Aims of Shariah (PPP)

Aims of Shariiah

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Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Conclusion)

Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Conclusion

By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya


Conclusion

This compilation, although far from being complete, proves that Islam as the perfect religion for the whole mankind is indeed complete. Allah the Almighty has chosen Islam as the only religion acceptable to Him. Islam is the best way of life for all. It guides mankind in all aspects of life be it physical, material or economic, social, cultural, educational, political, legal, religious and spiritual, and the like. It serves as the best solution to all sorts of problems no matter how perplexing they are. Islam is the absolute answer to those who go for a perfect religion and a complete way of life. It guides us to a well-balanced life, one that makes us happy and contented in this world and most especially in the life Hereafter. It is the right way to supreme success in the everlasting world to come. In short, Islam as the complete way for all is Allah’s mercy to the whole mankind.

Islam: The Complete Way of Life (5-3) Religious & Spiritual Values

(5-3) Religious and Spiritual Values (Part 3)

By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya

Some Forbidden Conducts:

“…For Allah loves not the arrogant, the vainglorious, (nor) those who are niggardly, enjoin niggardliness on others, hide the bounties which Allah has bestowed on them; for We have prepared, for those who resist Faith, a punishment that steeps them in contempt; nor those who spend of their substance, to be seen of men, and have no faith in Allah and the Last Day. If any take the Satan for their intimate, what a dreadful intimate he is!” (Qur’an 4:36-38)

“And be not like those who forgot Allah; and He made them forget themselves! Such are the rebellious transgressors!” (Qur’an 8:19)

“Allah… forbids all indecent deeds, and evil and rebellion. He instructs you, that you may receive

admonition.” (Qur’an 16:90)

“…And seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who do mischief.” (Qur’an 28:77)

“Those who slander chaste, indiscreet and believing women are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter. For them is a grievous Chastisement.” (Qur’an 24:23)

“And swell not your cheek (for pride) at men. Nor walk in insolence through the earth: for Allah loves not any arrogant boaster.” (Qur’an 31:18)

“O You who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others. It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former). Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former). Nor defame not be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames. Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed. And those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong.” (Qur’an 49:11)

“O You who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin. And spy not one each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, you would abhor it… But fear Allah: for Allah is Most Returning, Most merciful.” (Qur’an 49: 12)

“Obey not every mean swearer, a slanderer, going about with calumnies, (habitually) hindering (all) good), transgressing beyond bounds, deep in sin, violent (and cruel), with all that of a doubtful birth, because he possesses wealth and (numerous) sons. Woe to him are rehearsed Our Signs, “Tales of the Ancients”, he cries! Soon shall We brand (the beast) on the snout!” (Qur’an 68:10-16)

Anas bin Malik t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Whenever anyone of you is in prayer, he is speaking in private to his Rabb (Sustainer) and so he should neither spit in front of him nor on his right side but to his left side under his left foot.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 305)

Ibn Abbas t narrated that the Prophet r said: “One who takes back his gift which he has already given) is like a dog that swallows its vomit.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 762)

Al-Bara bin ‘Azibt narrated that the Prophet r forbade us (men) to use seven things. He forbade using gold rings, silk, Istabraq (kind of silk), Dibaj (also silk), red Mayathir (luxurious cushions), Al-Qassiy (garments decorated with silk), and silver utensils…” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 753)

Al-Mughira t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah has forbidden you to be undutiful to your mothers, to withhold (what you should give) or demand (what you do not deserve), and to bury your daughters alive. And Allah has disliked that you talk too much about others, ask too many questions (in religion), or waste your property.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 6)

‘Aishah(Radhiallahu anha) narrated that the Prophet r said: “The most hated person in the sight of Allah is the most quarrelsome person.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 637)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of false tales. Do not look for the others’ faults and do not spy, and do not be jealous of one another. Do not desert (cut your relation with) one another. Do not hate one another. And O Allah’s worshippers! Be brothers (as Allah has ordered you!)” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 90 and Muslim 4:6214-6218)

Abu Ayub Al-Ansari t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “It is not lawful for a man to desert his brother (Muslim) for more than three nights. (It is unlawful for them that) when they meet, one of them turns away his face from the other, and the other turns his face from the former, and the better of the two will be the one who greets the other first.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith:100)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 135 and Muslim 4:6311-6314)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that a man said to the Prophet r “Advise me!” The Prophet r said: “Do not be angry and furious.” The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet r said in each case, “Do not be angry and furious.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 137)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “If somebody fights (or beats somebody) then he should avoid the face.” (Al-Bukhari 3:734 and Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6321)

Abu Mas’ud t narrated that the Prophet r said: “One of the sayings of the early Prophets which the people have got is: ‘If you don’t feel ashamed, then do whatever you like.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 141)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “A believer is not stung twice (by something) of one and the same hole.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 154)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “Do you know what is backbiting?” They (the Companions) said: “Allah and His Messenger r know best.” Thereupon he r said: “Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which he does not like.” It was said to him: “What is your opinion about this that if I actually find (that failing) in my brother which I made mention of?” He said: “If (that failing) is actually found (in him) what you assert, you in fact, backbite him, and if that is not it is a slander.” (Muslim Vol. 4Hadith 6265)

Abu Hurairah t reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “The worst amongst the people is the double-faced one; he comes to some people with one face and to others with the other face.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6300, see also 6301-6302)

Ibn Umar t reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “No person should ask another person to stand at his place and then he should himself sit there, but he should simply say: ‘Make room and accommodate.'” (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith5409)

Allah’s Messenger r said: “It is not legal for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more than three days for any dead person except her husband, for whom she should mourn for four months and ten days.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 370)

Ibn ‘Abbast narrated that the Prophet r cursed effeminate men (those men who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of women and those women who assume the manners of men) and he said: “Turn them out of your houses.” The Prophet r turned out such and such man, and Umar turned out such and such woman. (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 774)

(For other relevant Ahadith, see: Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6351, Muslim Vol. 3, Hadith 4813 and Hadith 5237.)

Some Major Sins:

“The Hypocrites, men and women, are alike. They enjoin evil, and forbid what is just, and tighten their purse’s strings. They have forgotten Allah: so He has forgotten them. Verily the Hypocrites are rebellious and perverse. Allah has promised the Hypocrites men and women and the rejecters of Faith, the fire of Hell. Therein shall they dwell. Sufficient is it for them. For them is the curse of Allah and an enduring punishment.” (Qur’an 9:68-69)

‘Ubada bin As-Samit t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said while a group of his companions were around him, “Give me the Bai’a (pledge) for: 1. Not to join anything in worship along with Allah, 2. not to steal, 3. not to commit illegal sexual intercourse, 4. not to kill your children, 5. not to utter slander intentionally forging falsehood, 6. not to be disobedient (when ordered to do all good deeds) (The Prophet added): “Whoever amongst you fulfils his pledge will be rewarded by Allah and whoever indulges in anyone of these (sins) gets the punishment in this world, that punishment will be an expiation for that sin. And if one indulges in any of them, and Allah conceals (his sin), it is up to Him to forgive or punish him (in the Hereafter).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 17)

‘Abdullah bin Amr t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Whoever has (these) four qualities is a hypocrite, and whoever has any one of them has one quality of hypocrisy until he gives it up. These are: whenever he talks, he tells a lie; whenever he makes a promise, he breaks it; whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous; and whenever he quarrels, he behaves impudently in an evil insulting manner.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 639)

Anas bin Malik t narrated from the Messenger r about the major sins. He (the Prophet) said… Associating anyone with Allah, disobedience to parents, killing a person and false utterance. (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 159)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “The signs of a hypocrite are three: 1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie. 2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise). 3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keep something as a trust with him, he will not return it.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 32)

Wathila bin Al-Asqa t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Verily, one of the worst lies is to claim falsely to be the son of someone other than one’s real father, or to claim to have had a dream one has not had, or to attribute to me what I have not said..” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 712)

Abu Bakra t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Shall I not inform you of the biggest of the great sins? We said: “Yes, O Allah’s Messenger.” He said “To join partners in worship with Allah; to be undutiful to one’s parents.” The Prophet r sat up after he had been reclining and added, “And I warn you against giving forged statement and a false witness; I warn you against giving forged statement and a false witness.” The Prophet r kept on saying that warning till we thought that he would not stop.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 7)

Abdullah bin Mas’ud t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter Paradise. A person (amongst his hearers) said: Verily a person loves that his dress should be fine, and his shoes should be fine. He (the Prophet) remarked: Verily Allah is Graceful and He loves Grace. Pride is disdaining the truth (out of self-conceit) and contempt for the people.” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 164)

Abdullah bin Umar t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “He who took arms against us is not of us.” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 179)

Abdullah bin Mas’ud reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger r said: “He who deliberately attributes a lie to me, let him seek his abode in the Hell-fire.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 30)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses and Ahadith, see: (Also 4:142, 145, 8:49, 33:48, 48:6, Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 711, Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 82, Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith189, and Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 5193.)

Good versus Evil

“Whatever good, (O man!) happens to you is from Allah. But whatever evil happens to you is from yourself and We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a Messenger to (instruct) mankind. And enough is Allah for a witness.” (Qur’an 4:79)

“Whoever intercedes in a good cause becomes a partner therein. And whoever recommends and helps an evil cause, shares in its burden. And Allah has power over all things.” (Qur’an 4:85)

“Say: ‘Not equal are things that are bad and things that are good, even though the abundance of the bad may dazzle you. So fear Allah, O you that understand; so that you may prosper.'” (Qur’an 5:100)

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah t that the Messenger of Allah said: “The Great and the Glorious Rabb (Sustainer) said (to angels): ‘Whenever My bondsman intends to commit an evil, do not record it against him, but if he actually commits it, then write it as one evil. And when he intends to do good but does not do it, then take it down as one act of goodness, but if he does it, then write down ten good deeds (in his record).'” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 233)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see:, 4:149 and 40:58.)

Virtue versus Vice

Nawwas bin Sim’an Al-Ansari t reported: “I asked Allah’s Messenger r about virtue and vice. Her said: ‘Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your heart that you disapprove that people should come to know of it.'” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 6195)

Repentance/Asking Allah’s Forgiveness

“Allah accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards; to them will Allah turn in mercy; for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom. Of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil, until death faces one of them, and he says, ‘Now have I repented indeed.’ Nor of those who die rejecting Faith: for them have We prepared a chastisement most grievous.” (Qur’an 4:17-18)

“(And to preach thus), ‘Seek the forgiveness of your Rabb (Sustainer), and turn to Him in repentance; that He may grant you enjoyment, good (and true), for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding grace on all who abound in merit! But if you turn away, then I fear for you the Chastisement of a Great Day.'” (Qur’an 11:3)

“O you who believe! Fear, Allah, and believe in His Messenger, and He will bestow on you a double portion of His Mercy: He will provide for you a Light by which you shall walk (straight in your path), and He will forgive you (your past); for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 57:28)

Ibn Abbast narrated that he heard the Prophet r saying, “If the son of Adam (the human being) had two valleys of money, he would wish for a third, for nothing can fill the belly of Adam’s son except dust, and Allah forgives him who repents to Him.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 444)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 3: 134-136, 9:104, 57:21and 66:8.)

Obligation to Acquire and Teach Islamic Knowledge

“.
. . Read, therefore, of the Qur’an as much as may be easy (for you)… Read … and establish regular Prayer and give zakat and loan to Allah a Beautiful Loan. And whatever good you send forth for your souls, you shall find it in Allah’s Presence. Yeah, better and greater, in Reward . . .” (Qur’an 73:20)

“Those to whom We have given the Book study it as it should be studied: they are the ones that believe therein: those who reject faith therein the loss is their own.” (Qur’an 2:121)

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘This is my Way; I do invite unto Allah with a certain knowledge. I and whoever follows me (must also invite others to Allah, Oneness of Allah with sure knowledge). Glory to Allah! and I am not of the polytheists.'” (Qur’an 12: 108)

“…Allah will raise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and have been granted Knowledge. And Allah is well-acquainted with all you do.” (Qur’an 58:11)

“He grants wisdom to whom He pleases; and he to whom wisdom is granted receives indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the Message but men of understanding.” (Qur’an 2: 269)

Mu’awiya t narrated in a sermon that he heard Allah’s Messenger r saying, “If Allah wants to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just a distributor, but the grant is from Allah. (And remember that) this nation (true Muslims) will keep on following Allah’s teachings strictly and they will not be harmed by any one going on a different path till Allah’s order (Day of Judgement) is established.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 71)

‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Do not wish to be like anyone except in two cases. (The first is) A person whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it righteously; (the second is) the one whom Allah has given wisdom (the Holy Qur’an ) and he acts according to it and teaches it to others.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 73 and 255)

Uthman bin Affan t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The most excellent amongst you is he who acquires knowledge of the Qur’an and then passes it on (to others).” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 212)

Ali bin Abu Talib t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whoso recites the Qur’an commits it to his memory and complies with it, Allah will enter him in the Paradise, and will grant him His intercession regarding ten members of His household, all of them deserving the Hell-Hire.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 216)

Ibn Abbas t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “One single scholar of Religion is more formidable against the Devil than one thousand devout persons.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 222)

Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Goodness is a (natural) habit while the evil is a stubbornness. To whomsoever Allah wills to show goodness, He favours him with the understanding in the Religion.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 221)

Anas bin Malik t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Seeking of knowledge is incumbent upon every Muslim and he who imparts knowledge to the persons who do not deserve it, is like him who puts on a necklace of pearls, jewels and gold around the necks of swine.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 224)

Abdullah bin Qatada t reported on his father’s authority that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The best of what a man leaves behind (after his death) are three things: A pious son who invokes blessings upon him; a sadaqa (charity), which continues (even after his death) and its rewards benefits him; and the knowledge that is acted upon after him.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 241)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verse, see: 39:18, 17:36, Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 75), Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 223 and Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 239.)

