Islam: The Complete Way of Life (4) Social Values & Ethics

(4) Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Social Values and Ethics

By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya


Social Values and Ethics

Marriage

“Marry those among you who are single, and the virtuous ones among your slaves, male or female. If they are in poverty, Allah will give them means out of His grace: for Allah is Ample-Giving, and He knows all things.” (Qur’an 24:32)

“Let Those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His Grace…” (Qur’an 24:33)

“And among His Signs is this, that He created for your mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearths). Verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.” (Qur’an 30:21)

Uqbah ibn Amir t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “From among all the conditions which you have to fulfill, the conditions which make it legal for you to have sexual relations (i.e. the marriage contract) have the greatest right to be fulfilled.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 882)

‘Abdullaht narrated: “We were with the Prophet r while we were young and had no wealth whatever. So Allah’s Messenger said:’ “O young people! Whoever among you can marry, should marry, because it helps him lower his gaze and guard his modesty (i.e. his private parts from committing illegal sexual intercourse etc.), and whoever is not able to marry, should fast, as fasting diminishes his sexual power.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 4)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “A woman is married for four things, i.e., her wealth, her family status, her beauty and her religion. So you should marry the religious woman (otherwise) you will be a loser.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 27)

Dower

“And give the women (on marriage) their dower as an obligation; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it and enjoy it with right good and cheer.” (Qur’an 4:4)

“But if you decide to take one wife in place of another, even if you had given the latter a whole treasure for dower, take not the least bit of it back. Would you take it by slander and a manifest sin? And how could you take it when you have gone in unto each other, and they have taken from you a solemn covenant?” (Qur’an 4:20-21)

Conditions for Polygamy

“If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, marry women of your choice, two, three or three, or four. But if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or that which your right hands possess. That will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.” (Qur’an 4:3)

‘Aishah narrated that whenever Allah’s Messenger r wanted to go on a journey, he would draw lots as to which of his wives would accompany him. He would take her whose name came out. He used to fix for each of them a day and a night. But Sauda ibnt Zam’a gave up her (turn) day and night to ‘ Aishah , the wife of the Prophet r in order to seek the pleasure of Allah’s Messenger r (by that action). (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 766)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “When a man has two wives and he is inclined to one of them, he will come on the Day of resurrection with a side hanging down.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 2128)

Prohibition of Adultery and Prostitution

“Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).” (Qur’an 17:32)

“The man and woman guilty of adultery or fornication, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let no compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by God, if you believe in God and the Last Day: and let a party of believers witness their punishment. Let no man guilty of adultery or fornication marry any but a woman similarly guilty, or an unbeliever: nor let any but such a man or an unbeliever marry such a woman: to the believers such a thing is forbidden.” (Qur’an 24:2-3)

Aishah narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “O followers of Muhammad! There is none, who has a greater sense of Ghira (self-respect) than Allah, so He has forbidden that His slave commits illegal sexual intercourse or His slave girl commits illegal sexual intercourse. O followers of Muhammad! If you but knew what I know, you would laugh less and weep more!” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 148)

Ubadah ibn as-Samith t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Receive (teaching) from me, receive (teaching) from me. Allah has ordained a way for those (women). When an unmarried male commits adultery with an unmarried female, (they should receive) one hundred lashes and banishment for one year. And in case of married male committing adultery with a married female, they shall receive one hundred lashes and be stoned to death.” (Muslim Hadith 4191)

Abdullah ibn Abbas t narrated that the Prophet r said: “There is no prostitution in Islam. If anyone practised prostitution in pre-Islamic times, the child will be attributed to the master (of the slave-woman). He who claims his child without a valid marriage or ownership will neither inherit nor be inherited.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 2257)

Modesty

Successful indeed are the Believers, those who humble themselves in their prayers; who avoid vain talk; who are active in giving zakat; who guard their modesty, except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (the captives) whom their right hands possess for (for in their case) they are free from blame. But those whose desires exceed those limits are transgressors. Those who faithfully observe their trusts and their covenants, and who (strictly) guard their prayers; these will be the heirs, who will inherit Paradise. They will dwell therein (forever). (Qur’an 23:1-11)

Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: and Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (ordinarily appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male attendants free of sexual desires. or small children who have no carnal knowledge of women. And that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O you Believers! Turn you all together towards Allah in repentance that you may be successful. (Qur’an 24:30-31)

Saffiyah bint Shaiba narrated that ‘Aishah used to say: “When (the Verse): ‘They should draw their veils over their necks and bosoms,’ was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces.” (Al-Bukhari Vol.6 Hadith 282)

‘Aishah narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah does not accept the prayer of a woman who has reached puberty unless she wears a veil.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 641)

