Hurairaht narrated that the Prophet r said: “Traveling is a kind of torture as it prevents one from eating, drinking and sleeping (properly). So when one’s needs are fulfilled, one should return quickly to one’s family.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 31)

Sah bib Sa’d As-Sa’idi t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “To guard Muslims from infidels in Allah’s Cause for one day is better than the world and whatever is on its surface, and a place in Paradise as small as that occupied by the whip of one of you is better than the world and whatever is on its surface; and a morning’s or an evening’s journey which a slave (person) travels in Allah’s Cause is better than the world and whatever is on its surface.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 142)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel for one day and night except with a mahram (her husband or a male close relative with whom she can not marry at all examples: her brother, father, grandfather, etc.).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 194)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verse and Ahadith, see: Qur’an 30:9-10, Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 242 and Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 239.)

Riches/Wealth

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Riches does not mean having a great amount of property, but riches is self-contentment.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 453)

Condition for Change/Development

“Because Allah will never change the Grace which He has bestowed on a people until they change what is in their (own) souls. And verily Allah is He Who hears and knows (all things).” (Qur’an 8:53)

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5 comments on “Islam: Economic Values and Ethics (1)

  1. […] (2) Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur'an and the Authentic Ahadith) Economic Values and Ethics By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya Economic Values and Ethics Fair/Honest Dealing in Trading, Buying and Selling "O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: and fear Allah. For A … Read More […]

  2. […] : The Quran Blog – Enlighten Yourself Etiketler: Economic, Ethics, islam, Values Bu yazı Çarşamba, 23 Haziran 2010, 07:04 […]

  3. […] : Comments for The Quran Blog – Enlighten Yourself Etiketler: Comment, Economic, Ethics, islam, İslamiyet, sitesi, Values Bu yazı Perşembe, 24 […]

  4. Ahmad Qusyairi says:

    SUBHANALLAH! It’s a good article and every muslim has to read this!!! BARAKALLAHU FIKUM WAL MUSLIMIN…

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