Enjoining the Right and Forbidding the Wrong

“You (the Muslims) are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah.” (Qur’an 3:110)

“Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: they are the ones to attain felicity.” (Qur’an 3:104)

“O my son! (said Luqman)! Establish regular prayer, enjoin what is just, and forbid what is wrong: and bear with patient constancy whatever betide you; for this is firmness (of purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs.” (Qur’an 31:17)

“Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong; they are the ones to attain felicity. Be not like those who are divided amongst themselves and fall into disputations after receiving Clear Signs; for them is a dreadful Chastisement.” (Qur’an 3:104-105)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whoever guides somebody to what is good will have a reward similar to the rewards of the doer of that good deed to whom he has guided to it.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6470, Abu Daud and Tirmidhi)

“Be patient till you face them (i.e., the infidels) and invite them to Islam and inform them of what Allah has enjoined upon them by Allah. By Allah! If a single person embraces Islam at your hands (i.e., through you) that will be better for you than the red camels.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 192 and Vol. 5 Hadith 51)

Balance Between Material and Spiritual Life

“It is no crime in you if you seek of the bounty of your Rabb (Sustainer) (during pilgrimage). Then when you pour down from (Mount) Arafat, celebrate the praises of Allah at the Sacred Monument, and celebrate His praises as He has directed you even Though, before this you went astray.” (Qur’an 2:198)

“Our Rabb (Sustainer)! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter. And save us from the torment of the Fire!” (Qur’an 2:201)

“But seek with the wealth which Allah has bestowed on you, the Home of the Hereafter, nor forget your portion in this World: But do good, as Allah has been good to you, and seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: for Allah loves not those who do mischief.” (Qur’an 28:77)

“And when the prayer is finished, then may you disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of Allah: and remember Allah frequently that you may prosper.” (Qur’an 62:10)

‘Abdullah bin Jabir t narrated that he heard Allah’s Messenger r said: “There is an hour during the night in which no Muslim individual will ask Allah for good in this world and the next without His giving it to him; and that applies to every night.” (Muslim Hadith 1654)

‘Abdullah bin As-Sa’ib t narrated that he heard Allah’s Messenger r said: “Between the two corners, ‘O Allah, bring us a blessing in this world and a blessing in the next and guard us from punishment of Hell.'” (Abu Dawud 1887)

Eternal Life in the Hereafter Versus the Temporary Life in this World

“Nothing is the life of this world but play and amusement, but best is the Home in the Hereafter, for those who are righteous, will you not then understand?” (Qur’an 6:32)

“Allah does enlarge, or grant by (strict) measure, the sustenance (which He gives) to whom so He pleases — (the worldly) rejoice in the life of this world. But the life of this world is but little comfort compared to the Hereafter.” (Qur’an 13:26)

Mujahidt narrated that according to Abdullah bin Umart Allah’s Messenger r took hold of his shoulder and said: “Be in this world as if you were stranger or a traveller.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 425)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses and Hadith see: Qur’an 3:14-19, 57:20 and Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 425.)

Death and the Dead

“Every soul shall have a taste of death: and on the Day of Judgement shall you be paid your full recompense. Only he who is saved far from the Fire and admitted to the Garden will have succeeded: for the life of this world is but goods and chattels of deception.” (Qur’an 3:185)

“Wherever you are, death will find you out, even if you are in towers built up strong and high! …” (Qur’an 4:78)

“O you who believe! When death approaches any of you, (take) witnesses among yourselves when making bequest, ¾ two just men of your own (brotherhood) or others from outside if you are journeying through the earth, and the chance of death befalls you (thus)…” (Qur’an 5:106)

‘Aishah (Radhiallahu anha) narrated that the Prophet r said: “Don’t abuse the dead, because they have reached the result of what they forwarded.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 476)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Allah says ‘I have nothing to give but Paradise as a reward to my believer slave, who, if I cause his dear friend (or relative) to die, will be patient (and hope for Allah’s Reward).'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 432)

Abu Hurairaht narrated that Allah’s Messengerr said: “None of you should long for death, for if he is a good- doer, he may increase his good deeds, and if he is an evil-doer, he may stop the evil deeds and repent.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith 341)

Day of Judgement

“We shall set up scales of justice for the day of Judgement, so that not a soul will be dealt with unjustly in the least. And if there be (no more than) the weight of a mustard seed, We shall bring it (to account). And enough are We to take account.” (Qur’an 21:47)

“And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne (Divine) on all sides, singing Glory and Praise to their Rabb (Sustainer). The decision between them (at Judgement) will be in (perfect) justice, and the cry (on all sides) will be, ‘Praise be to Allah, the Rabb (Sustainer) of the Worlds!'” (Qur’an 39:75)

“The Day wherein they will (all) come forth. Not a single thing concerning them is hidden from Allah. Whose will be the Dominion that Day? That of Allah, the One, the Overpowering! That Day will every soul be requited for what it earned; no injustice will there be that Day, for Allah is Swift in taking account.” (Qur’an 40:16-17)

“Verily that which are promised is true; and verily Judgement and Justice will surely come to pass.” (Qur’an 51:5-6)

‘Abdullah bin Umar t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “When anyone of you dies, he is shown his place both in the morning and in the afternoon. If he is one of the people of Paradise; he is shown his place in it. And if he is from the people of the Hell-Fire; he is shown his place therein.. Then it is said to him, ‘This is your place till Allah resurrect you on the day of Resurrection.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 461)

Prophet’s Intercession on the Day of Judgement

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The luckiest person who will have my intercession will be the one who said sincerely from the bottom of his heart “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.”. (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 98)

Paradise versus Hell-Fire

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The (Hell) Fire is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions, while Paradise is surrounded by all kinds of disliked undesirable things.” (i.e., Inordinate desires and animalistic passions lead to the Fire while self-control, perseverance, chastity and all other virtues, and the obedience to Allah and His Messenger lead to Paradise. What leads to Hell is easy to do while what leads to Paradise is difficult to do.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 494)

Hell-Fire

“Those who reject Our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire; as often as their skins are roasted through. We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the Chastisement: for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.” (Qur’an 4:56)

“And you will see the Sinners that day bound together in fetters ¾ their garments of liquid pitch, and their faces covered with Fire; that Allah may requite each soul according to its deserts. And verily, Allah is Swift in calling to account.” (Qur’an 14:49-51)

“. . . But those who deny (their God) ¾ for them will be cut out a garment of Fire: over their heads will be poured out boiling water. With it will be scalded what is within their bodies, as well as (their) skins. In addition there will be maces of iron (to punish) them. Every time they wish to get away there from, from anguish, they will be forced back therein, and (it will be said), ‘Taste you the Penalty of Burning!'” (Qur’an 22:19-22)

“As to those who are rebellious and wicked, their abode will be the Fire: every time they wish to get away therefrom, they will be forced thereunto, and it will be said to them: ‘Taste you the Penalty of the Fire, the which you were wont to reject as false.'” (Qur’an 32:20)

“. . . But for the wrongdoers will be an evil place of (final) Return! Hell! They will burn therein an evil bed (indeed to lie on)! Yea, such!– Then shall they taste it a boiling fluid, and a fluid dark, murky, intensely cold and other Penalties of a similar kind, to match them!” (Qur’an 38:55-58)

Anuman ibn Bashir t narrated that he heard the Prophet r saying, “The least punished person of the people of the (Hell) Fire on the Day of Resurrection will be a man under whose arch of the feet two smouldering embers will be placed. Because of which his brain will boil just like Al-Mirjal (copper vessel) or a Qum-qum (narrow-necked vessel) is boiling with water.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8,Hadith 567)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Your (ordinary) fire is one of 70 parts of the (Hell) Fire.” Someone asked, “O Allah’s Messengerr! This (ordinary) fire would have been sufficient (to torture the non-believers).” Allah’s Messenger r said: “The (Hell) Fire has 69 parts more than the ordinary (worldly) fire, each part is as hot as this (worldly) fire.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 487 and Muslim)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 14:16-17, 36:63-64, 39:32 and 39:71-72.)

Paradise

“But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness. We shall soon admit them to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath, to dwell therein forever. Allah’s promise is the truth, and whose word can be truer than Allah’s?” (Qur’an 4:122)

“Allah has promised to Believers, men and women, Gardens under which rivers flow to dwell therein and beautiful mansions in Gardens of everlasting stay but the greatest bliss is the Good Pleasure of Allah: that is the supreme triumph.” (Qur’an 9:72)

“But Allah does call to the Home of Peace: He does guide whom He pleases to a Way that is straight. To those who do right is a goodly (reward) ¾ Yea, more (than in measure)! No darkness nor shame shall cover their faces! They are Companions of the Garden; they will abide therein (for aye)!” (Qur’an 10:25-26)

“The righteous will be amid Gardens and fountains of clear-flowing water. (Their greeting will be): ‘Enter you here in Peace and Security.’ And We shall remove from their departure any lurking sense of injury: (they will be) brothers (joyfully) facing each other on raised couches.” (Qur’an 15:45-47)

Except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness: for these will enter the Garden and will not be wronged in the least ¾ Gardens of Eternity, those which (Allah) Most Gracious has promised to His servants in the Unseen: for His promise must (necessarily) come to pass. They will not there hear any vain discourse, but only salutations of Peace: And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening. Such is the Garden which We give as an inheritance to those of Our Servants who guard against evil. (Qur’an 19:60-63)

“Verily the Companions of the Garden shall that Day have joy in all that they do. They and their associates will be in pleasant shade, reclining on raised couches; (every) fruit will be there for them; they shall have whatever they call for; ‘Peace!’ ¾ a Word (of salutation) from a Rabb (Sustainer) Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 36:55-58)

“As to the Righteous (they will be) in a position of Security, among Gardens and Springs; dressed in fine silk and rich brocade, they will face each other; moreover, We shall wed them to maidens with beautiful, big, and lustrous eyes. There can they call for every kind of fruit in peace and security; nor will they there taste Death, except the first Death; and He will preserve them from the Chastisement of the Blazing Fire as a Bounty from your Rabb (Sustainer)! That will be the supreme achievement!” (Qur’an 44:51-55)

And the Garden will be brought nigh to the Righteous, ¾ no more a thing distant. (A voice will say:) ‘This is what was promised for you for every penitent heedful one, who feared the Most Gracious unseen, and brought a heart turned in devotion (to Him): Enter you therein in Peace and Security; this is a Day of Eternal Life!’ There will be for them therein all that they wish’ and there is more with us. (Qur’an 50:31-35)

And those foremost (in Faith) will be foremost (in the Hereafter). These will be those nearest to Allah in the Gardens of Bliss: a number of people from those of old, and a few from those of later times. (They will be) on couches encrusted (with gold and precious stones), reclining on them facing each other. Round about them will (serve) thoughts of perpetual (freshness), with goblets, (shining) beakers, and cups (filled) out of clear-flowing fountains. No after-ache will they receive there from, nor will they suffer intoxication: and with fruits, any that they may select; and the flesh of fowls, any that they may desire. And (there will be) Companions with beautiful, big, and lustrous eyes ¾ like unto Pearls well guarded ¾ a Reward for the Deeds of their past (Life). No frivolity will they Hear therein, nor any mischief, only the saying ‘Peace! Peace.’ (Qur’an 56:10-26)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The first group of people who will enter Paradise will be glittering like the full moon, and those who will follow them, will glitter like the most brilliant star in the sky. They will not urinate, relieve nature, spit, or have any nasal secretions. Their combs will be of gold, and their sweat will smell like musk. The aloes-wood will be used in their censers…” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 544)


 

Islam: The Complete Way of Life (5-2) Religious & Spiritual Values

(5-2) Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Religious and Spiritual Values (Part 2)

Friends of Allah

“Your (real) friends are (no less than) Allah, His Messenger, and the Believers ¾ those who establish regular prayers and pay zakat and they bow down humbly (in worship). As to who turn (to friendship) to Allah, His Messenger, and the Believers, it is the party of Allah that must certainly triumph.” (Qur’an 5:55-56)

“For my Protector is Allah, Who revealed the Book, and He will befriend the righteous.” (Qur’an 7:196)

“This is the Day of your Rabb (Sustainer), leading straight. We have detailed the Signs for those who receive admonition. For them will be a Home of Peace with their Rabb (Sustainer). He will be their Friend, because they practised (righteousness).” (Qur’an 6:126-127)

“Behold! verily on the friends of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve; those who believe and (constantly) guard against evil. For them are Glad Tidings, in the life of the Present and in the Hereafter. No change can there be in the Words of Allah. This is indeed the supreme Triumph.” (Qur’an 10:62-63)

Enmity to Satan: The Accursed

“O you people! …Do not follow the footsteps of Satan for he is to you an avowed enemy. For he commands you what is evil and shameful, and that you should say of Allah that of which you have no knowledge.” (Qur’an 2:168-169)