Divorce

For those who take an oath for abstention from their wives, a waiting for four months is ordained. If then they return, Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. But if their intention is firm for divorce Allah hears and knows all things. Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for three monthly periods. And it is not lawful for them to hide what Allah has created in their wombs, if they have faith in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. And women shall have rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable. But men have a degree over them and Allah is Exalted in Power Wise. (Qur’an 2:226-228)

“A divorce is only permissible twice; after that, the parties should either hold together on equitable terms, or separate with kindness. It is not lawful for you (men) to take back any of your gifts (from your wives), except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah…” (Qur’an 2:229)

“For divorced women is a suitable Gift. This is a duty on the righteous. Thus does Allah make clear His Signs to you: in order that you may understand.” (Qur’an 2:241; also see 2:230-240)

Muharib t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah did not make anything lawful more abominable to Him than divorce.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 2174)

Respect and Kindness to Women

“For divorced women is a suitable gift. This is a duty on the righteous.” (Qur’an 2:241)

“O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should you treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the dower you have given them, except where they have been guilty of open lewdness. On the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity if you take a dislike to them it may be that you dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.” (Qur’an 4:19)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah ‘s Messenger r said: “Treat women nicely, for a women is created from a rib. And the most curved portion of the rib is its upper portion. So, if you should try to straighten it, it will break, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked. So treat women nicely.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 548)

Kindness to Wife

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Among the Muslims the most perfect, as regards his faith, is the one whose character is excellent, and the best among you are those who treat their wives well.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 628, 278 and 3264 and Abu Dawud)

Woman’s Obligations to Her Husband

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “It is not lawful for a lady to fast (Nawafil) without the permission of her husband when he is at home. She should not allow anyone to enter his house except with his permission. And if she spends of his wealth (on charitable purposes) without being ordered by him, he will get half of the reward.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 123)

Talq ibn Ali t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “When a man calls his wife to satisfy his desire she must go to him even if she is occupied at the oven.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 3257)

Abu Umamah t narrated that the Prophet r used to say, “After fear of Allah a believer gains nothing better for himself than a good wife who obeys him if he gives her a command, pleases him if he looks at her, is true to him if he adjures her to do something, and is sincere towards him regarding her person and his property if he is absent.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 3095 and Ibn Majah)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: Had it been permissible that a person may prostrate himself before another, I would have ordered that a wife should prostrate herself before her husband.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 285)

Thawban t narrated that… the Prophet r said: “The best property is a tongue which mentions Allah, a grateful heart, and a believing wife who helps a man with his faith.” (Tirmidhi, 2275; Ahmad, and Ibn Majah)

Love and Care for Children

“Say: ‘Come, I will rehearse what Allah has (really) prohibited you from’: join not anything with Him: Be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want. We provide sustenance for you and for them. Come not nigh to indecent deeds, whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. Thus does He command you, that you may learn wisdom.” (Qur’an 6:151)

“Kill not your children for fear of want. We shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you. Verily the killing of them is a great sin.” (Qur’an 17:31)

Narrated ‘Amirt: “I heard An-Numan bin Bashir… Allah’s Messenger r said: ‘Be afraid of Allah, and be just to your children….'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 52)

‘Aishah the wife of Allah’s Messenger r said: “A woman came to me along with her two daughters. She asked me for (charity) but she found nothing with me except one date, so I gave her that. She accepted it and then divided it between her two daughters and herself ate nothing out of that. She then got up and went out, and so did her two daughters. Allah’s Messenger visited me and I narrated to him her story. There upon Allah’s Messenger said: “He who is involved (in the responsibility) of bringing up) daughters, and he accords benevolent treatment towards them, there would be protection for him against Hell-Fire.'” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6362)

Malik t reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “He who brought up two girls properly till they grew up, he and I would come (together very closely) on the Day of Resurrection.” And he interlaced his fingers (for explaining the point of nearness between him and that person.). (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6364)

Kindness to the Family, Parents, Relatives, Orphans, the Poor, the Needy, and the Weak

“…Treat with kindness your parents and kindred, and orphans and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in prayer; and give zakat…” (Qur’an 2:83)

“To those weak of understanding give not your property which Allah has assigned to you to manage, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice.” (Qur’an 4:5)

“Serve Allah, and join not any partners with Him; and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are of kin, neighbours who are strangers, the companions by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and what your right hands possess: for Allah loves not the arrogant, vainglorious.” (Qur’an 4:36)

“And come not high to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice. No burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear. Whenever you speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil the Covenant of Allah. Thus does He command you, that you may remember.” (Qur’an 6:152)

“Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose departure have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah; and for the wayfarer. (Thus is it) ordained by Allah. And Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.” (Qur’an 9:60)

“Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want and those who have left their homes in Allah’s cause. Let them forgive and overlook, do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 24:22)