“Satan threatens you with poverty and bids you to conduct unseemly. Allah promises you His forgiveness and bounties. And Allah cares for all and He know all things.” (Qur’an 2:268)

“Whoever forsaking Allah, takes Satan for a friend, has of a surety suffered a loss that is manifest. Satan makes them promises, and creates in them false desires; but Satan’s promises are nothing but deception. They (his dupes) will have their dwelling in Hell, and from it they will find no way of escape.” (Qur’an 4:119-121)

“If a suggestion from Satan assail your (mind), seek refuge with Allah; for He hears and knows (all things). Those who fear Allah, when a thought of evil from Satan assaults them, bring Allah to remembrance, when Loa! they see (aright)!” (Qur’an 7: 200-201)

“Remember Satan made their (sinful) acts seem alluring to them, and said: ‘No one among men can overcome you this day, while I am near to you.’ But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he turned on his heels and said: ‘Lo! I am clear of you. Lo! I see what you see not; Lo! I fear Allah, for Allah is strict in punishment.'” (Qur’an 8:48)

“O you children of Adam! Let not Satan seduce you, in the same manner as he got your parents out of the garden, stripping them of their raiment, to expose their shame: for he and his tribe see you from a position where you cannot see them: We made the Satan’s friends (only) to those without Faith..” (Qur’an 7:27)

“. . . For Satan is to man an avowed enemy!” (Qur’an 12:5)

“When you read the Qur’an seek Allah’s protection from Satan the Rejected One. No authority has he over those who believe and put their trust in their Rabb (Sustainer). His authority is over those only, who take him as patron and who join partners with Allah.” (Qur’an 16:98-100)

“O you who believe follow not Satan’s footsteps. If any will follow the footsteps of Satan, he will (but) command what is shameful and wrong: and were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, not one of you would ever have been pure: but Allah does purify whom He pleases: and Allah is One Who hears and knows (all things).” (Qur’an 24: 21)

“Verily Satan is an enemy to you: so treat him as an enemy. He only invites his adherents, that they may become companions of the Blazing Fire.” (Qur’an 35: 6)

“Did I not enjoin on you O children of Adam, that you should not worship Satan; for that he was to you an enemy avowed? And that you should worship Me, for that this was the Straight Way? But he did lead astray a great multitude of you. Did you not, then, understand? ” (Qur’an 36:60-62)

“And if (at any time) an incitement to discord is made to you by the Satan, seek refuge in Allah. He is the One Who hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an 41:36)

Uthman bin Abu Al-As t reported that he came to Allah’s Messenger r and said: “Allah’s Messenger, the Satan intervenes between me and my prayer and my reciting of the Qur’an and he confounds me.” Thereupon Allah’s Messenger r said: “That is (the doing of the Satan) who is known as Khinzab, and when you perceive its effect, seek refuge with Allah from it and spit three times to your left.” I did that and Allah dispelled that from me. (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 5463)

Friends of Satan

“About whom (Satan) it is decreed that whoever turns to him for friendship, him will he lead astray, and he will guide him to the Chastisement of the Fire.” (Qur’an 22:4)

Cleanliness

O you who believe! When you prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If you are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body. But if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes from the privy or you have been in contact with women, and you find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand (or earth), and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not wish to place you in a difficulty, but to make you clean, and to complete His favour to you that you may be grateful. (Qur’an 5:6)

“That this is indeed a Qur’an most honourable, in a Book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who are clean: a Revelation from the Rabb (Sustainer) of the Worlds.” (Qur’an 56:79)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The salat (prayer) of a person who does ahdath (passes urine, stool or wind) is not accepted till he performs (repeats) the ablution.” A person from Hadramou t asked Abu Hurairah t “What is ahdath? Abu Hurairaht replied, “Ahdath means the passing of wind from the anus.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 137)

(Narrated Humran, the slave of Uthman t): “I saw Uthman bin Affan t asking for a tumbler of water, (and when it was brought) he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. Then he washed his face and forearms up to the elbows thrice, passed his wet hands over his head and washed his feet up to the ankles thrice. Then he said: ‘Allah’s Messenger said ‘If anyone performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two Rak’at Salat (prayer) during which he does not think of anything else then his past sins will be forgiven. ‘” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith161)

Abu Said AL-Khudri t narrated that “Allah’s Messenger r said: “The taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every (Muslim) who has attained the age of puberty.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 4)

Salman Al-Farisi t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Anyone who takes a bath on Friday and cleans himself as much as he can and puts oil (on his hair) or scents himself; and then proceeds for the prayer and does not force his way between two persons (assembled in the mosque for the Friday prayer); and prays as much as is written for him and remains quiet when the Imam delivers the Khutba, all his sins in between the present and the last Friday will be forgiven.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 33)

Um ‘Atiyya al-Ansariya t narrated: “Allah’s Messenger came to us when his daughter died and said: ‘Wash her thrice or five time or more, if you see it necessary, with water and sidr and then apply camphor or some camphor at the end; and when you finish, notify me.’ So when we finished it, we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet and told us to shroud the dead body in it.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 344)

Salat (Prayers)

“I have created not the jinn and men except that they should worship Me (Alone). I seek not any provision from them nor do I ask that they should feed Me. Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, Most Strong.” (Qur’an 51:56-58)

“Verily, I am Allah: There is no god but I: so serve you Me (only), and establish regular prayer for My remembrance.” (Qur’an 20:14)

“So glorify the praises of your God and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him). And worship your God until there comes unto you the Hour that is certain (i.e., death).” (Qur’an 15:98-99)

“Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to you, and establish regular prayer: for prayer restrains from shameful and evil deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And Allah knows the (deeds) that you do.” (Qur’an 29:45)

Abdullah bin Umar t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The Salat (prayer) in congregation is twenty seven times superior in degrees to the Salat (prayer) offered by a person alone.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 618)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verse and Hadith, see: 23: 1-11 and Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 506.)

Salah (Prayer ) on Time

“When you have performed the prayers, remember Allah, standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides. But when you are free from danger, set up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.” (Qur’an 4:103)

Abdullah bin Mas’ud t narrated: “I asked the Prophet r which deed is the dearest to Allah?” He r replied, “To offer salaat (the prayers) at their early fixed times.” I asked, “What is the next (in goodness)?” He replied, “To be good and dutiful to your parents.” I again asked, “What is the next (in goodness)?” He replied, “To participate in jihad (religious fighting) in Allah’s Cause.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 505)

“Almighty Allah said: ‘I have made five times prayer obligatory on your people and I made covenant that if anyone observes them regularly at their right times, I shall admit him to paradise. If anyone does not observe them regularly, there is no such guarantee of Mine for him.'” (Abu Daud Vol. 1 Hadith 403)

Some Supplications

“In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds: Most Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgement. You do we worship, and Your aid we seek. Show us the straight way, the way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, those whose (portion) are not wrath. And who go not astray”. (Qur’an 1:1-7)

“Our Rabb (Sustainer)! We have indeed believed: forgive us, then, our sins, and save us from the agony of the Fire.” (Qur’an 3:16)

“Our Rabb (Sustainer)! Send us not to the company of the wrong-doers.” (Qur’an 7:47)

“O my Rabb (Sustainer)! Bestow on them (my parents) Your Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood.” (Qur’an 17:24)

“O my Rabb (Sustainer)! Expand me my breast; ease my task for me; and remove the impediment from my speech, so they may understand what I say.” (Qur’an 20:25-28)

“O my Rabb (Sustainer)! Increase me in knowledge.” (Qur’an 20:114)

“O my Rabb (Sustainer)! Bestow wisdom on me, and join me with the righteous; grant me honourable mention on the tongue of truth among the latest (generations); make me one of the inheritors of the Garden of Bliss” (Qur’an 26:83-84)

“O my Rabb (Sustainer)! Help me against people who do mischief!” (Qur’an 29:30)

“O my Rabb (Sustainer)! Grant me that I may be grateful for Your favour which You have bestowed upon me, and upon both my parents, and that I may work righteousness such as You may approve and be gracious to You and truly do I submit (to You) in Islam.” (Qur’an 46:15)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 3:8-9, 3:147, 7:126, and 59:10.)

‘Anas bin Malik t reported that Allah’s Messenger r used to say: “O Allah, I seek refuge in You from incapacity, from indolence, from cowardice, from senility, from miserliness, and I seek refuge in You from the torment of the grave and from the trial of the life and death.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6535)

Abdullah t reported that Allah’s Messenger r used to supplicate (in these words); “O Allah I beg of You the right guidance, safeguard against evils, chastity and freedom from want.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6566)

Zaid bin Arqam t reported: “I am not going to say anything but only that which Allah’s Messenger r used to say. He used to supplicate: ‘O Allah, I seek refuge in You from incapacity, from sloth, from cowardice, from miserliness, decrepitude and from the torment of the grave. O Allah, grant to my soul the sense of righteousness and purify it, for You are the Best to Purifier thereof. You are the Protecting Friend thereof, and Guardian thereof. O Allah I seek refuge in You from the knowledge which does not benefit, from the heart that does not entertain the fear (of Allah), from the soul that does not feel contented and the supplication that is not responded.'” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6568)

Zakat/Charity

“Those who (in charity) spend of their goods by night and by day, in secret and in public have their reward with their Rabb (Sustainer). On them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.” (Qur’an 2:274)

“Successful indeed are the Believers, those … who are active in giving zakaah … these will inherit Paradise. They will dwell therein (forever).” (Qur’an 23:1-4, 10-11)

“Those who establish regular prayer, and give zakaah and have sure faith in the Hereafter. These are on (true) guidance from their Creator; and these are the ones who will prosper.” (Qur’an 31:4-5)

“And spend something (in charity) out of the substance which We have bestowed on you, before Death should come to any of you and he should say, ‘O my Rabb (Sustainer)! Why do you not give me respite for a little while? I would have then given (largely) in charity, and I should have been one of the doers of good.'” (Qur’an 63:10)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that a man came to the Prophet r and asked, “O Allah’s Messenger which charity is the most superior in reward?” He replied, “The charity which you practice while you are healthy, niggardly and afraid of poverty and wish to become wealthy. Do not delay it to the time of approaching death and then say, ‘Give so much to such and such, and so much to such and such.’ (And it has already belonged to such and such (his heirs).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 500)

Abu Musa t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Every Muslim has to give in charity,” The people asked, “O Allah’s Prophet! If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?” He said: “He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns).” The people further asked, “If he cannot do even that?” He replied, “Then he should help the needy who appeal for help.” Then the people asked, “If he cannot do that?” He replied, “Then he should perform all that is good and keep away from all that is evil and this will be regarded as charitable deeds.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 524)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses and Ahadith, see: Qur’an 2:270-271, 2:273, 32:15-19, Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 478 and Vol. 2 Hadith 492.)

Spending in Allah’s Cause

‘Abdullaht narrated that the Prophet r said: “Who among you considers the wealth of his heirs dearer to him than his own wealth?” They replied, “O Allah’s Messenger! There is none among us but loves his own wealth more.” The Prophet said: “So his wealth is whatever he spends (in Allah’s cause) during his life (on good deeds) while the wealth of his heirs is whatever he leaves after his death.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 449)

Sawm (Fasting)

“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.” (Qur’an 2:184)

“Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur’an as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting…. and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance you shall be grateful.” (Qur’an 2:185)

The Prophet r said: “Sawm (fasting) is a shield (or a screen or a shelter from the Hell-fire). So, the person observing sawm (fast) should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should say to him twice, ‘I am observing sawm (fast).’ The Prophet r added, “By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a person observing sawm (fast) is better with Allah than the smell of musk.” (Allah says about the fasting person,) “He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The sawm (fast) is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 118)

Ibn Abbas t narrated that the Prophet r was the most generous among the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan… (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 126)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Whoever does not give up false words and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 127)

According to the Prophet r Allah says: “All the deeds of Adam’s sons (people) are for them, except sawm (fasting) which is for Me, and I will give reward for it. There are two pleasures for the person observing sawm (fast), one at the time of iftar [breaking his sawm (fast)], and the other at the time when he will meet his Creator; then he will be pleased because of his sawm (fasting). ” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 128)

Pilgrimage/Hajj

“For Hajj are the months well known. If any one undertakes that duty therein, let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling in the Hajj. And whatever good you do, (be sure) Allah knows it and take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best of provisions is right conduct. So fear Me, o you that are wise.” (Qur’an 2:197)

“He who came to this House (the Ka’bah) (with the intention in performing Hajj) without speaking or committing indecencies, would return (free from sin) as on the day his mother bore him.” (Muslim Vol. 2 Hadith 3129)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Whoever perform hajj for Allah’s sake only and does not have sexual relations with his wife, and does not do evil or sins then he will return (after Hajj free from all sins) as if he were born anew.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 596)

‘Eid Holidays (Ramadan and Hajj)

Al-Bara’ bin Azib t narrated: “I heard Allah’s Messenger delivering the Khutba (religious talk). He said: ‘The first (thing) to do on this day is to offer the Salat (prayer) and on returning (from the prayer) we slaughter our sacrifices (animal); and whoever did this he acted on our Sunnah (legal way).'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 75)

Abu Bakrat narrated that the Prophet r said: “The two months of ‘Eid i.e., Ramadan and Dhul Hijja do not decrease (in superiority).” (Al-Bukhari Volume 3 Hadith 136)

(For other relevant Hadith, see: Al-Bukhari Volume 3 Hadith 87.)

Belief in the Angels

“Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and note them), one setting on the right and one on the left Not a word does he utter but a vigilant Guardian.” (Qur’an 50:16-17)

Belief in Qadr (Destiny)

“Whatever good, (O man!) happens to you is from Allah; but whatever evil happens to you is from yourself. And We have sent you (O Muhammad) to (instruct) mankind. And enough is Allah for a witness.” (Qur’an 4:79)

“And verily your Rabb (Sustainer) knows all that their hearts do hide, as well as that they reveal. And there is nothing hidden in heaven or earth but is (recorded) in a clear record.” (Qur’an 27:74-75)

“No misfortune can happen on earth or in your souls but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence: that is truly easy for Allah in order that you may not despair over matters that pass you by nor exult over favours bestowed upon you. For Allah loves not any vainglorious boaster.” (Qur’an 57:22-23)

Righteousness

It is not righteousness that you turn your faces toward East or West; but it is righteousness to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which you have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the God-fearing. (Qur’an 2:177)

“By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you give (freely) of that which you love; and whatever you give, Allah knows it well.” (Qur’an 3:92)

“… Help one another in righteousness and piety but help not one another in sin and rancor. Fear Allah for Allah is strict in punishment.” (Qur’an 5:2).

Except those who repent and believe, and work righteousness: for these will enter the Garden and will not be wronged in the least Gardens of Eternity, those which (Allah) Most Gracious has promised to His servants in the Unseen: for His promise must (necessarily) come to pass. They will not there hear any vain discourse, but only salutations of Peace. And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening. Such is the Garden which We give as an inheritance to those of Our Servants who guard against evil. (Qur’an 19:60-63)

“O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other (not that you may despise each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).” (Qur’an 49:13)

Good Deeds in Islam

Abdullah bin Amrt narrated that a man asked the Prophet r, “Whose Islam is good or what sort of deeds (or what qualities) of Islam are good.” The Prophet r replied, “To feed (others) and to greet those whom you know and those whom you do not know.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 11; 8:253 and Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 63)

‘Aishah (Radhiallahu anha) narrated that “The most beloved action to Allah’s Messenger r was that whose doer did it continuously and regularly.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith. 469)

‘Aishah (Radhiallahu anha) narrated that the Prophet r was asked. “What deeds are loved most by Allah?” He said: “The most regular constant deeds even though they may be few.” He added, “Don’t take upon yourselves, except the deeds which are within your ability.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith. 472)

‘Aishah (Radhiallahu anha) narrated that the Prophet r said: “Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately, and receive good news because one’s good deeds will not make him enter Paradise.” They asked, “Even you, O Allah’s Messenger?”, He said: “Even I, unless and until Allah bestows His pardon and His Mercy on me.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 474)

Best Manner/Character

‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr t narrated that the Prophet r never used bad language. He used to say: “The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 759)

‘Abdullah bin ‘Amrt narrated that the Prophet r Allah’s Messenger r neither talked in an insulting manner nor did he ever speak evil intentionally. He used to say, “The most beloved to me amongst you is the one who has the best character and manners.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 5 Hadith 104)

“Verily Allah is kind and He loves kindness and confers kindness which he does not confer upon severity and does not confer upon anything else besides it (kindness).” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6273)

“Kindness is not to be found in anything but that it adds to its beauty and it is not withdrawn from anything but it makes it defective.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6274)

Some Good Conducts/Manners:

“Those that turn (to Allah) in repentance; that serve Him, and praise Him; that wander in devotion for the Cause of Allah; that bow down and prostrate themselves in prayer; that enjoin good and forbid evil; and observe the limits set by Allah, ¾ (these do rejoice. So proclaim the glad tidings to the Believers.” (Qur’an 9:112)

Sahl bin Sa’dt narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his two jaw-bones and what is between his two legs (i.e., his tongue and his private parts), I guarantee Paradise for him.” (i.e., Whoever protects his tongue from illegal talk e.g. to tell lies or backbiting, etc., and his private parts from illegal sexual acts (Al-Bukhari Vol.8 Hadith 481)

Abu Hurairaht reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “Charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives, Allah adds to his respect; and the one who shows humility, Allah elevates him in the estimation (of the people).” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6264)

Muawiya bin Suwaid t narrated: “I heard Al-Bara bin’Azib saying, ‘The Prophet r ordered us to do seven things and prohibited us from doing seven other things.” Then Al-Bara mentioned the following: 1. to pay a visit to the sick (inquiring about his health), 2. to follow funeral processions, 3. to say to a sneezer, “May Allah be merciful to you” (if he says, “Praise be to Allah!”), 4. to return greetings, 5. to help the oppressed, 6. to accept invitations, (and) 7. to help others to fulfil their oaths.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 625)

‘Aishah (Radhiallahu anha) narrated: “Whenever Allah’s Messenger r was given a choice of one or two matters, he would choose the easier of the two, as long as it was not sinful to do so, but if it was sinful to do so, he would not approach it. Allah’s Messenger never took revenge (over anybody) for his own sake but (he did) only when Allah’s Legal Bindings were outraged in which case he would take revenge for Allah’s Sake.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 760)

The Prophet r says: “Allah will give shade to seven (types of persons), on the Day when there would be no shade but His. (These types of persons are) 1. A just ruler, 2. A thought who has been brought up in the worship of Allah (i.e., worships Allah Alone sincerely from his childhood), 3. A person whose heart is attached to the mosque (i.e., who offers the five compulsory congregational salaat (prayers) in the mosques), 4. Two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part for Allah’s Cause only, 5. A man who refuses the call of a charming woman of a noble birth for illegal sexual intercourse with her and says: ‘I am afraid of Allah.’, 6. A person who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e., nobody knows how much he has given in charity), and 7. A person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes become flooded with tears.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 629)

Abu Musa t reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “The similitude of good company and that of bad company is that of the owner of musk and of the one (iron-smith) iron blowing bellows. And the owner of musk would either offer you free of charge or you would buy it from him or you would smell its pleasant odour. And so far as one who blows the bellows is concerned, he would either burn your clothes or you shall have to smell its repugnant smell.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6361)

Abu Dharr t reported that Allah’s Messenger r said to me: “Do not consider anything insignificant out of good things even if it is (only) that you meet your brother with a cheerful countenance.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6359)

Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Islam: The Complete Way of Life (5-1) Religious & Spiritual Values

(5) Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Religious and Spiritual Values (Part 1)

By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya


Religious and Spiritual Values

Religion

“Truly, the religion before Allah is Islam (submission to His Will).” (Qur’an 3:19)

“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to God), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who lost (all spiritual good).” (Qur’an 3:85)

“…This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” (Qur’an 5:3)

“Whatever you worship apart from Him is nothing but names, which you have named. You and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority: the command is for none but Allah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him. That is the right religion, but men understand not.” (Qur’an 12:40)

Abu Hurairaht narrated that the Prophet r said: “Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by offering the prayers in the mornings, afternoons and during the last hours of the nights.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 38)

No Compulsion in Religion

“Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error…” (Qur’an 2:256)

“If it had been Your Rabb (Sustainer)’s Will, they would all have believed, ¾ all who are on earth! Will you then compel mankind, against their will, to believe?” (Qur’an 10:99)

“Say: O you that reject Faith! I worship not that which you worship, nor will you worship that which I worship. And I will not worship that which you have been wont to worship nor will you worship that which I worship. To you be your religion, and to me my religion.” (Qur’an 109:1-6)

Islam

“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam….that you may be guided.” (Qur’an 3:102-103)

The Prophet r said: “Islam has been built upon five things: declaring that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah; the establishment of salaah (five compulsory daily prayers); the payment of zakaah (obligatory charity); the Hajj (pilgrimage to the House of Allah, (if one is able); and sawm of Ramadan (fasting in the month of Ramadan).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 7)

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Ayyubt that a man came to the Prophet r and said: “Direct me to a deed which draws me near to Paradise and takes me away from the Fire (of Hell).” Upon this he (the Prophet r) said: “You worship Allah and never associate anything with Him, establish prayer, and pay Zakat, and do good to your kin.” When he turned his back, the Messenger of Allah remarked: “If he adheres to what he has been ordered to do, he would enter Paradise. ” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 13)

Oneness of God in Islam: Part I – Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah (the declaration or belief in Allah’s Rabb (Sustainer)ship of the universe)

“This is the true account: There is no god except Allah; and Allah ¾ He is indeed the Exalted in Power, the Wise.” (Qur’an 3:62)

“Allah! There is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together on the Day of Judgement, about which there is no doubt. And whose word can be truer than Allah’s?” (Qur’an 4:87)

“Your Guardian Rabb (Sustainer) is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days. Then He settled Himself on the Throne: He draws the night as a veil over the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: and the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) are subservient by His Command. Verily His are the creation and the Command. Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds.” (Qur’an 7:54)

“We created not the heavens, the earth, and all between them, but for just ends… For verily it is your Rabb (Only God and Sustainer) Who is the Master-Creator, knowing all things.” (Qur’an 15: 85-86)

“It is Allah Who has created you: further, He has provided for your sustenance; then He will cause you to die; and again He will give you life. Are there any of your (false) “Partners” who can do any single one of these things? Glory to Him! And High is He above the partners they attribute (to Him)! (Qur’an 30:40)

“Such is Allah, your Rabb (Sustainer), the Creator of all things, there is no god but He. Then how you are deluded away from the Truth!” (Qur’an 40:62)

Oneness of God in Islam: Part II – Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (the Declaration or Belief that all Beautiful Names and Attributes belong to Allah alone)

“God! There is no god but He ¾ the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permits? He knows what (appears to His creatures as) Before or After or Behind them. Nor shall they compass ought of His knowledge except as He wills. His Throne does extend over the heavens and on earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).” (Qur’an 2:255)

“To Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth. Verily we have directed the People of the Book before you, and you (O Muslims) to fear Allah. But if you deny Him, lo! Unto Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And Allah is free of all wants, worthy of all praise.” (Qur’an 4: 131).

“The most beautiful names belong to Allah: so call on Him by them; but shun such men as to distort His names: for what they do, they will soon be requited.” (Qur’an 7: 180)

“And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” (Qur’an 14:4)

“Glorified be your Rabb (Sustainer), the Rabb (Sustainer) of Honour and Power. (He is free) from what they attribute unto him.” (Qur’an 37:180)

“For to Allah belong the Forces of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom.” (Qur’an 48:7)

“Verily! Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.” (Qur’an 51:58)

He is Allah, besides Whom there is no (other) deity; knowing the unseen and the visible. He is the Mercy-giving, the Merciful! He is Allah, besides Whom there is no (other) deity, the Sovereign, the Holy, (the Source of) Peace, the Secure, the Preserver, the Powerful, the Irresistible, the Grandiose: Glory be to Allah ahead of anything they may associate (with Him)! He is Allah, the Creator, the Maker, the Shaper, His are the Finest Names. Everything in Heaven and Earth celebrates Him. He is the Powerful, the Wise. (Qur’an 59:22-24)

“But Honour, Power and Glory belong to Allah and His Messenger …” (Qur’an ,63:8)

“Say, He is God the One. The Eternally besought of all. He begets not nor was He begotten and there is none comparable unto Him.” (Qur’an 112: 1-4)

Abu Musa Al-Asharit narrated that the Prophet r said: “None is more patient than Allah against the harmful and annoying words He hears (from the people): They ascribe a son to Him, yet He bestows upon them health and provision.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith 475)

Ibn ‘Abbast narrated that the Prophet r used to say, “I seek refuge (with You) by your Izzat (Honour, Power and Glory) Lailaha illa Anta, (none has the right to be worshipped but You), Who does not die while the Jinn and the human beings die.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith 480)

Oneness of God in Islam: Part III – Tawheed al-Ibaadah/Alhuluhiya (the Declaration of Belief that Allah Alone Deserves to be Worshipped)

“O mankind! Worship your Guardian, Allah, Who created you and those who came before you that you may become righteous.” (Qur’an 2:21)

“That is Allah your God! There is no god but He, the Creator of all things; then you worship Him: and He has power to dispose of all affairs. No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision; He is Subtle well-aware.” (Qur’an 6:102-103)

“So glorify the praises of your God and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him). And worship your God until there comes unto you the Hour that is certain (i.e., death).” (Qur’an 15:98-99)

“O people! Worship your Guardian Rabb (Sustainer), Who created you and those who came before you that you may have the chance to learn righteousness: Who has made the earth your couch, and the heavens your canopy; and sent down the rain from heavens; and brought forth therewith fruits for your sustenance. Then set not up rivals unto God when you know (the truth).” (Qur’an 2:21-22)

“I have only created jinn and men, that they may worship Me.” (Qur’an 51:56)

Anas Bin Malikt narrated that the Prophetr said: “Whoever said La ilaha ila-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain, will be taken out of hell. And whoever said La ilaha ila-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain, will be taken out of hell. And whoever said La ilaha ila-Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom, or a small ant, will be taken out of hell.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 42)

(For other relevant Ahadith, see: Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 98, Vol. 2 Hadith 253, and Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 13.)