And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), “Show gratitude to Me and to your parents: to Me is (your final) Goal.” But if they strive to make you join in worship with Me things of which you have no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to Me. In the End the return of you all is to Me. And I will tell you all that you did. (Qur’an 31:14-15)

“We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents in pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth.” (Qur’an 46:15)

Abu Mas’ud t narrated that the Prophet r said: “If a man spends on his family with the intention of having a reward from Allah, sincerely for Allah’s sake, then it is a (kind on alms-giving (in reward) for him.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 52)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that a man came to Allah’s Messenger r and said: “O Allah’s Messenger r! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me?” The Prophet r said: “Your mother.” The man said: “Who is next?” The Prophet r said: “Your mother.” The man further said: “Who is next?” The Prophet r said: “Your mother.” The man asked (for the fourth time), “Who is next?” The Prophet r said: “Your father.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 2; Muslim Vol. 4Hadith 6180-6183)

Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari t narrated that the Prophet r said: “When a Muslim spends something on his family intending to receive Allah’s Reward, it is regarded as sadaqa (act of charity) for him.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 263)

Jubair bin Mut’im t narrated that he heard the Prophet r saying, “Al-Qati’ (the person who severs the bond of kinship) will not enter paradise.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 13; Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6199-6200)

Abu Hurairah t narrated: “I heard Allah’s Messenger r saying, ‘Whoever is pleased that he be granted more wealth and that his lease of life be prolonged, then he should keep good relations with his kith and kin.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 14)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, and Ahadith see: Qur’an 17:23-24, 29:8; 90:12-19, Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 4 and Hadith 18)

Kind Treatment to the Friends of One’s Parents

‘Abdullah bin Umart reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “The finest act of goodness is that a person should treat kindly the loved ones of his father.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6193 also Vol. 4 Hadith 6192)

Protection Given to the Orphans and Widows

“To orphans restore their property (when they reach their age), nor substitute (your) worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by mixing it up) with your own. For this is indeed a great sin.” (Qur’an 4:2)

“And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength…” (Qur’an 6:152)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “The one who looks after a widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid (warrior) who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like one who offers salat (prayers) all the night and observes sawm (fast) all the day.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 265)

Sahl bin Sa’id t narrated that the Prophet r said: “I and the person who looks after an orphan and provides for him, will be in Paradise like this.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 34)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses see: 4:6 and 4:127.)

Kindness/Good Treatment to Neighbours

‘Aishah narrated that the Prophet r said: “Jibrael (Gabriel) continued to recommend me about treating the neighbours kindly and politely, so much so that I thought he would order me to make them as my heirs.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 43 and Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6354-6356)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe!” It was said: “Who is that, O Allah’s Messenger?” He said: “That person whose neighbour does not feel safe from his evil.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 45)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should not harm his neighbour. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should entertain his guest generously. And whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should talk what is good or keep quiet.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 47)

Kindness to People and Animals

‘Aishah (radiallahu anha) narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “‘Aishah, verily Allah is kind and He loves kindness and confers upon kindness, which he does not confer upon severity and does not confer upon anything else besides it (kindness).” (Muslim,6273)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “There are one hundred (parts of) mercy of Allah. He has sent down out of these one part of mercy upon the jinn and human beings and the insects. It is because of this (one part) that they love one another, show kindness to one another and even the beast treats its young one with affection. And Allah has reserved ninety-nine parts of mercy with which He would treat His servants on the Day of Resurrection.” (Muslim, 6631)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “While a man was walking he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said: ‘This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he (went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave him.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Messengerr! Is there a reward for us in serving (the) animals?” He r replied, “Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 551; Vol. 8 Hadith 38)

Sahl ibn Al-Hanzaliyyah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r came upon an emaciated camel and said: “Fear Allah regarding these dumb animals. Ride them when they are in good condition and feed them when they are in good condition.” (Abu Dawud 2542)

Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Every act of kindness is sadaqah, (charity) and kindness includes meeting your brother with a cheerful face and pouring water from bucket into your brother’s vessel.” (Tirmidhi, 1910 and Ahmad)

‘Abdullah ibn Abbas t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r forbade inciting animals to fight with one another.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 4103 and AbuDawud)

Ali ibn Abu Talib t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “One Muslim should do six acts of kindness to another: He should greet him when he meets him; accept his invitation when he gives one; say ‘Allah have mercy on you’ when he sneezes; visit him when he is ill; follow his bier when he dies; and like for him what he likes for himself.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 4643 and Darimi)

(For other relevant Ahadith see: Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 449, Hadith 421; Muslim Hadith 5281, 6274, Tirmidhi Hadith 3024, Abu Dawud Hadith 1668, Tirmidhi Hadith 4925 and Ibn Majah)

Universal Unity and Brotherhood

“Be not like those who are divided amongst themselves and fall into disputations after receiving Clear Signs; for them is a dreadful Chastisement.” (Qur’an 3:105)

“The Believers, men and women, are protectors, one to another. They enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil. They observe regular prayers, pay zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.” (Qur’an 9:71)

Bin Umart narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfil his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 622)

An-Numan bin Bashir t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 40)

Abu Musat narrated that the Prophet r said: “A believer for another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.” The Prophet r then clasped his hands with the fingers interlaced. (At that time) the Prophet was sitting and a man came and begged or asked for something. The Prophet r faced us and said: “Help and recommend him and you will receive the reward for it, and Allah will bring about what He wills through his Prophet’s tongue.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 55)

Nu’man bin Bashir t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “The believers are like one person; if his head aches, the whole body aches with fever and sleeplessness.” (Muslim Vol. 4Hadith 6260)

Abu Musa t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “A believer is like a brick for another believer, the one supporting the other.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6257; Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 626)

Anas Bin Malik t narrated that the Prophet r said: “None of you will have faith till he likes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 12)

Respect to Non-Muslims (People of the Book)

“This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you. The food of the people of the Book (the Jews and the Christians) is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them. (Lawful unto you n marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers, but chaste women among the People of the Book, revealed before your time, when you give them their due dowers, and desire chastity, not lewdness. Taking them as lovers. If any one rejects faith, fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good). (Qur’an 5:5)

“And dispute not with the People of the Book, except in the best way; unless it be with those of them who do wrong but say, “We believe in the Revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; our God and your God is One; and it is to Him we submit (in Islam).'” (Qur’an 29:46)

“Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loves those who are just. Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them ) in these circumstances), that do wrong.” (Qur’an 60:8-9)

Respect to All Foreign Delegates

Sa’id bin Jubair t narrated that he heard Ibn Abbas … said: “When the condition (health) of Allah’s Messenger r deteriorated,…The prophet r ordered them to do three things saying, ‘Turn out all the pagans from the Arabian Peninsula, show respect to all foreign delegates by giving them gifts as I used to do.’ The sub-narrator added, “The third order was something beneficial which either Ibn Abbas did not mention or he mentioned but I forgot.” (Al-Bukhari Vol.4 Hadith 393)

Etiquette of Social Interaction/Speaking

“When a (courteous) greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes a careful account of all things.” (Qur’an 4:86)

“Allah does not love the utterance of evil words in public except by one who has been wronged. Allah is He Who hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an 4:148)

“…Whenever you speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil the Covenant of Allah. Thus does He command you that you may remember.” (Qur’an 6:152).

“Say to My servants that they should (only) say those things that are best: for Satan does sow dissension among them: for Satan is to man an avowed enemy.” (Qur’an 17:53)

“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those who bow in Islam’?” (Qur’an 41:33)

“And he who brings the Truth and he who confirms (and supports) it—such are the men who do right. They shall have all that they wish for, with their Rabb (Sustainer). Such is the reward of those who do good: so that Allah will remit from them (even) the worst in their deeds and give them their reward according to the best of what they have done.” (Qur’an 39:33-35)

“O you who believe! Why say you that which you do not? Grievously hateful is it in the sight of Allah that you say that which you do not.” (Qur’an 61: 2-3)

Abdullah bin Amr t narrated that a man asked the Prophet r, “Whose Islam is good or what sort of deeds (or what qualities) of Islam are good.” The Prophet r replied, “To feed (others) and to greet those whom you know and those whom you do not know.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 11)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r, said: “The young should greet the old, the passer-by should greet the sitting one, and the small group of persons should greet the large group of persons.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8Hadith 250)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r, said: “A slave (of Allah) may utter a word which pleases Allah without giving it much importance, and because of that Allah will raise him to degrees (of reward); a slave (of Allah) may utter a word (carelessly) which displeases Allah without thinking of its gravity, and because of that he will be thrown into the Hell-Fire.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 482)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the last day should talk what is good or keep quiet; and whoever believes in Allah and the last day should not hurt (or insult his neighbour; and whoever believes in Allah and the last day should entertain his guest generously.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 485; Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4286)

 


 

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2 comments on “Islam: The Complete Way of Life (4) Social Values & Ethics

  1. […] : The Quran Blog – Enlighten Yourself Etiketler: Complete, Ethics, islam, Life, Social, Values Bu yazı Çarşamba, 23 Haziran 2010, […]

  2. Ameen muhammed thaariq says:

    Alhamdulillah.Thank you very much. may Allmighty ALLAH continues to guide and bless you.pls i will like to get information on:The political yalues in the Qur’an if reference is made to Prophet Dawud(A.S) and Prophet Sulaiman(A.S).

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