Oneness of God: The Common Mission of the Prophets

Have you not turned your thought to one who disputed with Abraham about his Rabb (Sustainer), because Allah has granted him power? Abraham said: “My Rabb (Sustainer) is He Who gives life and death.” He said: “I give life and death.” Said Abraham: “But it is Allah that causes the sun to rise from the East: Do you then cause it to rise from the West.” Thus, was he confounded who (in arrogance) rejected faith. Nor does Allah give guidance to a people unjust.” (Qur’an 2: 257; also 6: 80)

“Certainly they disbelieve who say: ‘Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Rabb (Sustainer) and your Rabb (Sustainer).’ Whoever joins other gods with Allah, Allah will forbid him the Garden, and the fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.” (Qur’an 5: 72)

“We sent Noah to his people. He said: ‘O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other God but Him. I fear for you the Punishment of a dreadful Day!'” (Qur’an 7:59 also 23:23)

“To the Ad people. (We sent) Hud, one of their (own) brethren: He said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other God but Him. Will you not fear(Allah)?” (Qur’an 7:65)

“To the Thumbed people. (We sent) Salih, one of their own brethren: He said: ‘O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other God but Him.'” (Qur’an 7:73)

“To the Madyan people. (We sent) Shuaib, one of their own brethren: He said: ‘O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other God but Him.'” (Qur’an 7:85)

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘O mankind ! I am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allah to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He. So believe in Allah and His Messenger …'” (Qur’an 7:158)

“Paraoh said: ‘And what is the Rabb (Sustainer) and Cherisher of the Worlds?’ (Moses) said: ‘The Rabb (Sustainer) and Cherisher of the heavens and the earth, and all between, ¾ if you had but sure belief.'” (Qur’an 26: 26)

“So also was Elias among those sent (by Us). Behold, he said to his people, ‘Will you not fear (Allah)? Will you call upon Baal and forsake the Best of Creators ¾ Allah, your Rabb (Sustainer) and Cherisher and the Rabb (Sustainer) and Cherisher of your fathers of old?'” (Qur’an 37: 123-126)

The Qur’an : The Divine Comprehensive Guidance to Mankind

“This (Qur’an ) is the Book of guidance sure, without doubt to those who fear Allah; who believe in the Unseen, and steadfast in prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them; and who believe in the Revelation sent to you, and sent before your time, and (in their departure) have assurance of the Hereafter.” (Qur’an 2:2-4)

“Allah! There is no god but He ¾ the Living, the Self-Subsisting, the Supporter of all. It is He Who sent down to You (step by step), in truth, the Book . . . as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the Criterion (of Judgement between right and wrong).” (Qur’an 3:2-4)

“. . . He it is Who has sent unto you the Book, explained in detail. ‘They know full well, to whom We have given the Book, that it has been sent down from your Rabb (Sustainer) in truth. Never be then of those who doubt.” (Qur’an 6:114)

“This Qur’an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book ¾ wherein there is no doubt from the Creator of the Worlds.” (Qur’an 10:37)

“We have explained in detail in this Qur’an for the benefit of mankind, every kind of similitude: but man is, in most things, contentious.” (Qur’an 18:54)

“These are Verses of the Wise Book, a Guide and a Mercy to the Doers of Good,¾ those who establish regular Prayer, and give zakat and have sure faith in the Hereafter. These are on (true) guidance from their Creator; and these are the ones who will prosper.” (Qur’an 31:3)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 3:7; 5:48; 6:92; 7:52; 11:1; 12:1-2; 13:36-37; 16:89; 25:6; 42: 17; 46:2; 69:43-52.)

The Qur’an : the Book to be Read, Studied and Followed for Guidance

“Those to whom We have given the Book study it as it should be studied: they are the ones that believe therein: those who reject faith there in ¾ the loss is their own.” (Qur’an 2:121)

“Follow (o men!) the revelation given unto you from your Rabb (Sustainer), and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him. “And this is a Book which We have revealed as a blessing: so follow it and be righteous, that you may receive mercy.” (Qur’an 6:155)

“When the Qur’an is read, listen to it with attention, and hold your peace: that you may receive Mercy.” (Qur’an 7:204)

“Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best of it: those are the ones who Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.” (Qur’an 39:18)

…. Read you, therefore, of the Qur’an as much as may be easy (for you). He knows that there may be (some) among you in ill-health; others travelling through the land, seeking of Allah’s bounty; yet others fighting in Allah’s Cause. Read you, therefore, as much of the Qur’an as may be easy (for you); and establish regular Prayer and give zakat (charity) and loan to Allah a Beautiful Loan. And whatever good you send forth for your souls, you shall find it in Allah’s Presence. Yeah, better and greater, in Reward. . . . (Qur’an 73:20)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 21:10; 29:45; 47: 24; 73:4; 54:17, 22, 32, 40; 80:11-14)

Muhammad r: the Final Prophet and Messenger of Allah to Mankind

“He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah…” (Qur’an 4: 80)

“O mankind! The Messenger has come to you in truth from Allah: believe in him: it is best for you…” (Qur’an 4: 170)

“We sent you (Muhammad) but as a Mercy for all creatures.” (Qur’an 21: 107)

“You have indeed in the Messenger of Allah an excellent exemplar for him who hopes in Allah and the Final Day, and who remembers Allah much.” (Qur’an 33:21)

“Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is ) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the

Prophets, and Allah has full knowledge of all things.” (Qur’an 33: 40)

“We have not sent you (Muhammad) but as a (Messenger) to all mankind, giving them glad tidings and warning them (against sin), but most men know not.” (Qur’an 34: 28)

Jubair bin Mut’im t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “I have five names: I am Muhammad and Ahmad; I am Al-Mahi through whom Allah will eliminate infidelity; I am Al-Hashir who will be the first to be resurrected, the people being resurrected thereafter; and I am also Al-‘Aqib (i.e., no prophet will appear after me).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 733)

Abu Hurairaht narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “I have been sent (as a Messenger) in the best of all generations of Adam’s offspring since the Creation.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 757)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 4: 64; 7: 157; 37: 37; 47: 33 and 59:7.)

Adherence to the Qur’an and the Sunnah (Tradition/Way of the Prophet Muhammad) and Warning Against Bid’a (Innovation/Fabrication in Religion)

Abdullah t reported on the authority of his father, “I heard Allah’s Messenger r saying, ‘He who revived a sunnah of mine that was extinct after me, would (receive) a reward like the reward of one of the people who acted upon it without any diminution in their rewards. And, he who introduced an innovation that Allah and His Messenger had not sanctioned, would incur (a sin) like the sin of one of the people who acted upon it without any diminution in people’s sins.'” (Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith 210)

(For other relevant Ahadith, see: Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6466 and Ibn Majah Vol. 1 Hadith14.)

Muslims

“Every child is born with a true faith of Islam (i.e., Muslim to worship none but Allah Alone). It is his parents who convert him to Judaism or Christianity or Magianism. As an animal delivers a perfect baby animal , do you find it mutilated..” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 467; 6:298 and Muslim)

Abdullah bin Amrt narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “A Muslim is the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands. And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) all what Allah has forbidden.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 9)

“All my followers (i.e., the Muslims) will enter Paradise except those who refuse” They said: “O Allah’s Messenger! Who will refuse?” He said: “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith 384)

Reverts to Islam

Those who conceal the clear (Signs) We have sent down, and the Guidance, after We have made it clear to the People in the Book, on them shall be Allah’s curse, and the curse of those entitled to curse. Except those who repent and make amends and openly declare (the Truth): to them I turn; for I am Oft-Returning, Most Merciful. Those who reject Faith and die rejecting on them is Allah’s curse, and the curse of angels and of all mankind; they will abide therein. And your God is One God: There is no god but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. (Qur’an 2:159-163)

Abu Said Al-Khudrit narrated that Allah’s Messengerr said: “If a person embraces Islam sincerely, then Allah shall forgive all his past sins, and after that starts the settlement of accounts, the reward of his good deeds will be ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and an evil deed will be recorded as it is unless Allah forgives it.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 40)

Abu Burda’s fathert narrated that Allah’s Messengerr said: “Three (kinds of) persons will have a double reward: 1. A person from the people of the scriptures who believed in his prophet (Jesus or Moses) and then believed in the Prophet Muhammadr (i.e., has embraced Islam). 2. A slave who discharges his duties to Allah and his master. 3. And a master of a woman-slave who teaches her good manners and educates her in the best possible way (the religion) and manumits her and then marries her.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 97)

Faith

Anas Bin Malikt narrated that the Prophet r said: “None of you will have faith till he likes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 12)

Anas Bin Malik t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “By Him in Whose Hands my life is, none of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, and his children and all mankind.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 14)

Anas Bin Malikt narrated that the Prophet r said: “Whoever possess the following three (qualities) will have the sweetness (delight) of faith: 1. The one to whom Allah and His Messenger become dearer than anything else. 2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake. 3. Who hates to revert to atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 15)

Abu Hurairaht reported that the Prophet r said , “(Faith is) that you affirm your faith in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and that you believe in the Resurrection, and that you believe in Al-Qadar (Divine Decree) in its entirety. Ihsan (Purity of Faith) is that you fear Allah as if you are seeing Him, and Though you see Him not, verily He is seeing you.” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 6)

Islamic Pledge

‘Ubada bin As-Samitt, who took part in the battle of Badr and was a Naqib (a person heading a group of six persons), on the night of Al-Aqaba pledge narrated that Allah’s Messenger rsaid: while a group of his companions were around him, “Swear allegiance to me for: 1. Not to join anything in worship along with Allah.; 2. not to steal; 3.not to commit illegal sexual intercourse; 4. not to kill your children; 5. not to accuse an innocent person (to spread such an accusation among people; and 6. not to be disobedient (when ordered) to do good deed.” The Prophet r added: “Whoever amongst you who fulfils his pledge will be rewarded by Allah. And whoever indulges in any one of them (except the ascription of partners to Allah) and gets the punishment in this world, that punishment will be an expiation for that sin. And if one indulges in any of them, and Allah conceals his sin, it is up to Him to forgive or punish him (in the Hereafter).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 17)

3 Conditions for the Acceptance of Deeds

1. Belief (Faith) in Allah and affirmation of His Oneness:

“This is the Guidance of Allah with which He guides whomsoever He will of His slaves. But if they had joined in worship others with Allah, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them.” (Qur’an 6:88)

And indeed it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad), as it was to those (Allah’s Messengers) before you: “If you join others in worship with Allah, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers.” (Qur’an 39:65)

2. Sincerity (Ikhlas) which is to do deeds for Allah’s sake only neither seeking praise nor recognition from fellow-beings:

“So, call you (O Muhammad and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allah making (your) worship pure for Him (Alone) (by worshipping none but Him and by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah’s sake only and not to show off and not to set up rivals with Him in worship).” (Qur’an 39: 14; 40:14)

“Actions are but by intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. Thus he whose migration was for Allah and His Messenger, his migration was for Allah and His Messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that for which he migrated.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith I and Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4692)

3. Deeds must be in accordance with the Qur’an and the Sunnah (Traditions of Prophet Muhammad r) Allah commands us to obey Him and His Messenger r:

“O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger (Muhammad) and render not vain your deeds.” (Qur’an 47:33)

“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to God), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who lost (all spiritual good).” (Qur’an 3:85)

The Truth

“But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness ¾ We shall soon admit them to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,¾ to dwell therein forever. Allah’s promise is the truth, and whose word can be truer than Allah’s?” (Qur’an 4:122)

“O mankind! The Messenger has come to you in truth from Allah: believe in him: it is best for you…” (Qur’an 4:170)

“And that those on whom knowledge has been bestowed may learn that the Qur’an is the Truth from your Rabb (Sustainer), and that they may believe therein, and their departure may be made humbly (open) to it: for verily Allah is the Guide of those who believe to the Straight Way.” (Qur’an 22:54)

“On that Day Allah will pay them back (all) their just dues, and they realize that Allah is the (very) Truth, Who makes all things manifest.” (Qur’an 24:25)

“It is He Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth to make it prevail over all religions, even though the Pagans may detest it.” (Qur’an 61:9)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 10:94 and 13:19-24.)

Truthfulness

“O you who believe! Fear Allah and be with those who are truthful.” (Qur’an 9:119)

“That Allah will reward the people of Truth for their Truth, and punish the Hypocrites if that be His Will, or turn to them in Mercy; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 33:24)

“And he who brings the Truth and he who confirms (and supports) it—such are the men who do right. They shall have all that they wish for, with their Rabb (Sustainer). Such is the reward of those who do good: so that Allah will remit from them (even) the worst in their deeds and give them their reward according to the best of what they have done.” (Qur’an 39:33-35)

“And those who believe in Allah and His messengers they are the Truthful and the martyrs in the eyes of their Rabb (Sustainer). They shall have their Reward and their Light. But those who reject Allah and deny Our Signs, they are the Companions of Hell-Fire.” (Qur’an 57:19)

“Adhere to truth, for truth leads to good deeds and good deeds lead him who does them to paradise. If a man continues to speak the truth and makes truth his objective, he will be recorded in Allah’s presence as eminently truthful. Avoid falsehood, for falsehood leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to hell. If a man continues to speak falsehood and makes falsehood his objective, he will be recorded in Allah’s presence as a great liar.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6309)

Truthfulness versus Falsehood

Those who reject Allah and hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, their deeds will Allah bring to naught. But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and believe in the (Revelation) sent down to Muhammad for it is the Truth from their Rabb (Sustainer), He will remove from them their ills and improve their condition. This is because those who reject Allah follow falsehood. While those who believe follow the Truth from their Rabb (Sustainer): thus does Allah set forth for men their lessons by similitude. (Qur’an 47:1-3)

“Who does greater wrong than who forges falsehood against Allah, even as he is being invited to Islam? And Allah guides not those who do wrong.” (Qur’an 61:7)

‘Abdullaht narrated that the Prophet r said: “Truthfulness leads to Al-Birr (righteousness) and Al-Birr leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a Siddiq (truthful person). Falsehood leads to Al-Fujur (i.e., wickedness, evil-doing), and Al-Fujur leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allah, a liar.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 116; Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6307-6310)

Remembrance of Allah

“O you who believe! Call in remembrance the favour of Allah unto you when certain men formed the design to stretch you out their hands against you, but (Allah) held back their hands from you: so fear Allah. And on Allah let Believers put (all) their trust.” (Qur’an 5:11)

“O you who believe! Let not your riches or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. If any act thus, surely they are the losers.” (Qur’an 63:9)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah will give shade to seven (types of people) under His Shade (on the Day of Resurrection). One of them will be a person who remembers Allah and his eyes are then flooded with tears.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 486)

“Abu Hurairah t reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying that “Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, thus stated: ‘I am near to the thought of My servant as he thinks about Me, and I am with him as he remembers Me. And if he remembers Me in his heart, I also remember him in My Heart. If he remembers Me in assembly I remember him in assembly, better than his (remembrance). If he draws near Me by the span of a palm, I draw near him by the cubit, and if he draws near Me by the cubit I draw near him by the space (covered by) two hands. And if he walks towards Me, I rush towards him.'” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6471)

Trust in Allah

“… Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). If Allah helps you, none can overcome you. If He forsakes you, who is there, after that, that can help you? In Allah, then, let Believers put their trust.” (Qur’an 3: 159-160)

“O you who believe! Call in remembrance the favor of Allah unto you when certain men formed the design to stretch out their hands against you, but (Allah) held their hands from you. So fear Allah. And on Allah let Believers put (all) their trust.” (Qur’an 5:11)

“And He provides for him from (sources) he never could expect. And if any one puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish His purpose. Verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion.” (Qur’an 65:3)

“For, Believers are those who, when Allah is mentioned, fell a tremor in their hearts, and when they hear His revelations rehearsed, find their faith strengthened, and put (all) their trust in their Rabb (Sustainer).” (Qur’an 8:2)

“And put your trust in Him Who lives and dies not; and celebrate His praise; and enough is He to be acquainted with the faults of His servants.” (Qur’an 25:58)

Fear of Allah

“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam. And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves…” (Qur’an 3:102-103)

“And call in remembrance the favour of Allah unto you, and His Covenant, which He ratified with you, when you said: “We hear and we obey”: and fear Allah, for Allah knows well the secrets of your departure.” (Qur’an 5:7)

“O you who believe! Fear Allah, and let every soul look to what (provision) he has sent forth for the morrow. Yea, fear Allah for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that you do.” (Qur’an 59:18)

Love for Allah

“Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah, as equal (with Allah). They love them as they should love Allah. But those of Faith are overflowing in their love for Allah. If only the unrighteous could see, behold, they would see the Punishment: that to Allah belongs all power, and Allah will strongly enforce the Punishment.” (Qur’an 2:165)

“Say (O Muhammad): ‘If you do love Allah, follow me. Allah will love you and forgive you your sins: for Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.'” (Qur’an 3:31)

AnasBin Malik t narrated that a man asked the Prophet r about the Hour (i.e., Day of Judgement) saying, ‘When will the Hour be?’ The Prophet said: ‘What have you prepared for it?’ The man said: ‘Nothing, except that I love Allah and His Messenger.’ The Prophet r said: ‘You will be with those whom you love.’ We had never been so glad as we were upon hearing the saying of the Prophet, i.e., ‘You will be with those whom you love.’ Hence, I love the Prophet, Abu Bakr and Umar, and I hope that I will be with them though my deeds are not similar to theirs. (Al-Bukhari Vol. 5 Hadith 37)

Ubada bin. Samitt reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “He who loves to meet Allah, Allah also loves to meet him, and he who dislikes to meet Allah, Allah also abhors to meet him.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6486)

Love is From Allah

Abu Hurairaht narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “If Allah loves a person, He calls Gabriel saying:’Allah loves so and so; O Gabriel love him.’ And then Gabriel would love him, and then Gabriel would make an announcement among the residents of the Heaven, ‘Allah loves so and so therefore you should love him also. So all the residents of the Heavens would love him, and then he is granted the pleasure of the people of the earth.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 66)

Reward is From Allah

“And be steadfast in prayer and give Zakat: and whatever good you send forth for your souls before you, you shall find it with Allah: for Allah sees well all that you do.” (Qur’an 2:110)

“Those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, and establish regular prayers and give zakat, will have their reward with their Rabb (Sustainer). On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (Qur’an 2:277)

“Nor can a soul die except by Allah’s leave, the term being fixed as by writing. If any do desire a reward in this life, We shall give it to him; and if any do desire a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give it to him. And swiftly shall We reward those that (serve us with) gratitude.” (Qur’an 3:145)

“To those who believe and do deeds of righteousness has Allah promised forgiveness and a great reward.” (Qur’an 5:9)

Punishment is From Allah

“As to those who reject Faith, I will punish them with severe chastisement in this world and in the Hereafter nor will they have anyone to help.” (Qur’an 3:56)

“Those who purchase unbelief at the price of faith, ¾ not the least harm will they do to Allah, but they will have a grievous punishment.” (Qur’an 3:177)

“But those who disobey Allah and His Messenger and transgress His limits will be admitted to a Fire, to abide therein. And they shall have a humiliating punishment.” (Qur’an 4:14)

Allah’s Justice (Also See Day of Judgement)

“Allah is never unjust in the least degree. If there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from His Own self a great reward.” (Qur’an 4:40)

“The Word of your Rabb (Sustainer) does find its fulfilment in truth and in justice. None can change His Words: for He is the One Who hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an 6:115)

Guidance is From Allah

“It is not for you to guide them to the right path. But Allah guides to the right path whom He pleases. Whatever of good you give benefits your own souls, and you shall only do so seeking the “Face” of Allah. Whatever good you give, shall be rendered back to you, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly.” (Qur’an 2:272)

“Say:’Shall we call on others besides Allah, ¾ things that can do us neither good nor harm and turn on our heels after receiving guidance from Allah? Like one whom the Satans have made into a fool wandering bewildered through the earth, his friends calling ‘Come to us’,( vainly) guiding him to the Path.’ Say: ‘Allah’s guidance is the (only) guidance, and we have been directed to submit ourselves to the Rabb (Sustainer) of the worlds.'” (Qur’an 4:71)

“This is the Guidance of Allah. He gives that guidance to whom He pleases, of His servants if they were to join other gods with Him, all that they did would be vain for them.” (Qur’an 6:88)

“Whom Allah does guide, he is on the right path. Whom He rejects from His guidance, such are the persons who lose.” (Qur’an 7:178)


 

Islam: The Complete Way of Life (4) Social Values & Ethics

(4) Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Social Values and Ethics

By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya


Social Values and Ethics

Marriage

“Marry those among you who are single, and the virtuous ones among your slaves, male or female. If they are in poverty, Allah will give them means out of His grace: for Allah is Ample-Giving, and He knows all things.” (Qur’an 24:32)

“Let Those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His Grace…” (Qur’an 24:33)

“And among His Signs is this, that He created for your mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearths). Verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.” (Qur’an 30:21)

Uqbah ibn Amir t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “From among all the conditions which you have to fulfill, the conditions which make it legal for you to have sexual relations (i.e. the marriage contract) have the greatest right to be fulfilled.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 882)

‘Abdullaht narrated: “We were with the Prophet r while we were young and had no wealth whatever. So Allah’s Messenger said:’ “O young people! Whoever among you can marry, should marry, because it helps him lower his gaze and guard his modesty (i.e. his private parts from committing illegal sexual intercourse etc.), and whoever is not able to marry, should fast, as fasting diminishes his sexual power.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 4)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “A woman is married for four things, i.e., her wealth, her family status, her beauty and her religion. So you should marry the religious woman (otherwise) you will be a loser.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 27)

Dower

“And give the women (on marriage) their dower as an obligation; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, take it and enjoy it with right good and cheer.” (Qur’an 4:4)

“But if you decide to take one wife in place of another, even if you had given the latter a whole treasure for dower, take not the least bit of it back. Would you take it by slander and a manifest sin? And how could you take it when you have gone in unto each other, and they have taken from you a solemn covenant?” (Qur’an 4:20-21)

Conditions for Polygamy

“If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, marry women of your choice, two, three or three, or four. But if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or that which your right hands possess. That will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.” (Qur’an 4:3)

‘Aishah narrated that whenever Allah’s Messenger r wanted to go on a journey, he would draw lots as to which of his wives would accompany him. He would take her whose name came out. He used to fix for each of them a day and a night. But Sauda ibnt Zam’a gave up her (turn) day and night to ‘ Aishah , the wife of the Prophet r in order to seek the pleasure of Allah’s Messenger r (by that action). (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 766)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “When a man has two wives and he is inclined to one of them, he will come on the Day of resurrection with a side hanging down.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 2128)

Prohibition of Adultery and Prostitution

“Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils).” (Qur’an 17:32)

“The man and woman guilty of adultery or fornication, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let no compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by God, if you believe in God and the Last Day: and let a party of believers witness their punishment. Let no man guilty of adultery or fornication marry any but a woman similarly guilty, or an unbeliever: nor let any but such a man or an unbeliever marry such a woman: to the believers such a thing is forbidden.” (Qur’an 24:2-3)

Aishah narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “O followers of Muhammad! There is none, who has a greater sense of Ghira (self-respect) than Allah, so He has forbidden that His slave commits illegal sexual intercourse or His slave girl commits illegal sexual intercourse. O followers of Muhammad! If you but knew what I know, you would laugh less and weep more!” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 148)

Ubadah ibn as-Samith t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Receive (teaching) from me, receive (teaching) from me. Allah has ordained a way for those (women). When an unmarried male commits adultery with an unmarried female, (they should receive) one hundred lashes and banishment for one year. And in case of married male committing adultery with a married female, they shall receive one hundred lashes and be stoned to death.” (Muslim Hadith 4191)

Abdullah ibn Abbas t narrated that the Prophet r said: “There is no prostitution in Islam. If anyone practised prostitution in pre-Islamic times, the child will be attributed to the master (of the slave-woman). He who claims his child without a valid marriage or ownership will neither inherit nor be inherited.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 2257)

Modesty

Successful indeed are the Believers, those who humble themselves in their prayers; who avoid vain talk; who are active in giving zakat; who guard their modesty, except with those joined to them in the marriage bond, or (the captives) whom their right hands possess for (for in their case) they are free from blame. But those whose desires exceed those limits are transgressors. Those who faithfully observe their trusts and their covenants, and who (strictly) guard their prayers; these will be the heirs, who will inherit Paradise. They will dwell therein (forever). (Qur’an 23:1-11)

Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: and Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (ordinarily appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male attendants free of sexual desires. or small children who have no carnal knowledge of women. And that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O you Believers! Turn you all together towards Allah in repentance that you may be successful. (Qur’an 24:30-31)

Saffiyah bint Shaiba narrated that ‘Aishah used to say: “When (the Verse): ‘They should draw their veils over their necks and bosoms,’ was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces.” (Al-Bukhari Vol.6 Hadith 282)

‘Aishah narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah does not accept the prayer of a woman who has reached puberty unless she wears a veil.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 641)

Divorce

For those who take an oath for abstention from their wives, a waiting for four months is ordained. If then they return, Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. But if their intention is firm for divorce Allah hears and knows all things. Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for three monthly periods. And it is not lawful for them to hide what Allah has created in their wombs, if they have faith in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. And women shall have rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is equitable. But men have a degree over them and Allah is Exalted in Power Wise. (Qur’an 2:226-228)

“A divorce is only permissible twice; after that, the parties should either hold together on equitable terms, or separate with kindness. It is not lawful for you (men) to take back any of your gifts (from your wives), except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah…” (Qur’an 2:229)

“For divorced women is a suitable Gift. This is a duty on the righteous. Thus does Allah make clear His Signs to you: in order that you may understand.” (Qur’an 2:241; also see 2:230-240)

Muharib t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Allah did not make anything lawful more abominable to Him than divorce.” (Abu Dawud Hadith 2174)

Respect and Kindness to Women

“For divorced women is a suitable gift. This is a duty on the righteous.” (Qur’an 2:241)

“O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should you treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the dower you have given them, except where they have been guilty of open lewdness. On the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity if you take a dislike to them it may be that you dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.” (Qur’an 4:19)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah ‘s Messenger r said: “Treat women nicely, for a women is created from a rib. And the most curved portion of the rib is its upper portion. So, if you should try to straighten it, it will break, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked. So treat women nicely.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 548)

Kindness to Wife

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “Among the Muslims the most perfect, as regards his faith, is the one whose character is excellent, and the best among you are those who treat their wives well.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 628, 278 and 3264 and Abu Dawud)

Woman’s Obligations to Her Husband

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “It is not lawful for a lady to fast (Nawafil) without the permission of her husband when he is at home. She should not allow anyone to enter his house except with his permission. And if she spends of his wealth (on charitable purposes) without being ordered by him, he will get half of the reward.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 123)

Talq ibn Ali t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “When a man calls his wife to satisfy his desire she must go to him even if she is occupied at the oven.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 3257)

Abu Umamah t narrated that the Prophet r used to say, “After fear of Allah a believer gains nothing better for himself than a good wife who obeys him if he gives her a command, pleases him if he looks at her, is true to him if he adjures her to do something, and is sincere towards him regarding her person and his property if he is absent.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 3095 and Ibn Majah)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: Had it been permissible that a person may prostrate himself before another, I would have ordered that a wife should prostrate herself before her husband.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 285)

Thawban t narrated that… the Prophet r said: “The best property is a tongue which mentions Allah, a grateful heart, and a believing wife who helps a man with his faith.” (Tirmidhi, 2275; Ahmad, and Ibn Majah)

Love and Care for Children

“Say: ‘Come, I will rehearse what Allah has (really) prohibited you from’: join not anything with Him: Be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want. We provide sustenance for you and for them. Come not nigh to indecent deeds, whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. Thus does He command you, that you may learn wisdom.” (Qur’an 6:151)

“Kill not your children for fear of want. We shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you. Verily the killing of them is a great sin.” (Qur’an 17:31)

Narrated ‘Amirt: “I heard An-Numan bin Bashir… Allah’s Messenger r said: ‘Be afraid of Allah, and be just to your children….'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 52)

‘Aishah the wife of Allah’s Messenger r said: “A woman came to me along with her two daughters. She asked me for (charity) but she found nothing with me except one date, so I gave her that. She accepted it and then divided it between her two daughters and herself ate nothing out of that. She then got up and went out, and so did her two daughters. Allah’s Messenger visited me and I narrated to him her story. There upon Allah’s Messenger said: “He who is involved (in the responsibility) of bringing up) daughters, and he accords benevolent treatment towards them, there would be protection for him against Hell-Fire.'” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6362)

Malik t reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “He who brought up two girls properly till they grew up, he and I would come (together very closely) on the Day of Resurrection.” And he interlaced his fingers (for explaining the point of nearness between him and that person.). (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6364)

Kindness to the Family, Parents, Relatives, Orphans, the Poor, the Needy, and the Weak

“…Treat with kindness your parents and kindred, and orphans and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in prayer; and give zakat…” (Qur’an 2:83)

“To those weak of understanding give not your property which Allah has assigned to you to manage, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice.” (Qur’an 4:5)

“Serve Allah, and join not any partners with Him; and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are of kin, neighbours who are strangers, the companions by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and what your right hands possess: for Allah loves not the arrogant, vainglorious.” (Qur’an 4:36)

“And come not high to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice. No burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear. Whenever you speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil the Covenant of Allah. Thus does He command you, that you may remember.” (Qur’an 6:152)

“Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose departure have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah; and for the wayfarer. (Thus is it) ordained by Allah. And Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.” (Qur’an 9:60)

“Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want and those who have left their homes in Allah’s cause. Let them forgive and overlook, do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 24:22)

And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), “Show gratitude to Me and to your parents: to Me is (your final) Goal.” But if they strive to make you join in worship with Me things of which you have no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to Me. In the End the return of you all is to Me. And I will tell you all that you did. (Qur’an 31:14-15)

“We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents in pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth.” (Qur’an 46:15)

Abu Mas’ud t narrated that the Prophet r said: “If a man spends on his family with the intention of having a reward from Allah, sincerely for Allah’s sake, then it is a (kind on alms-giving (in reward) for him.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 52)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that a man came to Allah’s Messenger r and said: “O Allah’s Messenger r! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me?” The Prophet r said: “Your mother.” The man said: “Who is next?” The Prophet r said: “Your mother.” The man further said: “Who is next?” The Prophet r said: “Your mother.” The man asked (for the fourth time), “Who is next?” The Prophet r said: “Your father.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 2; Muslim Vol. 4Hadith 6180-6183)

Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari t narrated that the Prophet r said: “When a Muslim spends something on his family intending to receive Allah’s Reward, it is regarded as sadaqa (act of charity) for him.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 263)

Jubair bin Mut’im t narrated that he heard the Prophet r saying, “Al-Qati’ (the person who severs the bond of kinship) will not enter paradise.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 13; Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6199-6200)

Abu Hurairah t narrated: “I heard Allah’s Messenger r saying, ‘Whoever is pleased that he be granted more wealth and that his lease of life be prolonged, then he should keep good relations with his kith and kin.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 14)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, and Ahadith see: Qur’an 17:23-24, 29:8; 90:12-19, Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 4 and Hadith 18)

Kind Treatment to the Friends of One’s Parents

‘Abdullah bin Umart reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “The finest act of goodness is that a person should treat kindly the loved ones of his father.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6193 also Vol. 4 Hadith 6192)

Protection Given to the Orphans and Widows

“To orphans restore their property (when they reach their age), nor substitute (your) worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by mixing it up) with your own. For this is indeed a great sin.” (Qur’an 4:2)

“And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength…” (Qur’an 6:152)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “The one who looks after a widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid (warrior) who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like one who offers salat (prayers) all the night and observes sawm (fast) all the day.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 265)

Sahl bin Sa’id t narrated that the Prophet r said: “I and the person who looks after an orphan and provides for him, will be in Paradise like this.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 34)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses see: 4:6 and 4:127.)

Kindness/Good Treatment to Neighbours

‘Aishah narrated that the Prophet r said: “Jibrael (Gabriel) continued to recommend me about treating the neighbours kindly and politely, so much so that I thought he would order me to make them as my heirs.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 43 and Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6354-6356)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe!” It was said: “Who is that, O Allah’s Messenger?” He said: “That person whose neighbour does not feel safe from his evil.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 45)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should not harm his neighbour. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should entertain his guest generously. And whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should talk what is good or keep quiet.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 47)

Kindness to People and Animals

‘Aishah (radiallahu anha) narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “‘Aishah, verily Allah is kind and He loves kindness and confers upon kindness, which he does not confer upon severity and does not confer upon anything else besides it (kindness).” (Muslim,6273)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “There are one hundred (parts of) mercy of Allah. He has sent down out of these one part of mercy upon the jinn and human beings and the insects. It is because of this (one part) that they love one another, show kindness to one another and even the beast treats its young one with affection. And Allah has reserved ninety-nine parts of mercy with which He would treat His servants on the Day of Resurrection.” (Muslim, 6631)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “While a man was walking he felt thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud because of excessive thirst. The man said: ‘This (dog) is suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he (went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and watered the dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave him.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Messengerr! Is there a reward for us in serving (the) animals?” He r replied, “Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 551; Vol. 8 Hadith 38)

Sahl ibn Al-Hanzaliyyah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r came upon an emaciated camel and said: “Fear Allah regarding these dumb animals. Ride them when they are in good condition and feed them when they are in good condition.” (Abu Dawud 2542)

Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Every act of kindness is sadaqah, (charity) and kindness includes meeting your brother with a cheerful face and pouring water from bucket into your brother’s vessel.” (Tirmidhi, 1910 and Ahmad)

‘Abdullah ibn Abbas t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r forbade inciting animals to fight with one another.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 4103 and AbuDawud)

Ali ibn Abu Talib t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “One Muslim should do six acts of kindness to another: He should greet him when he meets him; accept his invitation when he gives one; say ‘Allah have mercy on you’ when he sneezes; visit him when he is ill; follow his bier when he dies; and like for him what he likes for himself.” (Tirmidhi Hadith 4643 and Darimi)

(For other relevant Ahadith see: Al-Bukhari Vol. 7 Hadith 449, Hadith 421; Muslim Hadith 5281, 6274, Tirmidhi Hadith 3024, Abu Dawud Hadith 1668, Tirmidhi Hadith 4925 and Ibn Majah)

Universal Unity and Brotherhood

“Be not like those who are divided amongst themselves and fall into disputations after receiving Clear Signs; for them is a dreadful Chastisement.” (Qur’an 3:105)

“The Believers, men and women, are protectors, one to another. They enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil. They observe regular prayers, pay zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.” (Qur’an 9:71)

Bin Umart narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfil his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 622)

An-Numan bin Bashir t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 40)

Abu Musat narrated that the Prophet r said: “A believer for another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.” The Prophet r then clasped his hands with the fingers interlaced. (At that time) the Prophet was sitting and a man came and begged or asked for something. The Prophet r faced us and said: “Help and recommend him and you will receive the reward for it, and Allah will bring about what He wills through his Prophet’s tongue.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 55)

Nu’man bin Bashir t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “The believers are like one person; if his head aches, the whole body aches with fever and sleeplessness.” (Muslim Vol. 4Hadith 6260)

Abu Musa t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “A believer is like a brick for another believer, the one supporting the other.” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6257; Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 626)

Anas Bin Malik t narrated that the Prophet r said: “None of you will have faith till he likes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 12)

Respect to Non-Muslims (People of the Book)

“This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you. The food of the people of the Book (the Jews and the Christians) is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them. (Lawful unto you n marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers, but chaste women among the People of the Book, revealed before your time, when you give them their due dowers, and desire chastity, not lewdness. Taking them as lovers. If any one rejects faith, fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good). (Qur’an 5:5)

“And dispute not with the People of the Book, except in the best way; unless it be with those of them who do wrong but say, “We believe in the Revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; our God and your God is One; and it is to Him we submit (in Islam).'” (Qur’an 29:46)

“Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loves those who are just. Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive you out of your homes, and support (others) in driving you out, from turning to them (for friendship and protection). It is such as turn to them ) in these circumstances), that do wrong.” (Qur’an 60:8-9)

Respect to All Foreign Delegates

Sa’id bin Jubair t narrated that he heard Ibn Abbas … said: “When the condition (health) of Allah’s Messenger r deteriorated,…The prophet r ordered them to do three things saying, ‘Turn out all the pagans from the Arabian Peninsula, show respect to all foreign delegates by giving them gifts as I used to do.’ The sub-narrator added, “The third order was something beneficial which either Ibn Abbas did not mention or he mentioned but I forgot.” (Al-Bukhari Vol.4 Hadith 393)

Etiquette of Social Interaction/Speaking

“When a (courteous) greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes a careful account of all things.” (Qur’an 4:86)

“Allah does not love the utterance of evil words in public except by one who has been wronged. Allah is He Who hears and knows all things.” (Qur’an 4:148)

“…Whenever you speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil the Covenant of Allah. Thus does He command you that you may remember.” (Qur’an 6:152).

“Say to My servants that they should (only) say those things that are best: for Satan does sow dissension among them: for Satan is to man an avowed enemy.” (Qur’an 17:53)

“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those who bow in Islam’?” (Qur’an 41:33)

“And he who brings the Truth and he who confirms (and supports) it—such are the men who do right. They shall have all that they wish for, with their Rabb (Sustainer). Such is the reward of those who do good: so that Allah will remit from them (even) the worst in their deeds and give them their reward according to the best of what they have done.” (Qur’an 39:33-35)

“O you who believe! Why say you that which you do not? Grievously hateful is it in the sight of Allah that you say that which you do not.” (Qur’an 61: 2-3)

Abdullah bin Amr t narrated that a man asked the Prophet r, “Whose Islam is good or what sort of deeds (or what qualities) of Islam are good.” The Prophet r replied, “To feed (others) and to greet those whom you know and those whom you do not know.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 11)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r, said: “The young should greet the old, the passer-by should greet the sitting one, and the small group of persons should greet the large group of persons.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8Hadith 250)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r, said: “A slave (of Allah) may utter a word which pleases Allah without giving it much importance, and because of that Allah will raise him to degrees (of reward); a slave (of Allah) may utter a word (carelessly) which displeases Allah without thinking of its gravity, and because of that he will be thrown into the Hell-Fire.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 482)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the last day should talk what is good or keep quiet; and whoever believes in Allah and the last day should not hurt (or insult his neighbour; and whoever believes in Allah and the last day should entertain his guest generously.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 8 Hadith 485; Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4286)

 


 

Islam: The Complete Way of Life (3) Political Value

(3) Islam: The Complete Way of Life (Some Proofs from the Qur’an and the Authentic Ahadith)

Political Values

By Mamarinta Omar Mababaya and Dr. Norlain D. Mababaya


Political Values

Power and Sovereignty

“To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth. Whether you show what is in your minds or conceal it, Allah calls you to account for it. He forgives whom He pleases and punishes whom He pleases, for Allah has power over all things.” (Qur’an 2:285)

“Say: “O Allah! Rabb (Sustainer) of Power (and Rule), You give Power to whom You please, and You stripes off Power from whom You pleases. You endow with honour whom You please and You bring low whom You please. In Your hand is all Good. Verily, over all things you have power.” (Qur’an 3:24; also 3:29)

“To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; and Allah has power over all things.” (Qur’an 3:189; 11:4)

“Do you not know that to Allah (Alone) belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whom He pleases, and He forgives whom He pleases. And Allah has power over all things.” (Qur’an 5:40; also 5:120)

“If Allah touches you with affliction, none can remove it but if He touches you with happiness, He has power over all things. He is Irresistibly Supreme over His servants. And He is the Wise, acquainted with all things.” (Qur’an 6:17-18)

“It is He (Allah) Who has made you the inheritors of the earth. He has raised you in ranks, some above others; that He may try you in the gifts He has given you: for your Rabb (Sustainer) is quick in punishment. Yet, He is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 6:165)

Goal

“To each is a goal to which Allah turns him; then strive together (as in a race) towards all that is good. Whosoever you are, Allah will bring you together; for Allah has power over all things.” (Qur’an 2:148)

“Say: ‘Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds.'” (Qur’an 6:162)

“…And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and to all that is between. And to Him is the final goal (of all).” (Qur’an 5:18)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses see: 5:105 and 40:2-3)

Obedience to God, His Messenger and to Rulers/Authorities

“O you who believe! Obey God, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If you differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to God and His Messenger, if you do believe in God and the Last Day: that is best and most suitable for final determination.” (Qur’an 4:59)

Ibn Abbast narrated that the Prophetr said: “Whoever disapproves of something done by his ruler then he should be patient, for whoever disobeys the ruler even a little (a span) will die as those who died in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance (i.e., rebellious sinners).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9Hadith. 176)

Anas bin Malikt narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “You should listen to and obey your ruler even if he was an Ethiopian (black) slave whose head looks like a raisin.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith No.256)

‘Abdullah t narrated that the Prophetr said: “A Muslim has to listen to and obey (the order of his ruler) whether he likes it or not as long as his orders involve not one in disobedience (to Allah), but if an act of disobedience (to Allah) is imposed one should not listen to it or obey it.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith No.258)

‘Auf bin Malikt narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “The best of your rulers are those whom you love and who love you, who invoke God’s blessings upon you and you invoke His blessings upon them. And the worst of your rulers are those whom you hate and who hate you and whom you curse and who curse you.” It was asked (by those present): “Should we not overthrow them with the help of the sword? He said: “No, as long as they establish prayer among you. If you then find anything detestable in them, you should hate their administration, but do not withdraw yourselves from their obedience.” (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4573)

Discouragement to Seek Power/to Rule

‘Abdur Rahman bin Samuraht narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “O ‘ Abdur Rahman bin Samurah! Do not seek to be a ruler, for if you are given authority on your demand, you will be held responsible for it, but if you are given it without asking for it, then you will be helped (by Allah) in it. If you ever take an oath to do something and later on you find that something else is better, then do what is better and make expiation for your oath..” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith 260)

Accountability

Abdullah bin Umar t narrated that he heard the Prophet r saying: “Every one of you is a guardian, and responsible for what is in his custody. The ruler is a guardian of his subjects and responsible for them; a husband is a guardian of his family and is responsible for it; a lady is a guardian of her husband’s house and is responsible for it, and a servant is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible for it. A man is a guardian of his father’s property and is responsible for it so all of you are guardians and responsible for your wards and things under your care).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 592; also Vol. 3 Hadith 73)

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Maliht that Ubaidullah bin Ziyad t visited Ma’qil bin Yasar t in his illness. Ma’qil said to him: I am narrating to you a Hadith which I would have never narrated to you had I not been in death-bed. I heard Allah’s Messengerr said: “A ruler who has been entrusted with the affairs of the Muslims, but he if makes no endeavours (for the material and moral uplift) and does not sincerely mean (their welfare) would not enter Paradise along with them.” (Muslim Vol. 1 Hadith 264)

Law of Equality and Justice

“In the Law of Equality there is (saving of) life to you, O you men of understanding that you may restrain yourselves.” (Qur’an 2:179)

“Allah does command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; and when you judge between people that you judge with justice. Verily how excellent is the teaching, which He gives you! For Allah is He Who hears and sees all things.” (Qur’an 4:58)

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. For not the lusts (of your departure), lest you swerve, and if you distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.” (Qur’an 4:135)

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety. And fear Allah for Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.” (Qur’an 5:8)

“Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and giving to kith and kin, and He forbids all indecent deed, and evil and rebellion, He instructs you that you may receive admonition.” (Qur’an 16:90)

Anas Bin Malikt narrated that the Prophet r said: “The prescribed Law of Allah is the equality in punishment (i.e. Qisas).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 6 Hadith 26)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses see: 2:178 and 6:164.)

Encouragement for Giving Right Judgement

‘Amir bin Al-‘As t is reported to have said that he heard Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “When a judge gives a decision, and he tries his best to decide correctly and is right (in his decision), there are two rewards for him and if he gave judgement and did his best (to arrive at a correct decision) but erred, there is one reward for him.” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2314; Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4261)

Abdur Rahman bin Bakrat reported: “My father…heard Allah’s Messenger r as saying: ‘One of you should not judge between two persons when he is angry.” (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4264)

Prohibition of Graft and Corruption

Narrated Khaula Al-Ansariyat : “I heard Allah’s’ Messengerr said: ‘Some people spend Allah’s wealth (Muslim’s wealth) in an unjust manner; such people will be put in the (Hell) Fire on the Day of Resurrection.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith347)

Mutual Consultation

“Those who respond to their Rabb (Sustainer), and establish regular prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for sustenance; and those who, when an oppressive wrong is inflicted on them, (are not cowed but) help and defend themselves.” (Qur’an 42:38-39)

Prohibition for Fighting/Murder and Other Crimes

Never should a Believer kill a Believer; except by mistake, and whoever kills a Believer by mistake it is ordained that he should free a believing slave. And pay blood money to the deceased’s family, unless they remit it freely. If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you, and he was a Believer, the freeing of a believing slave (is enough). If he belonged to a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, blood-money should be paid to his family, and a believing slave be freed. For those who find this beyond their means, (is prescribed) a fast for two months running: by way of repentance to Allah: for Allah has all knowledge and all wisdom. (Qur’an 4:92)

“If a man kills a Believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (forever): and the wrath and curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful chastisement is prepared for him.” (Qur’an 4:193)

“Nor take life ¾ which Allah has made sacred ¾ except for just cause. And if anyone is slain wrongfully, we have given his heir authority (to demand Qisas or to forgive): but let him not exceed bounds in the matter of taking life; for he is helped by the (Law).” (Qur’an 17:33)

Abu Bakraht narrated: “I heard Allah’s Messengerr saying, ‘When two Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, both the murderer as well as the murdered will go to Hell-fire.” I said: “O Allah’s Messenger!. It is all right for the murderer but what about the murdered one? Allah’s Messenger replied, “He surely had the intention to kill his companion.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 1 Hadith 30)

Ibn Umart narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “A faithful believer remains at liberty regarding his religion, unless he kills somebody unlawfully.” (Al-Bukhari Vol.9 Hadith 2)

Abdullah Ibn Umart narrated that the Prophetr said: “Whoever carries arms against us, is not from us.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith 13)

Ibn Abbast narrated that the Prophetr said: “The most hated persons with Allah are three: 1) A person who deviates from the right conduct (i.e., an evil-doer), in the Haram (sanctuaries of Makkah and Madinah); 2. A person who seeks that the traditions of the period of ignorance should remain in Islam; and 3. A person who seeks to shed somebody’s blood without any right.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith21)

Conditions for Killing a Believer

Abdullah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “The blood of a Muslim, who confesses that La ilaha il-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and that I am the Messenger of Allah, cannot be shed except in three cases: 1. life for life (in cases of intentional murders without right i.e., Al-Qisas ¾Law of equality in punishment); 2. a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse; and 3. the one who turns renegade from Islam (apostate) and leaves the group of Muslims (by innovating heresy, new ideas and new things etch. in Islamic religion).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 9 Hadith 17)

Prohibition of Suicide

“O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: but let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good-will: nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah has been to you Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 4:29)

Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said: “He who commits suicide by throttling shall keep on throttling himself in the Hell-fire (forever) and he who commits suicide by stabbing himself shall keep on stabbing himself in the Hell-fire (forever).” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 2 Hadith 446)

Jundab t narrated that the Prophet r said: “A man was inflicted with wounds and he committed suicide, and so Allah said: ‘My slave has caused death on himself hurriedly, so I forbid Paradise for him.'” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 445)

Prohibition of Betrayal

Ibn ‘Umar narrated that the Prophetr said: “Every betrayer will have a flag which will be fixed on the Day of Resurrection, and the flag ‘s prominence will be made in order to show the betrayal he committed..” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 411)

Fighting against Oppression, Transgression and Persecution

Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress limits; for Allah loves not transgressors. And slay them wherever you catch them, and turn them out from where they have turned you out; for persecution is worse than slaughter. But fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you, slay them. Such is the punishment of those who reject faith. But if they cease, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. And fight them on until there is no more persecution and the religion becomes Allah’s. But if they cease, let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression. (Qur’an 2:192-193)

“The blame is only against those who oppress men with wrong-doing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying right and justice: for such there will be a Chastisement grievous.” (Qur’an 42:42)

Ibn Umart narrated that the Prophet r said: “Oppression will be a darkness on the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Bukhari 3:627; Muslim Vol.4 Hadith 6249)

Anas bin Malik t narrated that Allah’s Messenger r said: “Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one. People asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! It is all right to help him if he is oppressed, but how should we help him if he is an oppressor? The Prophet said: “By preventing him from oppressing others.” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 624 and Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6254)

Abu Dharrt reported Allah’s Messenger r as saying: “Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: ‘My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me and unlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against one another…'” (Muslim Vol. 4 Hadith 6246)

(For other relevant Ahadith, see: Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 Hadith 628 and Hadith 629.)

Conditions for Fighting/Waging War against Enemies

“Fight in the Cause of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress limits; for Allah loves not transgressors.” (Qur’an 2:190)

“To those against whom war is made, permission is given (to fight), because they are wronged; and verily Allah is Most Powerful for their aid. (They are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right, (for no cause) except that they say, “Our Rabb (Sustainer) is Allah.”… (They are) those who, if We establish them in the land, establish regular prayer and give zakat, enjoin the right and forbid wrong: with Allah rests the end (and decision) of (all) affairs.” (Qur’an 22:39-41)

Jihad/Fighting in the Cause of Allah

“And why should you not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed); men, women and children, whose cry is: “Our Rabb (Sustainer)! Rescue us from this town; whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect; and raise for us from You one who will help!?” (Qur’an 4:75)

“Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, and those who reject Faith fight in the cause of Evil; so fight against the friends of Satan. Feeble indeed is the cunning of Satan.” (Qur’an 4:76)

O you who believe! Shall I lead you to a bargain that will save you from a grievous Chastisement? That you believe in Allah and His Messenger, and that you strive (your utmost) in the Cause of Allah, with your wealth and your persons: that will be best for you, if you but knew! He will forgive you your sins, and admit you to the Gardens of Eternity: that is indeed the supreme Triumph. (Qur’an 61:10-12)

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudrit narrated that somebody asked, “Allah’s Messenger! Who is the best among the people? Allah’s Messenger replied: “A believer who strives his utmost in Allah’s Cause with his life and property…” (Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 45)

It has been narrated on the authority of Sahl bin Sa’d As-Sa’idit that the Messenger of Allah said: “The journey undertaken by a person in the morning (for Jihad) in the way of Allah (will merit a reward) better than the world and all that is in it.” (Muslim Vol. 3 Hadith 4640, also see Al-Bukhari Vol. 4 Hadith 50)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 4:95-96 and 9:20.)

Punishment/Retaliation

“And if you punish/retaliate, let your punishment be proportionate to the wrong that has been done to you. But if you show patience, that is indeed the best (course) for those who are patient.” (Qur’an 16:126)

“The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: for (Allah) loves not those who do wrong.” (Qur’an 42:40)

Peace and Reconciliation

“Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; and turn away from the ignorant.” (Qur’an 7:199)

But if the enemy incline toward peace, do (also) incline towards peace, and trust in Allah: for He is the One that hears and knows (all things).” (Qur’an 8:61)

“. . . Let them forgive and overlook. Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 24: 22)

“The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: for Allah loves not those who do wrong.” (Qur’an 42:40)

“Tell those who believe, to forgive those who do not hope for the Days of Allah; it is for Him to recompense (for good or ill) each people according to what they have earned.” (Qur’an 45:14)

If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel make you peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair (and just). The believers are but a single Brotherhood: so make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers: And fear Allah, that you may receive Mercy. (Qur’an 49:9-10 also see Qur’an 4:90 and 5:45)

Conciliation and Compromise

Abdullah, the son of Amr Bin ‘Auft reported his father has having said on his grandfather’s authority: “I heard Allah’s Messenger r saying: ‘Conciliation is permissible among the Muslims, except the compromise that makes the lawful as unlawful or makes the unlawful as lawful.'” (Ibn Majah Vol. 3 Hadith 2353)

Fulfillment of Treaties

“(But the treaties are) not dissolved with those Pagans with whom you have entered into alliance and who have not subsequently failed you in ought, nor aided any one against you. So fulfill your engagements with them to the end of their term: for Allah loves the righteous.” (Qur’an 9:4)

Patience/Perseverance

“…Seek (Allah’s) help with patient, perseverance and prayer…” (Qur’an 2:45)

“O you who believe! Seek help with patient, perseverance and prayer: for Allah is with those who patiently persevere. And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allah: ‘They are dead.’ Nay, they are living, through you perceive (it) not. Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods, lives and the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere. Who say, when afflicted with calamity; ‘To Allah we belong, and to Him is our return’: they are the those on whom (descend) blessings from their Rabb (Sustainer), and Mercy. And these are the one that receive guidance.” (Qur’an 2:153-157)

“For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women for devout men and women for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in charity, for men and women who fast, for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s remembrance for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and great reward.” (Qur’an 33:35)

(For other relevant Qur’anic verses, see: 4:90 and 5:45 7:126 and 13:20-24.)